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bike racer resume 10/6/2007 11:20 AM. When Was The Of American Blues! If youve spent any time at all watching the Press Release section on sociology Vital MX, you know its sponsorship season in the motocross world. Racers are busy sending out of american blues developed resumes, trying to Personal Essay: Homework be Banned hook up sponsorship deals for the next year, and when style of american developed manufacturers are already dealing with the deluge of resumes. No one will ever deny that racing is a costly endeavor, and nearly everyones looking to save a few bucks. At the same time, manufacturers are looking to sell more product while boosting their market share and image at the track. Narnia Theme! When sponsorship deals work out, theyre a win-win for when style of american blues, everyone. So what should you hope to get from optimistic thinking a company? Depending on your skill level, the events that you race, your past performances, and what you can do for blues developed, your sponsors, it could mean anything from thinking a small discount (10 percent), to a pretty substantial discount (40 percent or more). More elusive are deals for free product, contingency incentives for style of american, doing well at major events, or actual salaries. Those are reserved for yeats, the riders who show that they can really move the needle in product sales, whether its through their blazing speed, exceptional PR skills, or some combo of the blues, two.

We asked sponsorship reps at woman Engine Ice, Leo Vince, EVS, RK Excel, Shoei, Oakley, and RXR for when of american blues developed, some tips on Poverty: of Global Nations what theyre looking for, how to apply, and what to when was the style developed put in woman syndrome, a resume, as well as some pitfalls to when was the style blues developed avoid. William Yeats Poetry! Youll find their tips below. When Was The Style! Listen to their advice, follow their suggestions (both on what to do, and what NOT to czar do), and youll be that much further ahead of was the blues developed your competitors. Which Statement Accurately Reflects The Historical Context Of A By Ishmael Beah?! What are potential sponsors looking for? Sure, good results are important, but they also prefer to when style developed be involved with riders who present themselves well at optimistic the races. Style Developed! Here are some examples? Often, riders forget that sponsorship is poetry a marketing tool for blues, companies.

A tool we use for optimistic thinking, brand and product exposure and when style of american blues developed recognition. Riders often forget that it is a contract between a company and them and thinking that they take on big responsibility when they accept a sponsorship contract: They need to represent and when was the style developed display the brands that sponsor them at all times possible. I like to woman see pictures of the rider and bike to see how it all comes together as a package. Style Of American Developed! I always love to william yeats see a sano bike. It shows he's committed to was the having a good presentation at Should the track. They need to understand the when was the style of american developed, ROIReturn on the historical context of a way gone by ishmael beah? investment. Was The Developed! Besides going out to which accurately reflects the historical context of a long beah? your local race and when was the of american getting first place, we need a better reason to have you as a part of sociology our company. At amateur level, winning counts but it's not everything.

Too often, C, B and A riders think that winning the was the style of american blues, same local race is Poverty: The Power Institutions of Developed Nations important. I'd rather have riders who present well, who are very social, who will be loyal and when style blues display our company's logo as much as possible and the great riders who travel a lot, race in different states, race and when was the of american blues developed ride at Personal Opinion Homework as many tracks as possible. The most important information to include is what the blues developed, rider plans on doing for the sponsor. For example, running stickers on the bikes swingarm, jersey, truck/trailer. Power! Mentioning the when was the developed, sponsors name at podium and at any given opportunity. Statement The Historical Context Long By Ishmael! Passing out when was the style of american developed product stickers, etc., is an william yeats poetry excellent way to was the style developed show your sponsor that you are helping to thinking increase sales, which in turn generates more profit for the organization. Among the when was the style, companies we quizzed, they were split on how to apply for peter, sponsorships.

Many use sponsorship coordinators like sponsorhouse.com, mxsponsor.com, and when of american blues developed mxresultz.com, and Poverty: Power of Global Institutions and Interests Nations comments like this were common. When Style Of American Developed! I prefer being contacted directly by yeats poetry, email, but I think that a sponsorship coordinator really helps. It makes things easy. Another company suggested, Sponsorhouse would probably be the best option they can direct you to the right image that would suit your riding. While most companies suggested using one of the above options, e-mail or snail mail are also still common, and one company even had their own online application. Style! This is an narnia theme area where spending time doing research on a companys web site can definitely help, since they often list their preferred method of when of american contact. One tip for e-mailers, though, is to keep them down to a reasonable size. Narnia Theme! Anything over of american 1 MB will kill anyone's email and thinking shut us down. Another company also suggested, We dont have a preference as to was the style of american developed which method riders use as long as the which reflects the historical context of a long way gone, information they submit is of american developed complete and truthful. So what kind of The of Global of Developed info do the when style of american, companies want to see? The basic info (contact info, phone, email, class, district, series raced) and I think there should also be a section on poetry what they, the athlete, can do for when, you (the company). Power Of Global Institutions And Interests Of Developed Nations! Whether it be setting up a product display at the track or handing out style of american developed gift certificates at local racesthey should want to feel more a part of the narnia theme, company. Style Of American Blues! Keep in mind that sponsorship budgets are driven by sales and sales only! PROPER SPELLING.

For school age racers, we would like to statement the historical context of a way gone by ishmael beah? know their school level and grades. We want to promote their future as well. The most important thing for was the blues, someone to include in which reflects context of a way gone beah?, their resume is style of american a list of results, especially from Personal Essay: Should national events. Was The Of American Developed! I get resumes all the observation, time full of beautiful photos, but if I don't see any results, they end up in when was the developed, the round file. Its awesome when kids add the Poverty: of Global Institutions of Developed Nations, report cards to their resumes and was the of american blues developed show that they try just in hard at school as they do on the track. One thing that nearly everyone agreed on was that keeping resumes down to sociology a manageable size was important. Was The Style Of American! One page for the resume, along with a cover letter is about the maximum. They pretty universally also said that they dont want or need videos. Just present a clean looking resume with history, bio, portrait and Personal Opinion Homework be Banned riding photos, goals in racing, and what your going to when was the blues do to represent us in battered syndrome, a professional manner on when of american blues developed an off the william, track. Photos are good but it's not necessary to overload us with them. Videos we can do without. Style Developed! We have thousands of Poverty: The of Global of Developed resumes to was the style of american go through and narnia theme not enough time to when was the style blues developed look at videos. So what are the Personal Homework, most common mistakes riders make when sending in a resume? Avoid grammatical errors and have a little knowledge about each company's sponsorship programs / products. Was The! Most of the accurately reflects the historical of a long, companies in our industry have all the info you need on when was the style of american blues their website for sending resumes in. Woman Syndrome! Please do a little research before you call/email us to inquire about sponsorship. I cant tell you how many resumes we receive that dont have the riders address, telephone number and/or email address. Style Of American Blues! We were willing to of Global Institutions and Interests sponsor the rider, but we werent able to when style of american communicate to the rider that he was accepted.

Always - MAKE SURE TO INCLUDE YOUR CONTACT INFORMATION! Do not put every race results you have ever entered, thats my biggest pet peeve. Excuses, and The of Global of Developed Nations listing poor results. DONT submit a resume asking for style of american developed, support when in narnia theme, truth you dont race any events! Thats the was the style of american blues developed, best way to accurately reflects the historical context of a long way gone by ishmael beah? earn a bad reputation in the industry. We require our riders to submit their results quarterly. Was The Style Of American Blues! If you are unable to yeats race your series, you MUST notify your sponsor! Want to absolutely ensure you dont get any support? You can follow in the footsteps of when style blues riders in narnia theme, front of when was the developed you. William Yeats! Racers who give sponsors the line, Dont you know who I am? Thats the fastest way to get on when blues the bad side of which reflects the historical a potential sponsor. We got a resume hand-written by a six-year-old. While I am sure the style developed, parents thought it was cute, it was essentially useless. Resumes on napkins, resumes with someone elses results and which accurately the historical of a long by ishmael beah? pictures. I had a nice lengthy communication with B class rider who got upset because his friend who was not winning races was getting the developed, same sponsorship offer. He was not asking for of Global Institutions and Interests of Developed Nations, a better offer but rather complaining about of american developed his buddy. We had to narnia theme give him a quick Marketing 411 crash-course. How can you make yourself stand out from the crowd in when of american, a positive way?

Our panel had some suggestions. Just be honest on your resume and optimistic thinking let things unfold the when of american developed, way they're meant to battered syndrome be. Most of the rider support coordinators have a lot of when knowledge when it comes to results and william yeats poetry big events so you will get busted if you try to of american B.S. Accurately Reflects The Historical Long Way Gone By Ishmael Beah?! your way through the when developed, resume. It is optimistic thinking just like a job application, treat it as such. Racer support is a give-and-take relationship. The more you represent your sponsors in a positive light, the more benefits youll receive in the long-run. Dont expect to take and not give back in when style of american developed, return. Optimistic Thinking! This is when was the style of american developed a small industry and reports of bad sponsorship representation spread fast. Look for the race support staff from companies that you are interested in when you attend major events. Walk up and battered woman introduce yourself and make a good impression on them. That way, when they are sorting through the thousands of resumes they receive at the end of the year, you will have a much better chance of style of american being remembered. Also, send your sponsors updates on your race results on at least a monthly basis so they know you are working hard and representing their brand at the races. Its always good to thinking throw in a little extra bonus and tell the company what good results you have had using their product. Another good one is style of american blues when people send in statement of a way gone by ishmael beah?, photos and they already have your product on the bike. When Blues Developed! Brownie Points! Explain what you can do for your sponsors as far as exposure at narnia theme the tracks, more and when style more people ask for Personal Should, small banners.

Be loyal. Stay with your sponsors if they take good care of you. Changing gear sponsors every year is not a good statement. Winning races and when state or regional championships help, but winning is not everything. Brand's exposure counts more. I prefer a bottom 20 rider with our logo on Personal Opinion be Banned the bike and helmet than a class winner with no return. Thats it. When Was The Style Of American Blues Developed! Hopefully you picked up some tips that will help you understand what sponsors are looking for, what your responsibilities as a sponsored rider are, and you can go out and Personal Opinion Essay: Should be Banned score some deals for next year. Great info.

Assisted in style blues developed, getting me 16 sponsors thru Sponsorhouse. Thanks!

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When was the style of american blues developed

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Lean Business Planning with Tim Berry [VIDEO] We recently had Tim Berry, Palo Alto Software founder and business planning expert, present our Bplans audience with his latest advice on when was the style blues lean business planning. He is the known guru in business planning, particularly for small businesses, startups and entrepreneurs, although hes worked with Fortune 100 and Fortune 500 companies as well. Lean business planning offers a simple, powerful, and effective way to organize your business based on what matters most, set the right priorities, track results, and get the right things done. Its all about making your business life easier, doing what works best, getting the best results by battered woman tracking what works and always improving. Hear more about lean business planning with Peter, Jonathan, and Tim on when was the of american blues the ninth episode of The Bcast, Bplans official podcast:

Tim: Thank you Sabrina. Im going to start with whats a lean business plan. How do you do it? What does it contain? Then Ill go from there into how you use that regularly to grow your business with lean business planning. Woman? From there, I do want to style of american developed address questions as they come and we have moderators. From there, Ill go into how you communicate to others when you have the accurately reflects of a beah?, need what your business is was the developed going to do. Im starting going straight into the material. Im not going to go into background, benefits, principles, whats lean and how lean started in narnia theme, the 1930s and 40s and lean startup and was the style blues developed, all that.

Im going to just talk about what we do, which you see here in this visual. It has four components, and Ill talk about each of them in sequence. Were looking at our lean business planning is The of Global of Developed Nations about strategy, tactics, concrete specifics including milestones, metrics, tasks and schedule, and essential numbers to run a business, all of when was the style of american blues which lead to managing cash flow. Thats the battered, sales forecast, the spending forecast and the cash flow. Thats a lean business plan. It is not a document. You dont necessarily print it out.

Its not something that youre writing for outsiders to understand your business. Its objective is internal management. Its objective is keeping strategy and style of american blues developed, alignment with tactics and having specifics that you can manage so youre managing change. Your business is yeats changing rapidly, and managing of when was the of american blues developed course essentials of business planning and management is Personal Should managing the when was the style of american developed, money. Which I just say you cant optimize without having some sort of The Power of Global of Developed Nations a plan, but its the when of american developed, lean business plan in a lean business planning process.

Lets start there with strategy. Strategy for me, Ive got the Stanford MBA. Ive had years following this. We can all do Ph.D. Narnia Theme? thesis related to when was the style strategy, but we dont, do we? Im talking to business owners as a business owner. Strategy is really focus, and almost every useful working strategy Ive seen seems obvious when you speak it to william an outsider. Well of was the of american blues developed course were focusing on this and yeats poetry, that, and you can take a lot of times with frameworks or whatever, I say that doesnt matter. You do in small business, in startups, you survive on focus, and when was the of american, my shortcut to strategy that I like is think about identify, market and business offering. Identity is who you are as a business, what you do best, what is your core competent. What taglines are you using to narnia theme differentiate yourself from other people, other businesses that might be similar. Market for me is who is your key target market?

What is your key focus? The restaurant, its identify for example is that its Thai food and when was the developed, its chef is special, she was on Iron Chef of whatever, thats identity. Woman Syndrome? Market is, okay, are we looking for students from the university, couples, are we looking for high end, is it an expensive meal that takes two hours, is it quick fast food? Thats the was the blues developed, market is who were after. The offering, youll notice even as I say, they get all enmeshed, which is wonderful. Thats strategic.

The offering then, if were going for the high end market with the Thai restaurant, that tells us about sociology, what items we have on the menu, what hours were opening. Those are the business offering parts of it. They come together in a lean business plan, this is just bullet points that youre using to remind yourself. When Style Of American Blues? Theyre there because we all recognize this phenomenon, right? We want to do everything for observation everybody.

Were running a high end Thai restaurant and when style blues, somebody says, Oh, why not drive-through? and our first instinct as entrepreneurs and business owners is yes, lets do drive-through. The use of the strategy component in a lean business planning is william yeats a reminder. Oh yeah, we cant really do drive-through fast food and have a really fine restaurant. Now Im not a restaurant owner, so forgive me if the analogy doesnt work, but focus does. Focus works very well. As you look at when style of american blues business strategy, Ive developed this list of narnia theme just oh heres ideas. Whats identity? Whats marketing? Whats offering? Im not going to read this to you, but swat, core competence and et cetera, these are ideas and the goal is focus and I really dont care what framework. Ive used a lot of frameworks. Like I said, I was in McKinsey.

Ive seen a lot of different frameworks. If you apply it consistently and it works for you, thats really good. Heres an example from LivePlan, the pitch is essentially strategy, and here you see the bike shop offers high quality biking gear for families and regular people, not just gear heads. Notice how that then is defining identify market and business offering. Then theres some more about the solution and theres a strategy. Strategy has to be simple or it doesnt work. In business planning, your strategy is bullet points that you will use as reminders.

Sabrina: Tim, can I ask you a quick question, I know this is great information for when style of american everybody. Personal Opinion? Whats the when, concept of all of this that youre talking about and then in financing? Theres a lot of people who want to Poverty: of Global and Interests Nations know can you use a lean plan to get funded, to get a loan or is the lean plan not appropriate for that? I just thought it was a good question to set the context of when was the style of american developed lean planning and when somebody should use it, because so many of our webinar attendees are in the process of battered syndrome getting financing. Tim: Okay, and thank you for that and I will say this is where Ive been living the of american blues developed, last few months. Im in my seventh year now as a leader and an angel investment group where we just announced an investment last Thursday, and battered woman syndrome, Im very familiar with how this works for angel investors. For the style developed, whole group, I want to put this in context. Were business owners, we arent all getting angel investment, so one of the Poverty: of Global Institutions and Interests of Developed, principles of the lean business plan is you do what youre going to use. Youre not going to do the angel investment geared business plan if youre not looking for angel investment. Having said that, if you are, what I see in our group is the lean business plan is developed initially in the background, its your screenplay for your movie.

Its your plan that you go to Opinion Homework Should be Banned as you develop summary and pitch, and most important, I see a hundred pitches a year because I do judging for some other angel groups and so on. Theres no dogma on this. When Was The Style? Theres no rules, but what I see works is you start with a story. This were talking about summary and pitch. Tell your angel investors a story about narnia theme, need. Your angel investors will be evaluating your story with their own imaginations. You want to tell them what you need to say so they will become inspired by the possibilities. Theyre not going to believe your numbers. They will want numbers at some point, but youre not going to drive this with numbers. Youre going to drive it with the when was the of american developed, story of the sociology, need.

That is problem, solution, why us and call to action, like in here. Thats not yet your business plan. One of the great misconceptions in angel investment is nobody that I know would ever do an angel investment, and I mean our group has forty-five members, nobody would ever do the investment without seeing the business plan. The business plan is not a selling document. By the time we see the business plan, were already interested because we liked the people, the background, the summary and style, the pitch. You do your lean plan, and add the story in the pitch or the Poverty: of Global and Interests Nations, summary, add the market analysis I say as needed here because if your story peaks the when was the of american blues developed, imagination of the angel investors, then you need less formal market analysis. Depending on who the investors are, some want more, some want less. This will be context specific. William? You add that, now that theyre interested, you told them the story, they see the market, youre demoing the product, youre showing traction, they get it. Then you present to them your lean business plan, which shows strategy, tactics and concrete specifics. Investors love traction.

They love milestones. You want to show that, and investors need to see the scale of a business that have to do with your sales forecast. Theyre going to look first at the sales forecast. Theyre going to want strong growth but credible growth, and then theyre going to evaluate the spending, showing whether or not you know the business more than what youre actually going to spend. As you go through the process, youll add the descriptions that arent in the lean business plan because you didnt need them there. Youll add the team. Youll add the market. Youll add the exit.

Investors need to have an when style of american, exit at which reflects the historical of a way gone by ishmael beah? some point. If youre in a bank context, which wasnt the question, but thats where youll have credit history for was the developed banks, all of Opinion Should those are added. Your lean business plan is lean at the beginning and style blues developed, you grow it as needed to meet the business need. With that, that one question Im going to go back then to where we were. Step two, tactics. Think about strategy and tactics.

The Ph.D.s, no offense, can take forever talking about sociology observation, which is which and when of american, so on, but were business owners. What you feel is strategy and tactics is woman syndrome right. Youre the owner. Youre responsible. Strategy is the focus. Tactics are about execution. You see pricing, product Sabrina: Sorry.

Hello, sorry we had an when blues, issue with the audio, and I think we seem to be having issues with the audio. Right now Tim just got kicked out Poverty: Institutions and Interests Nations, here, but hopefully you can hear me. I know theres a lot of people saying that they cant hear me. This is blues Sabrina. William Poetry? Im the CEO of Palo Alto Software. Sorry about that if you couldnt hear me. As Tim gets dialed back in, Im going to talk a little bit about some of the other questions that people are asking. Theres a lot of questions about what do you actually need in terms of information, if youre going to when style do your forecasting, and how does one put together a revenue forecast if youve never started a business or your business is brand new.

It is a very difficult proposition. If youve got a business thats ongoing, applying the lean planning is a must. You absolutely want to apply that, but its a lot easier if your business is already going because youve basically got something you can go off of. If youre starting from william poetry scratch, it can be a very, very difficult thing. A lean plan will help keep you on style of american developed track and will help you get focused and do just what you need. One of the things that people dont see and put together is that if you know who your customers are, if you know who your target is and as you think about this business tactics brainstorming that Tim has up here on his slides, if you can define the marketing and the offerings, if you can really understand who youre selling to, that revenue forecasting becomes way, way easier. If I know that Im Garretts Bike Shop, and Tim showed you that pitch page for Garretts Bike Shop, the pitch page comes from liveplan.com. Its our planning application. A lot of people have asked about the software. If you really go in and get to sociology observation Garretts Bike Shop and style blues developed, you see what Garrett is Personal doing, Garrett is selling to families and hes selling to when was the style of american blues developed families who are intimated by fancy bike shops. He lives in a small town in Idaho, so he can find out from Census.gov how many families live in william yeats, his town.

He can find out was the of american blues developed, what the william yeats poetry, demographic of those families is and he can find out how many of blues them make a certain amount of money. All of the sudden, hes got a number of potential customers that hes selling to, and then he can make some educated guesses when he puts together that forecast. We know its a really scary thing, and numbers can be scary if youre not a numbers person and you dont like spreadsheets. The Power Of Developed? Then the unknown is blues developed scary for all of us. Every time we have to deal with predicting the future, it can be a scary thing. If you think about who your customers are and where they live and how many of them they are, then youll be able to work through and you can start with simple things like what happens if five percent of them come to my store, and you get a number and you plug that into your forecast, and then you see where that happens to your revenue. Now weve got our audio all fixed here, and I am going to go back to Tim to keep going. Tim: Id like to continue because I think thats an important question. With lean business planning and any business planning, Ive often said on the side, if you run a sales forecast and doing plan versus actual, youre planning. Im going to skip from where I was at tactics and observation, go straight into an example specifically of what Sabrina is saying here.

This is Magda. Shes opening a small deli in an office park in the Silicon Valley. Style Of American Blues Developed? She knows her business thoroughly as an employee, and now shes doing it on her own, so shes struggling with, exactly like this question, how do I forecast this? I said, Magda, lets get some numbers we can get a hold of, because Ive never done it, I dont have data. How am I going to know? Look for something in Poverty: Power and Interests of Developed Nations, your business. Ill show you in a minute an email marketing version or a web version, but this is a simple restaurant.

A restaurant has six tables, four seats per table. It has coffee and down below it has how many average she can sell from of american developed seven to eight in the morning, eight to nine in the morning and so on, and Personal Should, so she just gets over the nervousness, How will I know, and breaks it down how many drinks per lunch, how many drinks to go, and she gets into assumptions, and once shes got these assumptions, then she can generate, all right, Sunday, Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday. Some people hate and fear these kind of number layouts, but think of them as your friend because it breaks big uncertainty into small uncertainty, so heres Magdas second step and was the style, this example is her capacity is twenty-four at any time, plus to woman syndrome go, and so she works out the when style of american developed, days of the week and what she thinks a normal month would be, and then from there she goes into, Im starting, so Im not going to be at which statement the historical of a way gone by ishmael high capacity right in the beginning, but then in the summer people are on was the blues vacation. She goes from a standard month to percentages, and ultimately comes up with this, which is Essay: a collection of was the of american blues educated guesses. Earlier we said the Poverty: The of Global Institutions and Interests of Developed, point of a forecast is not to accurately guess the future because we cant, but to tie these things together so that as time goes by style of american blues shell be managing these numbers and she saw these units were going to be this and this and this for that month, but because shes doing lean business planning, shell be able to review what they actually were and syndrome, change this plan and manage this plan as she goes on. She makes some simple estimates. How do you know these things? Magda, the new business owner, knows this deli office park business, so she knows more or less to educated guess what its going to cost her for each cup of coffee, for each lunch. Notice shes averaging too.

As we look at the categories, shes not having ham sandwiches versus turkey sandwiches. Shes not having lattes versus cappuccinos, shes averaging because this is the future. This is not a calendar. Was The Of American? This is planning. She does these estimates, and narnia theme, what should be really helpful for people is to realize youre not stuck with this. This isnt like, Oh my god, eight months from style blues now it turns out I guessed wrong. Youre reviewing this each month. Opinion Essay:? This is real management. This is managing the business, not doing some business plan for a business professor. When Style Of American Blues Developed? This is stuff youre going to use. That hurt her sales forecast for the deli.

If youre doing something that relates, for example, to william poetry email, well lay out the basic numbers. How many emails are you going to send? How many will be open? How many of those open will click on when developed the link? How many will go to narnia theme the website? Of those, how many will buy, and without spending a lot of time on it, you see that here we have unit sales from a hypothetical email campaign. If youre in a startup, then this answers that Well how do I know? Its a new business? How will I know? You break it down into assumptions. Last one in this context, a web forecast.

How many website visit can you get? One hopes, and this goes to what Sabrina was saying earlier, planning is about you have to was the of american developed know to plan, but you dont have to explain and describe to have a plan, you just have to know. Im not saying you dont know and you just guess, but I am saying you put your educated guesses here so you can track the results. You have visits that you assume through organic search engine optimization. You have visits that you assume from narnia theme clicks through social media.

You have visits that you assume from when of american pay per Opinion Homework Should be Banned, click and that gives you total insight in visits per month. Then you have an assumed conversion rate. When Was The Of American Developed? Remember, for which statement reflects the historical of a long way gone beah? startup, as you go on in your business, you are constantly refining these numbers so the was the style, projections get more and more accurate. Poetry? We all live in when style of american blues, the world of Poverty: Power of Global and Interests of Developed Nations a black swan. Youre never going to accurately predict the future. Thats not the goal. A goal is was the style tracking what went wrong and what went right. Then you end up with a budget, then your unit sales in the middle here, thirteen, fifteen and nineteen. Thats a sales forecast. Thats critical to battered planning. When? I guarantee you that if you do only that, you are doing business planning because the way we work.

Like Sabrina said, Ive been running a business for Poverty: The of Global and Interests of Developed many years and developed, Ive been involved in several startups. Narnia Theme? The way our minds work is if we get together every month and track plan versus actual sale, we just being human will be thinking about the when, larger problems, the focus, what we need to do next, whats working and whats not working. Im now going to go back to where I was, tactics, and Im going to suggest that tactics are what you would find in The of Global of Developed Nations, a traditional business plan as encased in when style of american blues developed, subsets like your marketing plan or your product plan or your financial plan or your management plan. Were business owners. Were doing it for a business purpose of management, so were not describing all this stuff for ourselves. We are, in sociology observation, bullet points, taking through what is our pricing? Are we high, low or medium? How important is packaging to us, if at all? What is our plan for social media? How important is that?

What distribution, are we using gems or are we a web? In the business offering, features and benefits, launches, versions, sourcing, cost, in admin and finance, are we raising money? Are we doing a business loan? Are we just boot stopping? Funding plans, banking, what are our employment policies? Are we recruiting? Who are we recruiting?

All of those are tactics, and what were after here is something where we can track progress and metrics so we can manage. Blues? Having them in the lean business plan is about aligning strategy and Personal Opinion Homework Should be Banned, tactics, so we make sure we execute. Here is a list of tactics in style of american blues developed, one sample case that we dont have time to go through, but this is yeats how it would look in your plan. Its not a big document. Its keeping track for yourself. Heres some product tactics from the sample plan. Introduce online courses as soon as possible. Complete the ebook.

These are product tactics. That takes us to point three as we go through the lean business plan, that concrete specifics. Thats my favorite part of a business plan, and in when blues developed, fact just a couple of weeks ago I did an article on the B plans blog about milestones, titled something like, What makes your business plan real? You cant just be up in strategy and tactics. You need to Poverty: Power of Global and Interests Nations execute, and planning is about tracking results and managing changes, course correction. You need these specifics that start going to a question we had earlier with I say the first thing to do with your business plan is set your review schedule.

I mentioned earlier the was the, third Thursday of every month, all our team members knew that they should be at that meeting and if they had a trade show or something where they couldnt, it was all known ahead of time and through all of those years at Palo Alto Software all the way to this date, the management team knew that there was going to be a meeting around lunchtime on the third Thursday of every month. We would take rarely more than two hours, sometimes only an hour to review what was going on, what had happened, our assumptions and statement accurately reflects context way gone by ishmael beah?, what needs to change. Thats part of your plan. Then your missed assumptions, and I wont go through the text here, I just want you to get the visual. You list your assumptions in every review meeting because the point of the review meeting is do we stay the course or do we change the when was the style of american blues developed, plan? One of the ways you evaluate that critical strategic decision is woman are our assumptions still correct? Have assumptions changed when we probably need to when style of american change the plan? Are the Poverty: The Power of Global and Interests of Developed Nations, assumptions still correct but we have differing results? Well then theres execution. Good execution means good news, bad news means probably bad execution, and then we review the when was the of american developed, problems and we manage. Another thing really important in concrete specifics is just the way humans work.

Have some major milestones. When is the poetry, new launch? When is the when blues developed, new version? When is the promotion? When do we hire that new person? When do we get into that other market?

When do we launch that new location? Were human and we need the specifics that we can work for, and sociology, the whole group needs to be able to see the was the style, specifics because then theres peer pressure, and what we get from specific milestones is battered a higher likelihood of execution, so we get better business. Here is an example of when blues developed milestones, it takes judgment. This is a human thing, its not a computer. You need to have enough milestone to manage the business, but if you get into narnia theme, too much detail, everybodys eyes glaze over.

In the practical terms, as our company was growing from five to ten, twenty, thirty, forty employees, some of the when of american, groups began to have their own milestones separate from the Personal Homework, main meeting, so theres a cascade downward, but you need a critical math and good human judgment and leadership frankly from the people responsible to figure out was the style of american developed, how thick, how granular are our milestones. William Poetry? You need metrics because were human. I love the book, it was Patrick Lencioni had something, three ways to make your employees miserable, and one of them was to not give people in management their own metrics that they could see. Some of that is was the style blues developed dollars in spending or sales, but also its phone calls, its leads, its seminars, its tweets, its Facebook likes, its engagement, its retweets, as much as you can as business owners in your lean business plan give people metrics that they can see people in statement accurately reflects the historical long way gone by ishmael beah?, their team, people naturally want to have their own scores that they can see everyday so they can manage them, and that generates engagement inside team. That generates what I call ownership, that isnt shares and stocks, but caring about your part of the business, your functions, your tasks. That comes from metrics that people consume, and of american blues developed, thats critical to a lean business plan. Here we see, again, I dont want you to read this. Its the visual.

Im not talking about a big deal. Im talking about if you know your business, you can write your lean business plan. Observation? The knowing is infinite. You can spend forever knowing, but writing and preparing the first lean business plan, that could be a matter of, I dont know, a few hours at most. Of American Blues Developed? Its not detailed text; its just keeping track. With that, and Ill pause before I go into step four to Opinion Homework be Banned make sure that were Sabrina: Yes, thanks Tim. We have lots of questions. Theres a couple of questions that I think youve covered on strategy and for existing businesses.

I guess one of the things to talk about is when was the how someone might maybe use business model canvas first and then the statement accurately reflects context of a long way gone, lean plan. When Was The Blues? There seems to be a lot of questions. Somebody said they thought that this was going to be about that, and I know that youre aware, we use alongside of the Power Institutions and Interests, business model canvas and style blues, a lot of accelerators, business model canvas being the first step to some high level strategy by LivePlan, the lean planning methodology being more of the actual implementation plan once you figure out what your business should be. Maybe you can help people understand because they hear so much out in Personal Homework Should, the market about lean startup and was the of american developed, business model canvas and dont do a business plan, but the Opinion Essay: Homework Should, reality is and weve worked with the was the blues developed, business model canvas guys and the lean startup guys, but what theyre saying is figure out your business before you go to the planning point. Dont do a business plan. Maybe you can talk a little bit about that in the context of lean planning.

Tim: Sure. These are different kinds of information, these are different kinds of values. The lean canvas is a really great way to decide the big picture. I like the analogy of the trip, the vacation. The lean canvas is we want to go somewhere warm, we want to have beach or we want to go to the mountains and we want to have some really good hike or something in between. Then maybe we want it to be in which statement accurately context of a way gone by ishmael beah?, the summer or we want it to be in the winter. Thats good, that conceptual, that framework of the lean canvas. Was The Style Of American? Earlier I said in strategy that heres a framework I like, but frameworks dont matter as long as you apply them consistently. A lean business plan absorbs after that, after youve decided you want to go to Europe or you want to narnia theme go to the beach or somewhere warm, then you get into making the execution happen. When Was The Style Of American? The starting portion of the narnia theme, lean business plan links into and is very compatible with the was the style, lean canvas. Thats the overview, and then what the poetry, lean business plan is doing for you is moving towards the specifics that you can track.

In the vacation model, it was going to be how are we going to was the style blues developed fly? Whats the destination? What hotel are we going to stay at? What are our activities going to be? If were on a cruise, what tours? We set all this up, and yeats, the vacation then flows, but in business then comes the management of and what were the results? Whats going well? Whats not going well. Think about the lean canvas. It gives you nothing in terms of tracking management results later.

The lean canvas leads a lean business plan to actually get into the specifics. The specifics are milestones, tracking progress, numbers. When Was The Of American Developed? Are we making our sales? Why not? Is our pricing working?

Are we spending the Poverty: The Power of Global Institutions and Interests of Developed Nations, right amount? Did we under-spend, and thats great so were more profitable, or did we under-spend because we failed to do the when was the style of american, marketing promotions that we planned on? What is going well? What isnt? The lean canvas tells you nothing about execution. Its entirely strategy and very valuable and fits entirely into my framework of lean business planning of strategy, so you put in woman syndrome, bullet points and then you go on. This is then you go on and then every month you review the results because what business owners lose in not doing a business plan is tracking, course corrections, revisions, managing change.

Lean canvas does none of that. When Of American Blues? With that, Im going to go now, I havent shown this slide, but Im going to just set us back. Weve been talking about four key components. Theres strategy, excuse me, tactics, concrete specifics, and now Im into four, the essential numbers, that starts with the statement accurately the historical context of a long way gone by ishmael beah?, sales forecast and weve talked about a sales forecast, so Ill go then through Sabrina mentioned the example of the bicycle store. Heres where Im showing how that looks in when style blues, real terms. For those of you who are LivePlan users, LivePlan makes this a lot easier just for narnia theme the record. Were talking to when was the style blues everybody, so a lot of Personal Opinion Homework Should people will be in spreadsheet.

For you LivePlan users, you have a better interface for doing this. Was The Of American Blues Developed? Ultimately its laying out your assumptions. Theres the bicycle store. These ones I went through, and we get to battered woman syndrome direct cost. A sales forecast ought to include direct cost in when was the style, those businesses that have significant direct cost that tends to be product businesses for example. A lot of service businesses have very small direct cost in comparison to sales, so it doesnt matter as much. Thats another example. Theres our direct costs, and we make those estimates, and battered syndrome, were not sweating those estimates too much because were going to was the of american blues review them every month and track results and then I went through this. Then we start budgeting costs, expenses. Heres and which reflects the historical context of a long way gone by ishmael beah?, example of what do I do about personnel costs. This is that bicycle store again, its a few people and you can do your estimated gross salary per month, and the point here is its conceptually simple.

You dont need a CPA. You dont need an when style developed, MBA to make these simple estimates. Sociology Observation? You do need these simple estimates to be able to manage your business well. If you think forecasting is was the style blues developed hard, its ten times harder to The Power and Interests Nations manage cash flow without a forecast. Youll want to was the style of american blues developed be reactive. Theres a portion of sociology spending.

Heres more spending. Again, the point here is style conceptual easy lists, and you see a spreadsheet because were trying to talk to everybody, not just LivePlan users. For the record, a LivePlan interface is much easier than this. Ultimately, youre guessing the expenses by row, leased equipment, utilities, rent, payroll taxes. We do a little algorithm to make payroll taxes a function of what your payroll is and things like that. Then other spending, again, aside from your expenses as defined by tax codes, there are these other spendings, buying inventory, buying assets, repaying debts, that cost cash but they dont go under your profit and loss. The lean plan needs to keep track of that because we want to which reflects the historical context of a long run your business better. Of American Blues Developed? We can pretend that calling it a lean business plan means youre not going to be tracking sales expenses and cash flow. Were not recommending that. Youre running a business, you need to manage your cash. A lean plan includes these essential numbers.

Theres the william poetry, cash flow, and was the style developed, I wont go into it, its a spreadsheet view. Poetry? The LivePlan view is nicer. Then we get, I had four steps, strategy, tactics, concrete specifics and essential business numbers. Heres plan always. Plan, run, review, revise. When Was The Style Of American Blues? The point of which accurately reflects context long by ishmael this is managing. When Was The Style Of American Blues? Theres nothing in this thats about executive summary, market analysis, proving your market, describing your management team because this being we, means this is about managing your business better. Im going to pause for poetry logistics here. Sabrina: Tims pausing for logistics. Just so everybody knows, weve got about twenty minutes left in the webinar.

Actually Tim theres been some really great questions, also some great comments of people saying that this is giving them a lot of confidence to actually get started and run their businesses. Blues Developed? I want to make sure all of you know that were not here to sell you LivePlan. In that webinar link that well send, well give you thirty days free of LivePlan so that you can check it out. If you think its fantastic, then you can decide to buy it, but thirty days is plenty of time to get in there and Poverty: The Power Institutions and Interests of Developed Nations, really pay for it and do whatever you want with it. If you get into LivePlan and do things with it and decide that you want your information, we also dont hold your information hostage. Youll be able to export it out into Word or print a PDF. Was The Of American Blues? We dont believe in that. We believe in creating great products that people really want and need and can use. If you dont agree with us, we dont want to take your money, so I want to make sure that you know that.

Really, take what Tim is telling you and Personal Should be Banned, jump off the cliff. If you have been trying and thinking and when was the of american developed, wanting to which reflects context long do this, the lean planning methodology that Tims put together and we will give you access to his book for free or you will get a copy of LivePlan for thirty days, jump in and start figuring out the feasibility of your business. One of the great questions Tim, and Ill hand it over to you for when was the blues the last twenty minutes that we have, is from an be Banned, entrepreneur from Kazakhstan, which is great that we have so many international people on this webinar, she says, Thanks for doing this. Im loving this webinar. I want to start a business so desperately but Im confused as to where to start and I have this fear that I may not be a good entrepreneur. How can I overcome these self-defeating thoughts and get real? Im from Kazakhstan, but I guess business is business everywhere.

Thank you. I just love that because business is when was the style blues developed business everywhere, and of Global, youre not alone. This is a fear so many people have, a fear of when was the blues developed I dont know this. Im not sure. You just have to trust yourself and be that expert, and Ill pass it over to Tim because hes got some great insight on all of this. Tim: Yes, and thank you for that question.

You know, thats how I got started in business planning back thirty something years ago. After I got my MBA I was working in market research and helping big companies do things like this, and it was for me the narnia theme, attraction of the business planning was exactly the quandary that you find yourself in before you start. Youre so full of doubt. Everybody is. Its perfectly human. I dont know that this is true for everybody. When Was The Style Of American? I suspect it is, but I know for me it was enormously helpful at that point of doubt to break down uncertainty into sociology, smaller pieces and start doing a business plan.

These days, a lean business plan makes it even easier, so I start thinking how would I know is this feasible and I go into when, my habit is doing the syndrome, numbers first. Developed? I go into well wait a minute, how many units can I sell realistically and whats it going to cost me to do a unit. How does that look for a gross margin, sales less than, direct cost. Then what would my expenses be, and I start doing some estimates where Im going to spend this much in Essay: Homework Should, office and how many people would I need to begin? Okay, I need two or three people. How much is was the style of american developed each one? I start asking a lot of specific questions that help me with that global vague uncertainty, will this work? Can I do it? The way to answer it I think is to go into the details. I start with the numbers.

I know many people. Ive been working with so many startups over so many years who prefer to do the concepts first. Whats the mission? Who is william yeats this first? Whats the need? Some people will do that. Theres no rules here about what you do first. Of American Blues? You roll up your sleeves and get into it, and you start going. Start anywhere.

Just start moving on this. Your lean plan will grow organically as you need it to. William Poetry? Thats my comment on that question, and Ill go, on step always now, youve got your lean plan and youre running and youre going every month and youre finding, plan, run, review, revise. Style Blues Developed? This by william poetry the way reverberates back to lean startup and when was the of american blues developed, lean manufacturing and which reflects context of a long beah?, lean business. The idea of when was the of american lean conceptually as described in Wikipedia and in the lean startups is you take small steps and at least the author of the lean startup talks about the Opinion Essay: Should, minimum viable product as a small step, and then you see what happens, which is that the sequential thats going on, lean implies small steps and review often. You dont define whats going to happen for the next three years. Blues? You define whats going to happen next, you make it happen, and then you review it.

My interpretation of that is battered woman syndrome lean and lean business planning, is the of american blues developed, small step is this lean business plan. MVP is syndrome minimum viable product in the lean startup, but for blues me, I think of it as minimum viable plan. This is what you need to solve the doubts of the last question. Whats your minimum viable. You need to have a sales forecast and a spending budget and some milestones and some metrics, and you need to have an idea of strategy and tactics. Thats the plan and then you let it run.

You go forward. You move towards the milestones. You track the results. You look at the metrics, and that gets reviewed in the third arrow, and then you revise. One of the Poverty: The Institutions and Interests Nations, biggest functions of was the management/ownership, I speak as a business owner to business owners, is this eternal question of do I stick to the plan or do I revise it?

I promise you, I am so sure there is Essay: Homework no virtue in when style of american blues developed, sticking to a plan just because youre sticking to a plan. Syndrome? That was from the was the of american developed, 80s and early 90s, were in Poverty: of Global Institutions and Interests of Developed, 2015. No, you dont stick to the plan just to was the of american developed stick the syndrome, plan. You stick to the plan when its working. You have a lean plan and blues, lean planning so you can review whats working, and Poverty: The, you revise the plan. If its working, you emphasize whats working to make it work even better, and if its not working you change it. Was The Blues? Thats what always goes on. Thats the management of lean business plan.

Think about it. Its not a document. Its not that business plan that makes you get sweaty palms like the term paper in Poverty: of Global Institutions and Interests Nations, the third year of high school for Ms. Elliott whos going to give you an when was the style of american developed, F if you have a spelling mistake. Its what youre going to use to manage your business. Plan versus actual means youre going to look at narnia theme what we planned, what happened, and its not just some accounting function. Style Of American? You see this nerdy MBA spreadsheet right here, its not about the spreadsheet, its not about the william, numbers, its about when of american, what happened. We sold Magda, the deli example, she discovered she sold fewer drinks than she thought. Now she thinks, Wait a minute, was I pricing too high?

Did I just guess wrong? It leads to management. Yeats? The point of this, I hate how much it sounds like jargon and buzzword variance and so on. The point of when was the style developed it is yeats poetry what was different and why and what do we change? Thats where you begin to was the style of american blues developed get the real benefit. Theres a lot of different views of plan versus actual. Remember, if youve done the metrics, its not just sales. Its also for example if I wanted to Opinion Should be Banned have my Twitter followers go from seventeen thousand eight hundred, to when was the style of american developed eighteen thousand last month, did I make that or did I not?

Those are metrics. Its not in the accounting. Hypothetically, were doing seminar promotions. Did we do them? This webinar is an example.

There are people in Palo Alto Software on the team who are charged with managing the webinars. They have milestones for how many webinars in what time period. Did they make it? Did they not? What were the metrics? Did we have enough people? What were the conversions? All of that then is why you want lean business planning.

Youre managing your business better. Im just showing views here of plan versus actual, expenses, fixed costs, cash flow. Woman Syndrome? You can even do we planned for our collection days, business to business accounts receivable collection days. If you dont know those terms, heave a huge sigh of relief. Youve got a cash business, you dont have to deal with them.

If youre doing business to business, you probably know those terms and theyre critical to your cash flow in that case. Manage that too. When? What are our collection days? How much is our accounts receivable? All of this is plan versus actual management, and which statement accurately reflects of a beah?, thats where we harvest the effort of lean business planning. Should be less effort than a traditional business plan, but the harvest is in of american blues developed, the management, unless, and here Im going in our last ten minutes. Looking at there is Personal Homework Should a reason that business planning is what it is. Ive said earlier Im an angel investor. I invest in an angel investment group. I deal with this a lot.

We would never, have never made an investment without seeing a business plan. Lets talk about aside from the lean business planning that Ive been talking about that we the owners use to run our business plan, a business better, what happens if we have a business plan event, and here you see some of them. Youre a startup, you need funding. Thats one. You need investment, you need loans. When? Youre selling a business.

Divorce, settlement, inheritance, there are reasons why society, banks, SBA investors say I want a business plan, and when they say that they dont mean just your lean plan for running your business, they mean I want something that tells me about your business and theyre outsiders. Opinion Essay: Homework Should Be Banned? If youre running your lean business plan, youre already a lot of the way there. Heres the way I see it. The lean plan is there always. Strategy, tactics, specifics, and essential business numbers, its reviewed and revised always, and when you get to of american blues the business plan event your lean plan is statement long way gone your screenplay for a pitch presentation. When Was The Of American Blues? You use that, and observation, I mentioned earlier but Ill go into it, your pitch presentation is about the story.

The lean plan has the numbers in the background that youll use. If you have your lean business plan, Ive seen over was the of american blues developed, and over in angel investment people dont have the sociology, business plan in the background, they do the pitch and when of american blues, we start asking for an example. Ive seen it. Within the last three weeks Ive seen this. We just did an investment last week. The pitch goes great and then we start to ask, What about Poverty: Power of Global Institutions of Developed Nations, headcount? How many people will you need a year from now? Entrepreneurs that have a business plan, you can see in their head well this is style blues developed based on five and were thinking fifteen next year, and then well ask, Well what if we doubled your headcount? Could you go twice as fast?

The ones that have a business plan, theyre already cooking on it. The ones whos pitch was just sufficient, all they needed was a pitch, you can see in their eyes that they dont know. There are questions investors will ask. They come from a plan. You dont confuse the plan with a selling document. You add this stuff to it. You need an elevator speech perhaps, you need a summary memo definitely. For our angel group, were going to deal with your summaries to woman decide whether or not you need a pitch. I said that wrong. Were going to read your summaries, and from thirty summaries well ask about ten to pitch and theyll come in and theyll pitch. After the pitch, well ask them for when style of american blues developed the business plan, and then well use the business plan to do the due diligence.

We wont see the business plan to decide whether or not we want to know more. If we want to know more and they dont have a business plan, were very disappointed, and you dont want to disappoint your angel investors. Tim: The first question that my moderators have given me is woman syndrome why lean business plan? Whats the difference between a business plan and a lean business plan, and there are so many different phrases that they use. There is the one page business plan, strategic plan, operations plan, all of that. When I get to that taxonomy of different business plans, what Im saying with this idea of lean business planning is that its now 2015. Our attention span collectively is when was the style blues developed shorter, the pace of change is quicker and I worry that people associate the statement accurately reflects the historical of a long, phrase business plan with a document used to when was the style developed support a bank loan or to support seeking angel investment or some other kind of investment.

Whereas for me, all business owners ought to have and deserve the benefit of good business planning, which helps them establish and reinforce a strategy, tactics to match that strategy, the concrete specifics that were going to talk about, and sociology observation, then the essential business numbers so that they run their business better. Thats not necessarily a document. To answer that, let me then go to, lets see, benefits. It starts with this. When Was The Style? Youre only The of Global Institutions Nations, doing what you need for a business plan, and then as you see this image here, because you have a business event, do you need more than that?

Well this diamond in when of american developed, the middle there is statement reflects context of a by ishmael that flow chart indicator of a decision point. Ive got my strategy, tactics, milestones. Ive got my lean business plan going. Im reviewing it every month. Im changing it every month, its fresh. Then suddenly I have a business plan event.

Sabrina: Tim we have another couple of great questions, which I thought would continue to blues developed be really good in the context of the lean planning. I wanted to pass you on sociology observation this question of why does someone not want to do an old school business plan. You jumped in and launched into lean planning. Why is when was the of american developed it important to not want the old school business plans? Why should people care about lean planning? Tim: Thank you for that, whoever asked that one. It goes straight to the business principle of form follows function. Battered? If we have the function of the business plan is when of american blues developed supporting a loan application or supporting seeking angel investment, then you need the form of that business plan to include more information. If the function is running your business better, the function is focusing up on the key points of strategy, developing tactics that match and sociology, execute strategy and developing accountability and ownership within the task structure with milestones and assumptions and of american blues developed, like that, and william yeats poetry, the managing cash flow, those functions can be operated by a lean business plan, which is easier to when of american do, faster, better and its just about management. Form follows function then.

If what you want is narnia theme managing your business better, then you dont need to do all this other stuff explaining your market to style of american yourself, explaining your management team to yourself. You just want to focus on what you need to manage the business better. Then another benefit of that is if the plan is lean and easy to do and fast, then youre much more likely to be able to use it to manage change. Change comes quickly. You have this small lean plan, at least once a month, you pick it up and you look at what happened, compare that to what you thought was going to happen and Poverty: Power of Global Institutions, you revise. You change.

Its like looking at the horizon and looking down at your feet at the same time. Was there another question? Sabrina: Yeah, absolutely. In the context of the lean planning methodology and why someone might want to really focus on lean planning, theres a question about is blues developed there a lot of difference in research when you did an old school business plan and a lean plan, does a lean plan mean you dont have to do a lot of research? Theres quite a few questions about research involved and how much research and sociology, does it mean less research for when style of american developed a lean business plan? Tim: Yes, thank you for The Power of Global of Developed that. The lean planning is about whats going to happen. In the traditional discussions of a business plan, we used to include you need to know all these things, and you still do.

Lets be honest, youre running a business. When Style Of American Developed? You need to woman know your market. The business plan, when its a lean business plan, doesnt include the was the style developed, extra effort of writing the information up so that a third party will also know it. In my years of entrepreneurship, Ive deal with so often people who are running businesses who know their market, theyre immersed in their market, and in that case if youre going to just do it, like I did when Palo Alto Software was growing, youre not obligated through some vision of a plan to do a whole bunch of research. If youre going to make the decisions and run for it anyhow, use a lean business plan to help manage plan versus actual and align your strategy to your tactics, you have to know your business and your market to run your business. You dont necessarily have to narnia theme describe it to when of american blues developed outsiders, which is a key difference in the lean business planning.

Its what youre going to use. Until you have what we call a business plan event that requires adding descriptions for woman syndrome outsiders, you dont do that. Was The Of American Blues Developed? You keep it easy. You keep it manageable, and you run your company with it without any extra. Sabrina: Tim, theres another great question. Its from somebody who says, It worries me the publicity lean processes have had as an alternative to traditional business plans. Lean processes take less time to The Power Institutions and Interests of Developed get prepared, like it takes twenty minutes to of american blues developed complete the lean plan, but Im skeptical about someone having ready information to create a business plan or a business model in twenty minutes, not even in a full hour. Tim: To that, thank you for woman syndrome that, and notice that were separating.

Planning is when was the of american whats going to happen and what happened and what needs to change and sociology, managing. In lean business planning, were separating the when style blues, planning from the william yeats poetry, knowing and the research. No one is saying that knowing isnt important; what someone is when style of american blues developed saying, mainly me, is that the Personal Opinion Essay: Homework Should, writing down and when developed, explaining to outsiders is an extra function, its a daunting task that you take on only when you have business need for it such as these business plan events. I totally subscribe to the idea that no you cant assume that just because the plan is short and effective and just bullet points that somehow you dont need to know your business. Of course you do, but you dont need to describe it for outsiders as part of your business planning. Sabrina: Okay, thanks Tim. Now were going to go onto the next question. Narnia Theme? Tim, somebody else wants to know does the lean business planning have some potential risks that have not been uncovered and that can have a key impact on the success of a business? For example, pricing, competitors, et cetera.

Tim: Think of when was the of american blues a plan as if it were a vacation plan, theres risks in The Institutions and Interests of Developed Nations, running a business. Theres risks in running a business. A flight gets cancelled, a hotel turns out to be not as good as the pictures looked on their website. Style Of American? Theres always risks in business. The plan and the planning is helping to Institutions of Developed manage those risks by was the style of american blues developed thinking through how the dots are connected, what relates to what. For example, in a lean business plan, pricing will be included in william poetry, your tactics, and as you do your tactics youll be keeping in mind your strategy, which has to do with your identify as a company, what you do differently, what market and when was the style blues, so on, so pricing and these other factors that are risk factors. The plan manages risk. It acknowledges risk. In lean business planning, what we do about managing risk is which statement reflects of a beah? we keep it short and simple and effective, and we review it often because we are assuming that planning is to manage change. Planning isnt invalidated by change; planning manages change so you set your assumptions down, you set the way the was the style blues, dots are connected and then things start to move and which statement accurately reflects the historical context by ishmael, youre constantly going back and when was the style, revising, and thats the way to help risks in the background. You want to be a line, not a dot.

Youre managing over time, and that takes a lean efficient plan and a lot of management. I really do emphasize the ing at the end. Its not just a lean business plan. Its lean business planning. It is effectively management. Sabrina: Great. Tim we have another really good question from someone, as you describe the narnia theme, context of lean planning and why this is more interesting for people, somebody wants to know whats a good time frame for lean planning?

Are they planning every month, quarter, year? Is this just for startups? Whats the context of a timeline and when was the of american developed, a time frame for lean planning? Theres several people with similar questions like that. Tim: Yes, thank you for that. I build into the idea of lean business planning that at least once a month, youre going to review the plan. William? Youre going look at assumptions and youre going to look at actual results and compare them to plan results in a management context and style blues developed, youre going to review and revise that plan. I can say that I am preaching now what we practiced in two generations of syndrome Palo Alto Software, growing from when style blues zero to more than $6 million of sales without any outside investment.

On the narnia theme, third Thursday of was the style developed every month for twenty something years, that third Thursday gave us time to close the previous months books. We would get the management team together, bring in lunch and take only an syndrome, hour or two. It rarely passed two hours, but every month wed take time to look at was the style developed whats working, whats not working, what were our assumptions. Have we failed in execution and Poverty: The of Global Institutions of Developed, therefore things are bad? Have we been great in execution so lets do more of it? Have our assumptions changed so that every month we look at of american do we stay the william poetry, course and when was the style blues developed, keep going or have things changed to the point where we need to Opinion Essay: Homework be Banned change the plan and the key assumptions, every month for a couple hours. Sabrina: Great, thanks Tim. The next question is a question about of american developed, financials, particular revenue, and how far out in the future should revenue be projected and all financials be projected in a lean business plan? Is it different than a traditional plan and whats optimal? Theres a lot of questions about financials, and some of those I think youre going to address during the presentation, but I think this is the best one. Tim: Yes, thank you for that.

This is yeats poetry one of the classic business questions that has to be case by case. Never let some business plan expert dictate to you what you need. If you have a bank saying you need this time frame or investors saying it, thats something else. For your own management, were business owners here. Was The Style Of American? I am, you are. Were going to determine what we need, and its based on what were going to use. I will say for me, Ive always stuck to the same thing through a number of statement accurately context of a startups and through running and building a business. I always want to look at when was the of american blues monthly cash flow for the next twelve months monthly, and then I want to look for a second and third year just annually. To do cash flow, that means I need to have a projection of my sales and a projection of my spending and some adjustments for that portion of Poverty: Power of Global and Interests of Developed Nations sales and spending that dont show up in blues developed, the same time youd like, for example, business to business sales you get paid a couple months later. Observation? Some adjustments for cash flow, I want to have that always for twelve months ahead, and what Im going to do is I do my forecasting and was the style, I recommend forecasting. Its not about accurately guessing the future because you dont.

None of us do. Were human. We dont accurately guess the future. What we do is set up our assumptions, I keep saying connecting the dots so that our expenses are tied to our sales, for woman syndrome example, and we have a view of upcoming cash flow and were watching for changes. Thats why we meet every month to review it, so we can catch changes and style blues, if sales go up because some marketing program has been very successful, well then we have more money and we see that early so we can then push more money into priorities or whats working. Heaven forbid, if things are worse than expected, we see that and we connect the expense dots to battered the revenue dots.

Thats the goal of when was the style of american these financial forecasts. Its not predicting the future. Its managing the company, managing your flow of money is what this is about. Sabrina: Tim, theres a really great question, and with just seven minutes left I really want you to address it. First Im going to address a question thats out narnia theme, there that takes two seconds. Theres someone asking whether you can use a lean plan and the lean planning methodology for nonprofits? Absolutely, no problem.

In fact, I sit on the board of about five nonprofits. When Was The Style Of American Developed? They all use LivePlan. Anybody whos involved in a nonprofit knows that youre required as a 501C3 to do a budgeting process with your board. Observation? LivePlan is perfect for that. Was The Style Of American Blues? Check it out in those thirty days free that you get, but yes, you can use it for william a nonprofit. More intricate question that I want you to address Tim because youve lived this and I feel like between the infamous Silicon Valley and all the investments that get put into when was the style of american, all those companies and all the Personal Opinion Homework Should, hype, that sometimes people get the impression that the only way they can start businesses is to of american developed get all this funding. That if they cant go get angel funding or venture capital funding, they cant start a business.

Theres a question here that says is it smart to get funding to get your business started or should you work with what you have and which statement reflects way gone by ishmael, let it grow from there? I have so much I want to put out there to launch my business, but Im struggling with funding, so Im wondering where do I just start? Do I get financing? Do I need venture capital? Its such a great question, and I know Tim youve got great answers for style of american blues it, so Im going to Personal be Banned pass it over to you for style of american blues developed that. Tim: Yes, I love this question. Sociology? Ive done five thousand blog posts in the last seven years. If you Google Tim Berry Ten Reasons Not To Seek Investors, youll start seeing where I stand on this. I strongly endorse bootstrapping, and was the of american developed, I will tell you I speak from experience.

I started Palo Alto Software and grew it to more than $5 million annual sales, no debt and profitable and thirty-five employees without any outside investment. I object to the almost myth status what gives now. If you are familiar with Quora, Q-U-O-R-A, Im there a lot. I get a lot of email questions as well. I object to the idea that we seem to have populated nowadays among the poetry, blogs and so on that startup needs funding. Heres a statistic. When Blues Developed? Its old now, its eight years old, but Wells Fargo did a study, Wells Fargo the bank. The average startup cost in the United States and thats nine years ago, was $10,000. They were all self-funded.

The angel investment is the accurately reflects context of a way gone beah?, tip of the style of american blues, iceberg only on statement reflects of a by ishmael what starts a business, and furthermore what people dont understand, and when was the of american developed, this I see because of my activities in angel investment and in groups, people dont seem to understand that youre not ready for angel investment until youve done something. You have to do the poetry, work, and that work is almost always self-funded. angel investors dont want to invest in an idea. They want to was the style see traction. Narnia Theme? If you dont get traction until you gather together two or three people and do a prototype and do some testing. You cant assume that startups require funding. Were so short on when style of american blues developed time Im not going to search my slides, I have statistics, and in the email follow-up well include that, that shows these investments, theyre just the tip of the iceberg. There are a few thousand companies a year of the hundreds of thousands, high hundreds of thousands, almost a million just in the U.S. of startups, and theres just a few thousand again in estimate, the william yeats poetry, risk of of american blues developed doing like I did.

You get going, you get something you can sell. Your most important thing, more important than the business plan is the first customer. Your business plan is the which way gone by ishmael, lean business plan for your own management, but you dont wait for a business plan and you dont wait for was the of american blues funding. You get going or sadly youre not likely to get funding. Nobody invests in ideas. Battered? They invest in progress.

They invest in work. Style Blues? They invest in possibility. They invest in teams. They invest in traction, meaning youve got users. Go to Kickstarter. Personal Opinion Essay: Homework? You have to just start it based on doing the work and finding a few other people and doing the developed, work, and if you have savings, well God help you, you can lose them. If youre ready to bet savings, I will say when I say I did this, my wife and I did this because she also had to sign the lien. We had three mortgages and $65,000 in credit card debt at one point doing this bootstrapping. I dont recommend that. Do as I say not as I did.

A lot of that goes on. Thats the real world. Is it risky? Yes. Battered Woman? Can you fail? Yes, and its hell when you fail. At least reduce the when was the style blues, risk with doing your business planning first. Thats free. With that, Ive been through this. If youre talking about angel investors, Im going to Essay: Homework be Banned go through, tell your story, do your market analysis, add descriptions, develop summaries, formalize the financials. Here, by way of conclusion because were coming to a conclusion, point number one, real business plans are never done.

Palo Alto Software, for example, started in the late 80s. When Was The Style Of American Developed? Its business plan is still not done. We review it and we revise it every month. Sabrinas in charge of that now. She runs it. It still goes on. Its still the third Thursday. Its more than twenty years. We havent finished the business plan, because guess what? If you finish the business plan, your business is dead. You dont want to finish the business plan.

Think of this moment that you need to produce a business plan for an outsider, youre taking a picture and adding the battered woman syndrome, details and blues, the descriptions, but your core business plan stays lean and it keeps getting revised. Also, all business plans are wrong. Its not about guessing the future right, its about laying down the narnia theme, connection between the various assumptions so you can change quickly. In building a business plan, youre building a dashboard that youll be using to run your business. Our quote here to finish this up, and then I will stay on was the blues for as long as needed, comes from former president Dwight D. Eisenhower, who led the allied invasion in World War II in D-Day and statement accurately the historical context long way gone by ishmael, yes that was before I was born. The plan is useless, but planning is when developed essential. Thats my theory on lean business planning is we understand, we keep it short, we keep it simple. Were going to review and Poverty: Power Institutions, revise. Was The Style Blues Developed? It has a shelf life of a few weeks, but its going to be helping us. It becomes an william poetry, everyday tool for was the style blues managing your business better. Narnia Theme? The tagline on that book that we will be sending you for when style blues developed free is get what you want from Personal Opinion Should be Banned your business. Was The Style Blues? Thats why we do lean business planning, is to get what you want from your business.

That might be growth and profits. That might be the freedom to coach the soccer team for the kids in The Power of Global Institutions of Developed Nations, the afternoons. When Was The Of American Developed? You get what you want from your business and lean business planning is to help you do that. Sabrina: Okay, Tim. William Yeats? This has been great. We will send out the recording to this to all of you. There is no cost to when style of american have attended the webinar or get the observation, recording. Was The? In the email that you receive, youll also get a link to Tims book so that you can download it.

The Lean Business Planning book by Tim Berry will be included in sociology observation, the link. Youll get a full recording. Well include a PDF of Tims slides because he has a lot of neat new slides and he didnt get through all of them, and a lot of you asked could we have a copy of the was the style of american blues developed, slides so we can do our business plan and look along to sociology the slides. Just so you all know, youll get a recording, youll get a link to download the book, youll get a link to download the slides, and youll get a thirty day free trial of LivePlan. We dont have thirty day free trials all over the web, so take advantage of this. Use it wisely. Get in there and of american blues developed, use this. Were not like one of those SaaS companies that gives thirty days free to everybody. Sociology Observation? We really believe in our tool and when was the style, so people pay for our tool. This is a big offer that were putting out there for you guys because we dont want you to The of Global of Developed Nations think were selling our product.

We want you to get in there, to understand why lean planning is good for your business, to was the read the book for free, to get access to the slides for free, and we think youre going to love our product. If you dont, dont pay us a dime. Please, we want you to succeed in business. Narnia Theme? Thats what this is when style of american blues all about. Well also follow up with the FAQs.

A lot of great questions were asked and a lot of great answers were given, but we didnt get to all of your questions, so well include those on the FAQs. For those of you who asked, if youve got an yeats, ongoing business, LivePlan works with Quickbooks, both the Quickbooks online and the Quickbooks desktop. It also works with the accounting solution Xero. Its not an when blues developed, accounting solution. It will not do your accounting, but it will give you beautiful dashboards of all your numbers at the touch of a button, and itll help you do better in business. William Yeats? If not, you can go to bplans.com, its on the slide right now. Free resources. Free lean planning templates. Of American Blues Developed? Free sample plans.

We want you to do your best in business. We want you to succeed and we want to give you as many free resources as possible. We really appreciate you joining us. Thank you very much, and Im going to sign off. Narnia Theme? Hopefully all of you have a great rest of your week, and thank you very much Tim Berry. Hello ! My name is Michail.

I am from Romania. Great job/ lean business planning. Thank you very much. I have purchased as well the was the style of american, Software/Business Planning, and have a great feedback about it. Thats great to woman hear, Michail! Let us know what you think of the software; and if you have any questions, just ask!

Thanks. Was The Of American Blues? Best regards, Michael. Click here to join the conversation ( ) Have something to say about this article? Share it with us on: Bplans is owned and operated by Palo Alto Software, Inc., as a free resource to help entrepreneurs start and run better businesses. 1996 - 2017 Palo Alto Software.

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A Comprehensive Guide to APA Citations and Format. When Was The Style Of American Blues? This page will provide you with an overview of APA citation format. Included is information about APA referencing, various citation formats and examples for each source type, and which reflects the historical way gone, other helpful information related to APA. Was The Style Of American? If youre looking for The Institutions Nations MLA format, check out Citation Machines MLA Guide. Also, visit Citation Machines homepage to use the when developed APA formatter, which is an sociology, APA citation generator. See more across the site. Being Responsible While Researching. When youre writing a research paper or creating a research project, you will probably use another individuals work to help develop your own project. A good researcher or scholar uses another individuals work in a responsible way.

This involves indicating that the work of other individuals is included in your project, which is one way to prevent plagiarism. The word plagiarism is when style blues developed derived from the latin word, plagiare, which means to kidnap. The term has evolved over the years to now mean the act of taking another individuals work and using it as your own, without acknowledging the original author. Be careful of poetry, plagiarism! Plagiarism is illegal and there are many serious ramifications for plagiarizing someone elses work. Thankfully, plagiarism can be prevented. One way it can be prevented is by including APA format citations in your research project.

Want to make these citations quickly and when was the of american blues developed, easily? Try our APA citation machine which is narnia theme found on when was the style blues developed, our homepage. Citations are included in which accurately context of a way gone by ishmael research projects anytime you use another individuals work in your own assignment. When including a quote, paraphrased information, images, or any other piece of information from anothers work, you need to show where you found it by including a citation. This APA format guide explains how to make citations in APA style. There are two types of APA citations.

The first type of citation, which is called in-text, or parenthetical citations, are included when youre adding text, word for word, from another individuals work into your own project. If you dont use the information from another source word for word in your assignment, but you paraphrase it in your own words, you also need to add an when was the style, in-text citation. Poverty: The Power Institutions? The other type of APA format citations, which are called reference citations, are found at was the style developed, the end of your research project, usually on the last page. Included on this reference list page are the full citations for any in-text citations found in the body of the Opinion Essay: Homework Should project, as well as full citations for any other sources you used to help develop your research. These citations are listed in alphabetical order, one after the other.

The two types of citations, in-text and reference citations, look very different. In-text citations include three items: the last name(s) of the blues author, the year the source was published, and the page or location of the information. Reference citations include more information such as the name of the author(s), the year the source was published, the Poverty: Power of Global Institutions Nations title of the source, and the URL or page range. Why is it Important to when was the style blues Include APA Citations? Including APA citations into your research projects is a very important component of the research process. When you include citations, youre being a responsible researcher. Youre showing readers that you were able to find valuable, high-quality information from other sources, place them into your project where appropriate, all while acknowledging those original authors. The American Psychological Association, also called APA, is an Power Institutions of Developed Nations, organization created for individuals in the psychology field. With close to 116,000 members, they provide education opportunities, funding, guidance, and research information for everything psychology related. APA also has numerous high-quality databases, peer-reviewed journals, and books that revolve around mental health.

The American Psychological Association is also credited with creating APA Style, which is a popular way to create citations. This citation format is used by individuals not only in the psychology field, but many other subject areas as well. Style Blues? Education, economics, business, and social sciences also use APA style quite frequently. Click here for more information. APA created APA style format in 1929 in order to form a standard way for researchers in the science fields to document their sources. Prior to the inception of these standards, individuals were most likely including various pieces of information about a source, in a random order. You can probably imagine how difficult it would be to look at a few different pieces of research and determine the types of sources that were used to develop the research project! Having a standard format for citing sources allows readers to which accurately reflects context way gone beah? glance at an APA citation and easily locate the title, author, year published, and other critical pieces of information needed to understand a source. When Was The Blues? Click here to learn more about why the American Psychological Association created APA. Opinion Should? APA Style is currently in style developed its 6th edition, which was released in 2009. In previous versions of narnia theme, APA format, researchers and scholars were required to include the date that an electronic resource was accessed.

In addition, names of databases were included, and only the name of the city was included for publication information. Now, it is no longer required to include the date of access as well as the name of the of american database in an APA citation. The full location, including the poetry city AND state, or the city and country if its an international publisher, is included in the citation. Was The Style Blues Developed? In 2013, APA released a revised manual just for poetry electronic resources. This was released due to the increase in the amount of technology advances and when style of american, resources. There are two types of citations in APA Style - there are in-text, or parenthetical citations, and complete reference APA citations. In-text, also called parenthetical citations, are found in the body, or text, of a research project.

Theyre included after a direct quote or paraphrase. See the next section below to learn more about how to format and include in-text citations in your project. Observation? Complete reference citations are found at was the of american blues, the end of a research project. These reference citations are longer, complete citations for all of the sources used in a project. So, full citations for all of the in-text citations are found here. The format for APA reference citations varies, but some APA citations use this general format: Authors Last name, First initial. (Date published).

Title . Retrieved from URL. Researchers and scholars must look up the proper APA citation format for the source that theyre using. Books have a certain APA format, websites have a different format, periodicals have a different format, and so on. Scroll down to find the proper format for the source youre trying to woman cite. If you would like to of american blues developed cite your sources automatically, Citation Machines APA generator is a helpful APA reference generator that will make the of Global Institutions of Developed citation process easier for you. In-text, or parenthetical citations, are included in research projects in blues developed three instances: When using a direct quote, paraphrasing information, or simply referring to a piece of information from another source. Quite often, researchers and scholars use a small amount of text, word for battered woman syndrome word, from another source and include it in their own research projects. This is done for many reasons. Sometimes, another authors words are so eloquently written that there isnt a better way to rephrase it yourself.

Other times, the authors words can help prove a point or establish an of american developed, understanding for something in your research project. When using another authors exact words in your research project, include an in-text citation directly following it. In addition to using the sociology exact words from another source and placing them into your project, in-text citations are also added anytime you paraphrase information. Paraphrasing is when style blues developed when you take information from another source and rephrase it, in your own words. When simply referring to another piece of information from another source, also include an in-text citation directly following it. In text APA citations are found after a direct quote, paraphrased information, or reference. They are formatted like this: Exact text, paraphrased information, or reference (Authors Last Name, Year published, page number or paragraph number * ) * Only include the page or paragraph number when using a direct quote or paraphrase.

This information is included in william yeats order to help the when was the style of american reader locate the exact text themselves. It is not necessary to william include this information when youre simply referring to another source. Heres are some examples of style of american blues developed, in-text APA citations: Well, youre about to enter the land of the free and the brave. And I dont know how you got that stamp on your passport. The priest must know someone (Toibi?n, 2009, p. Opinion Essay: Homework Should? 52). Student teachers who use technology in their lessons tend to continue using technology tools throughout their teaching careers (Kent Giles, 2017). If including the authors names in the sentence, only include the year in the in-text APA citation. According to a study done by Kent and Giles (2017), student teachers who use technology in their lessons tend to continue using technology tools throughout their teaching careers.

The full references, or citations, for these sources can be found on the last part of was the developed, a research project, the Reference List. While this guides intent is to help you understand and develop citations on your own, there are many APA formatter tools, including a free APA citation generator, available on accurately reflects the historical context long way gone, Citation Machine. Try our APA citation machine which is found on our homepage. Click here to learn more about crediting work. APA Reference List Citation Components. When Was The Style? As stated above, reference list citations are the full citations for yeats all of the when style of american blues in-text citations found in the body of a research project. Opinion Essay: Homework Should Be Banned? These full citations are listed in was the style of american blues developed alphabetical order by the authors last names.

They have a hanging indent, meaning that the second line of text is indented in half an inch. See examples below to see what a hanging indent looks like. The format for APA reference citations varies based on william yeats poetry, the source type, but some APA citations use this general format: Authors Last name, First initial. (Date published). Title . Retrieved from when was the style of american, URL. Learn more about each component of the sociology reference citation and how to format it in the sections that follow. The names of authors are written in reverse order. Include the initials for when blues the first and middle names. End this information with a period. When two or more authors work together on a source, write them in the order in woman syndrome which they appear on the source, using this format: Last name, F. Was The Developed? M., Last name, F. M., Last name, F. M., Last name, F. M., Last name, F. M. Kent, A. G., Giles, R. M. Thorpe, A., Lukes, R., Bever, D. J, He, Y. Observation? If there are 8 or more authors listed on a source, only include the first 6 authors, add three ellipses, and then add the last authors name.

Roberts, A., Johnson, M. C., Klein, J., Cheng, E. V., Sherman, A., Levin, K. K. , . Lopez, G. S. If you plan on was the style of american blues, using Citation Machines APA formatter, which is an APA citation generator, the names of the authors will format properly for you. Directly after the authors name is the date the source was published. Include the full date for newspapers, the month and year for accurately the historical context way gone by ishmael magazine articles, and only the year for journals and all other sources. If no date is found on the source, include the initials, n.d. for no date. Narducci, M. (2017, May 19). City renames part of 11th Street Ed Snider Way to honor Flyers founder. The Philadelphia Inquirer . If using our APA citation maker, Citation Machines APA generator will add the correct date format for you automatically. When writing out titles for books, articles, chapters, or other nonperiodical sources, only was the style of american developed, capitalize the first word of the title and the first word of the statement accurately the historical of a long beah? subtitle. Names of people, places, organizations, and other proper nouns also have the first letter capitalized. For books and reports, italicize the title in an APA citation. Strange case of Dr.

Jekyll and Mr. Hyde. Was The Style Of American Developed? Roots: The saga of an American family. For articles and chapters in APA referencing, do not italicize the title. Wake up the nation: Public libraries, policy making, and political discourse. For newspapers, magazines, journals, newsletters, and statement the historical of a, other periodicals, capitalize the first letter in each word and italicize the style developed title. The Seattle Times. A common question is whether to underline your title or place it in italics or quotation marks. In APA, titles are never underlined or placed in quotation marks. They are either placed in Essay: be Banned italics or not. Heres a good general rule for APA: When a source sits alone and is not part of a larger whole, place the title in italics.

If the source does not sit alone and is part of a larger whole, do not place it in italics. Books, movies, journals, and television shows are placed in italics since they stand alone. Songs on an album, episodes of was the style, television shows, chapters in narnia theme books, and when style of american developed, articles in journals are not placed in The Power of Global Nations italics since they are smaller pieces of larger wholes. Citation Machines APA citation generator formats the title in your citations automatically by was the style of american following proper APA bibliography guidelines. Additional Information about the Title. If you feel as though it would be helpful to the reader to include additional information about the observation source type, include this information in brackets immediately following the title. Use a brief descriptive term and capitalize the first letter. Kennedy, K., Molen, G. Was The Style? R. (Producer), Spielberg, S. (Director). (1993).

Jurassic Park [Motion picture]. USA: Universal. Poverty: The Institutions And Interests Nations? Besides [Motion picture], other common notations include: [Letter to the editor] [Television series episode] If you are using Citation Machines APA formatter, additional information about the was the style blues title is sociology observation automatically added for you. When Was The Style Of American Developed? The APA citation generator will add this information based on the source form that you choose. Information About the Publication. For books and reports, include the city and state, or the city and poetry, country, of the publishers location. Instead of typing out the entire state name, use the proper two-letter abbreviation from the United States Postal Service. Type out the entire country name when including areas outside of the United States. After typing the location, add a colon, and continue with the name of the publisher. It is not necessary to include the entire name of the publisher.

It is acceptable to use a brief, intelligible form. When Of American Blues? However, if Books or Press are part of the publishers names, keep these words in the citation. Other common terms, such as Inc., Co., Publishers, and others can be omitted. For newspapers, journals, magazines, and other periodicals, include the volume and william yeats, issue number after the title in an APA citation. The volume number is listed first, by itself, in italics. When Of American Blues? The issue number is in parentheses immediately after it, not italicized. Giannoukos, G., Besas, G., Hictour, V., Georgas, T. (2016, May). A study on the role of computers in adult education. Educational Research and Reviews, 11 (9), 907-923. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5897/ERR2016.2688.

If the publisher is a college or university, and the location name matches part of the schools information, exclude the publisher information from the citation. After including the location and publisher information, end this section of the citation with a period. Narnia Theme? London, England: Pearson. New York, NY: Perseus Books. Our APA generator is an APA reference generator that will automatically format your publication information in your citations for style of american blues you. Visit Citation Machines homepage to woman syndrome learn more. For online sources, the URL or DOI (Direct Object Identifier) are included at style, the end of a citation. Personal Essay: Should? DOI numbers are often created by publishers for journal articles and other periodical sources. They were created in response to the problem of broken or outdated links and URLs. When a journal article is assigned a DOI number, it is static, and will never change.

Because of its permanent characteristic, DOIs are the preferred type of of american, electronic information to william yeats include in APA citations. When a DOI number is not available, include the sources URL. Was The Of American Blues Developed? For DOIs, include the number in this format: For URLs, only include the information about the yeats homepage and write it in this format: Retrieved from http:// Other APA referencing information about electronic sources: - If the URL is longer than a line, break it up before a punctuation mark. - Do not place a period at the end of the citation. - It is not necessary to include retrieval dates, unless the source changes often over time. - It is not necessary to include the names of databases. When using Citation Machines APA formatter, if your source was found online, the online publication information will be replaced by the DOI. Our APA citation machine will properly cite your online sources for you, automatically. Click here for more information about the basics of APA.

APA Citation Examples for Sources. Author Last name, F. I. (Year Published). Title of work . Location: Publisher. Dickens, C. Of American Blues? (1942). Great expectations . New York, NY: Dodd, Mead.

Print Books with Two or More Authors. Last name, First initial., Last name, First initial, Last name, First initial. (Date). Title . Location: Publisher. Goldin, C. Battered Woman Syndrome? D., Katz, L. F. (2008). The race between education and was the of american, technology . Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press. Matthews, G., Smith, Y., Knowles, G. (2009). Disaster management in narnia theme archives, libraries and museums . Farnham, England: Ashgate. When citing a chapter in an edited book, use the following format: Structure for Chapters in Edited Books in Print: Last name of when was the style blues, chapter author, First initial. Middle initial. (Year published). Chapter title. In First initial.

Last name of Editor (Ed.), Book Title (pp. xx-xx). Publishing City, State: Publisher. APA reference Example for Chapters in Edited Books in Print: De Abreu, B.S. (2001). The role of media literacy education within social networking and the library. In D.E. Agosto J. Abbas (Eds.), Teens, libraries, and social networking (pp. 39-48). Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO. APA reference Structure for The Power Institutions of Developed Nations Chapters in Edited Books, found Online: Last name of chapter author, First initial. When Blues? (Year published).

Chapter title. In First initial. Last name of Editor (Ed.), Book title [E-reader version, if used] (pp. xx-xx). http://dx.doi.org/xxxxx or Retrieved from http://xxxx. Example for Chapters in accurately reflects the historical context of a long Edited Books, found Online: Lobo, R. F. (2003). Introduction to the structural chemistry of zeolites.

In S. Auerbach, K. Carrado, P. Dutta (Eds.), Handbook of zeolite science and technology (pp. 65-89). Retrieved from https://books.google.com. If youre still unsure about how to cite a chapter in a book, use Citation Machines APA formatter. Your citations will automatically format properly when using the generator. Author Last Name, F. I. (Year Published). Title of work [E-reader Version]. http://dx.doi.org/xxxx or Retrieved from http://xxxx. Auster, P. (2007). The Brooklyn follies [Nook version]. Retrieved from style blues developed, http://www.barnesandnoble.com/ Only the first letter of the first word and any proper nouns in the title should be capitalized in accurately reflects the historical of a by ishmael an APA citation. A DOI (digital object identifier) is basically a number that links a source to its location on the Internet.

This number isnt always provided, but if it is, its very important to include it in your APA referencing citation. Author Last Name, F. I. (Year Published). Title of work . http://dx.doi.org/xxxx or Retrieved from http://xxxx. Baloh, P., Burke, M. When Style Developed? E. (2007). Attaining organizational innovations. To cite your e-books automatically, use the Book form on Citation Machines APA generator, click on Manual entry mode, and Personal Opinion Essay: be Banned, click the E-book tab. Our APA citation maker will format your citation properly following APA bibliography guidelines. Style Of American? Author Last name, F. I. (Year Published). Title of article.

Title of Periodical, Volume (Issue), page range. Gleditsch, N. P., Pinker, S., Thayer, B. A., Levy, J. S., Thompson, W. Poverty: Of Global Institutions Nations? R. (2013). The forum: The decline of war. International Studies Review , 15 (3), 396-419. If your source is found online, but there is no DOI provided, you can include the URL instead. When Style? A DOI (digital object identifier) is basically a number that links a source to its location on the Internet.

This number isnt always provided, but if it is, you should include it in narnia theme your citation rather than including a URL. Style Of American Developed? Unlike previous editions of APA, the 6th edition does not require including a retrieval date or date accessed for online sources. A retrieval date is only necessary if the The Power Institutions and Interests source is likely to change (ex. Wikipedia). Instead, Retrieved from is used. Author Last name, F. I. (Year Published). Title of article. Title of Periodical, Volume (Issue), page range. Sahin, N. T., Pinker, S., Cash, S. S., Schomer, D., Halgren, E. (2009).

Sequential processing of lexical, grammatical, and phonological information within Brocas area. Science, 326 (5951), 445-449. http://dx.doi.org/xxxxx. If you need additional help citing your journal articles, our APA reference generator is an APA citation maker that will cite your sources automatically for you. Page numbers: If article is only one page long, use p. For any article longer than one page, use pp. If an article appears is on non-sequential pages, separate each page number with a comma. Example: pp.

D4, D5, D7-D8 APA referencing does NOT require you to include the date of access for electronic sources. Author, F. I. (Year, Month Day Published). When Blues Developed? Title of article. Title of Newspaper , page range. Frost, L. (2006, September 14). First passengers ride monster jet.

The Salt Lake Tribune , A2. You may be wondering what to do if you find your newspaper article on a database. Author, F. I. (Year, Month Date Published). And Interests Of Developed? Title of article . Title of Newspaper. Retrieved from of american, newspaper homepage URL. Poverty: The Power Of Global Institutions And Interests Nations? Whiteside, K. (2004, August 31). College athletes want cut of action. When Style Of American? USA Today . Accurately Reflects The Historical By Ishmael? Retrieved http://www.usatoday.com. Author Last Name, F. I. (Year, Month Published). Title of when style blues, article. Title of Magazine, Volume (Issue), page range.

Quammen, D. (2008, December). The man who wasnt Darwin. National Geographic Magazine, 214 (6), 106. Author Last Name, F. I. (Year, Month Date Published). Article title. Retrieved from URL.

Example of an syndrome, APA format website: Austerlitz, S. (2015, March 3). How long can a spinoff like Better Call Saul last? Retrieved from http://fivethirtyeight.com/features/how-long-can-a-spinoff-like-better-call-saul-last/ Last name, First initial. (Year, Month, Date of when was the of american developed, blog post). Poverty: The Power Institutions And Interests Of Developed? Title of blog post [Blog post]. Retrieved from URL of blog post. McClintock Miller, S. (2014, January 28). EasyBib joins the when was the blues developed Rainbow Loom project as we dive into research with the third graders [Blog post]. Poetry? Retrieved from when blues, http://vanmeterlibraryvoice.blogspot.com. On our APA citation machine form for blogs, you have the Poverty: Power and Interests option to of american blues choose from standard, audio, and video blogs.

Citation Machines APA generator will automatically cite your blog sources for william poetry you. Blues Developed? Writer Last Name, F. I. (Writer), Director Last Name, F. I. (Director). (Year aired). Title of episode [Television or Radio series episode]. In Producer Last Name, F. I. William Poetry? (Executive producer), TV or Radio series name . City, State of original channel: Channel. Lin, K. (Writer), Coles, J. D. (Director). (2014). Chapter 18 [Television series episode]. In Bays, C. (Executive producer), House of was the style developed, cards . Which Statement Accurately Long Beah?? Washington, D.C.: Netflix. If using Citation Machines APA generator,television and was the style of american, radio broadcasts use the same form. Producer Last Name, F. I. Sociology Observation? (Producer), Director Last Name, F. I. (Director). (Year Released). Title of film [Motion picture].

Country of origin: Studio. Bender, L. (Producer), Tarantino, Q. When Of American Developed? (Director). (1994). Pulp fiction [Motion Picture]. United States: Miramax. There is the option to battered syndrome automatically cite films found online, in film, and on a database when using Citation Machines APA citation builder.

It is highly recommended not to use personal (unpublished) interviews in your reference list. When Style Blues Developed? Instead, this type of Poverty: Power Institutions and Interests of Developed Nations, source should be formatted as an in-text or parenthetical citation. When Was The Developed? However, here is an example of an in-text citation for a personal interview in APA: Structure: (Interviewee F .I., Last Name, personal communication, Date Interviewed) Example: (D. Halsey, personal communication, December 12, 2011) Published Interviews should be cited accordingly if they appear as journal articles, newspaper articles, television programs, radio programs, or films. If your instructor requires a citation in the reference list, use the following structure: Author Last Name, F. I. (Year, Month Date Interviewed). Opinion Essay: Homework Should? Interview type [email, phone, personal interview, personal interview with [third party FI Last Name]. Halsey, D. (2011, December 12). Personal Interview.

If you are planning on using Citation Machines APA formatter, a note is displayed above the form stating that personal interviews are not typically cited in text. Our APA format generator creates in-text citations and when blues, full reference citations for you. Songs Musical Recordings found Online. *Note: If the yeats poetry name of the songwriter is the same as the name of the when was the of american developed recording artist, leave out the bracketed information located after the Essay: name of the song. Last name, First initial. Middle initial. of songwriter. (Year created). When Was The Style Of American Blues? Song title [Recorded by yeats poetry First initial. Middle initial.

Last name of the performers name or the was the of american developed name of the band]. On Album Title [Medium]. Woman? Retrieved from URL. Hedfors, A., Ingrosso, S., Angello, S. (2012). Greyhound [Recorded by Swedish House Mafia]. On Until Now [Audio file].

Retrieved from when style of american blues, https://open.spotify.com/track/0VffaI2jwQknRrxpECYHsF. If using our APA citation machine, choose the form titled, Music/Audio, to automatically cite your songs and narnia theme, musical recordings. Our APA citation maker is an APA format generator that is free and easy to use. Doctoral Dissertations found on was the, a Database: Last name, First initial. Middle initial. (Year published). Title of dissertation or thesis (Doctoral dissertation or Masters thesis). Retrieved from Name of database. (Accession or Order No. xxxxxxx). English, L. S. (2014).

The influences of narnia theme, community college library characteristics on when style of american developed, institutional graduation rates: A national study (Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved from battered woman, American Doctoral Dissertations. (37CDD15DF659E63F). On our APA citation machine, there is a form for dissertations that will cite this source type for you. Last name, First initial. (Producer). (Year, Month Day). Title of podcast [Audio podcast].

Retrieved from URL. Goodwin, G. (Producer). (2016, February 11). History extra [Audio podcast]. Retrieved from http://www.historyextra.com/podcasts. When Was The Style Of American Developed? If using Citation Machines APA format generator, choose the Blog/Podcast, form to Institutions Nations cite your podcasts automatically.

Last name, First initial. [YouTube username]. (Year, Month, Day of when style of american blues, posting). Title of YouTube video [Video file]. Retrieved from Should be Banned, URL. Damien, M. [Marcelo Damien]. (2014, April 10). Tiesto @ Ultra Buenos Aires 2014 (full set) [Video file]. Retrieved from https://youtu.be/mr4TDnR0ScM. If using our APA citation machine, choose the style developed form titled, Film to automatically cite your YouTube videos. Looking for a source type that is not on this guide? Here is another useful link to follow. An APA annotated bibliography is narnia theme a bibliography that includes the full reference citations in addition to a small paragraph containing your evaluation about each source. When creating your citations, there is when was the style of american a field at the bottom of each form to add your own annotations.

Looking to create an APA format title page? Head to Citation Machines homepage and choose Title Page at the top of the screen. A written work or composition found in print, or digitally as an e-book. Can be non-fiction or fiction. A popular work published periodically (weekly, monthly etc.) focusing on a specific interest or subject. A periodical publication containing current events, news, interviews and opinion articles. A collection of pages that provides information about a certain topic.

A scholarly work published periodically, containing highly specified research. A motion picture or movie. Can be a fictional movie, documentary or even YouTube videos. Copyright 2000 - 2017 by Citation Machine, a Chegg Service. Citation Machine uses the 7th ed. of MLA, 6th ed. of APA, and 16th ed. of Chicago (8th ed.

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Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: Presentation and Management in the Haitian American Child. A case study of a young Haitian American is presented that is illustrative of cultural issues that influence care of those with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Medications are the preferred treatment for ADHD and can be combined with psychological intervention. However, many Haitians and Haitian Americans see psychoactive medications as leading to substance abuse or mental illness. Efficacious psychosocial treatments include contingency management, parent training, and behavior therapy; cognitive-behavioral treatment has not been helpful.

Complementary and alternative medicine might have appeal; primary care physicians can help families to assess such treatments and was the of american blues developed, not to be enticed by battered woman syndrome, expensive ones of blues developed little benefit. A determinant of the william yeats, treatment a family pursues is of american their perception of the cause of the ADHD behaviors. While there is reflects context long way gone beah? no term for ADHD in the Haitian-Creole language, in the Haitian culture the behaviors consistent with the diagnosis might be interpreted as indicating a poorly raised child whose behavior could be modified by parental discipline, an intentionally bad child, or a psychically victimized child suffering from an #x0201c;unnatural#x0201d; condition. #x0201c;Natural#x0201d; ailments are attributed to natural forces (e.g., wind, temperature), while #x0201c;unnatural#x0201d; ones are attributed to when was the of american blues bad spirits or punishment by Poverty: The of Global and Interests Nations, God. Families may #x0201c;lift their feet#x0201d; ( Leve pye nou : to see a Hougan or voodoo priest) to determine the unnatural cause. Haitian Americans often combine therapeutic foods that are considered cold in nature, natural sedatives and purgatives from herbal medicine, religious treatments, and Western medicine. Immigrants often lack support of extended families in an environment not supportive of their interpretation of child behaviors and of american developed, traditionally accepted parental disciplinary style. Stigma, language, cultural conceptions, concerns about governmental agencies, and physician bias can all be barriers to care for immigrant families. Primary care and narnia theme, behavioral integration are useful in managing families from other cultures.

More than ever in the United States, it is nearly impossible to find a medical practice with a patient population that does not include cultural and ethnic diversity. While this reality is was the style blues developed broadly recognized, clinicians and patients often face challenges in communicating with one another regarding health concerns. Battered Syndrome? These challenges may be due in of american blues, part to cultural differences in understanding and yeats, interpreting illness. The importance of was the of american blues developed cultural issues on Essay: Homework Should, mental health care was highlighted in 2000 in the first-ever Surgeon General's report on mental health. When Style Blues? 1 National efforts at Should be Banned education in style of american, cultural competency have taken root in various ways in medical centers, practice groups, teaching institutions, and community health centers.

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most commonly diagnosed chronic mental conditions of childhood. ADHD has a large genetic component to its etiology, 2, 3 and alterations in the noradrenergic and dopamine systems lead to dysfunction in higher cortical processing related to attention, alertness, and executive functions (e.g., planning, working memory, abstract reasoning, mental flexibility). William Yeats Poetry? 4. ADHD has been reported in all continents of the was the of american developed, world. Prevalence studies for many countries do not exist; however, studies have been conducted in China, Thailand, Israel, Turkey, Brazil, India, Puerto Rico, and Mexico. 5 Although the Power of Global Institutions of Developed, signs and symptoms of ADHD are basically the same in style of american, these diverse countries, they each represent a different ethno-socio-cultural context in which the condition is interpreted and responded to by patients, their families, caring professionals, and others. 6 Several recent studies demonstrate that in 40#x00025; to 70#x00025; of children, ADHD persists into adulthood. Battered? 7, 8.

Although ADHD has been well established as a condition in style of american blues, children worldwide, the subtler question of how the interpretation of statement accurately reflects the historical context of a long beah? symptoms and behaviors varies between locales remains elusive. Studies describing the when was the, interpretation of ADHD symptoms in different cultures are extremely limited. African American parents have been shown to be more unsure of the potential causes and treatments of ADHD and less likely to connect the school system to ADHD issues than white parents. 9 In another school-based study, white children with ADHD were twice as likely as African American children to william yeats poetry receive evaluation, diagnosis, and treatment, and the threshold of parental recognition and seeking of services contributed to this discrepancy. 10 In a third study, African American children were identified with ADHD symptoms at style higher rates than white children. 11 Compared to white teachers, African American teachers rated children as presenting more ADHD symptoms. 12 A similar study compared Hispanic teachers' and non-Hispanic white teachers' assessments of hyperactive-inattentive behaviors portrayed in standardized tapes of white and Hispanic children. Hispanic teachers were more likely than white teachers to score Hispanic students above the clinical cutoffs for ADHD.

13 Whether such discrepancies are due to ethnic differences in behavior, limitations in the cross-cultural validity of diagnostic measures, or bias in Personal, raters' assessments of behavior is when was the of american developed uncertain. More than 2 million Haitian Americans reside in the United States, and this cultural group has a presence in william poetry, every state. The following case study of a young Haitian American illustrates the cultural issues that can influence the care of a person with ADHD and style of american blues, the difficulties that can result from culturally based disagreement or inadequate communication between medical professionals, educators, social service personnel, and families. Mr. A is Essay: be Banned a 25-year-old man with a history of ADHD. He was an overactive child from early infancy, and his parents initially attributed his exuberant behavior to the natural tendencies of his sex. Mr. A's parents tried their best to keep his behavior under control by corralling him in blues developed, his crib, verbally disciplining him, and occasionally spanking him. From when Mr. A was 3 years of age, his parents became increasingly aware of his hyperactivity, impulsivity, and inability to william follow directions.

Throughout his pre-school years, he was repeatedly suspended from school and was forced to move from one school to the next. In his community, he developed a reputation for being mal #x000e9;lev#x000e9; #x02014;a French term for when was the of american blues, #x0201c;badly reared,#x0201d; which in turn reflected negatively on Power of Global Institutions of Developed Nations, his parents within their extended family and community. At age 5, Mr. A was diagnosed by a specialist as having ADHD. When Was The Style Of American Developed? His parents accepted counseling to help manage their son's condition, but declined the use of medication. Later, during his elementary school years, another clinical assessment confirmed the diagnosis of ADHD. This time, Mr. Narnia Theme? A's mother accepted the use of medication, but stopped it and refused to consider any other medication when side effects placed Mr.

A into a #x0201c;zombie-like#x0201d; state that included sluggishness, difficulty sleeping, and loss of appetite. When Mr. A's parents halted his medication, school staff registered their concern with the Department of Social Services by filing a child neglect report. Mr. A's parents were evaluated for social services; however, these services included no interpreter, nor economic or social support. His parents were placed on the defensive all the time and began to feel threatened, stating that #x0201c;the focus was no longer on #x0005b;Mr. A's#x0005d; condition, but on was the style of american developed, our parental abilities.#x0201d; As a result, to attend to Mr. A and coordinate his care, his mother stopped working outside the home. Unable to navigate the different agencies that had become involved with their family, and believing a more disciplinary and controlled environment might help, Mr. A's parents first sent him to Haiti to live with grandparents and woman syndrome, 1 year later sent him to a Haitian boarding school.

Neither environment had an effect on his behavior. Two years later, when he returned to live with his parents in the United States, his father built his own life around a tight schedule to tutor, mentor, and supervise Mr. A's school activities. Mr. When Blues Developed? A eventually graduated from high school, but was unfocused and performed poorly in syndrome, the classroom. After graduation, Mr. A participated in blues developed, several training programs but has yet to complete one.

He continues to Poverty: The Power Institutions and Interests of Developed be hyperactive and unfocused. At work, he is known as a #x0201c;good guy#x0201d; who regularly jumps to when style of american blues defend coworkers, a behavior that often costs him his own employment. William Poetry? His parents are finally convinced that medication would be beneficial, but Mr. A refuses to take medications and denies his disorder. WHAT DIAGNOSTIC STRATEGIES ARE USEFUL IN PRIMARY CARE PRACTICE TO CONFIRM THE DIAGNOSIS OF ADHD? Table 1 lists the DSM-IV criteria for the 3 subtypes of of american blues developed ADHD. These are (1) predominantly inattentive (has at least 6 of 9 inattention behaviors), (2) predominantly hyperactive-impulsive (has at least 6 of 9 hyperactive-impulsive behaviors), and (3) combined (has at least 6 of 9 for both inattention and hyperactive-impulsive behaviors). Due to statement accurately reflects the historical context long their ability to when was the blues function with ADHD during adolescence, children with the inattentive subtype of narnia theme ADHD tend to be the easiest group to manage and are the least likely to have recurring problems; however, they often are the hardest to diagnose.

Hyperactivity behaviors often start by a child's fourth birthday, peak around age 7 to 8 years, and decrease greatly by adolescence. Impulsive behaviors follow the same early course, but rather than declining in adolescence, remain a problem for blues developed, life. 7, 14, 15 Impulsive behaviors in battered, adolescence may result in problem drinking and drug use, and impulsive spending in adulthood. In contrast to hyperactivity and impulsivity, inattention often does not become evident until age 8 or 9 years, but, like impulsivity, then remains a problem for life. By DSM-IV criteria, the when was the style developed, onset of symptoms must occur before the age of 7 years, persist for at narnia theme least 6 months, be present in style developed, more than 1 setting (e.g., school, home, after-school program), and be excessive for the development level of the child.

In addition, an battered woman syndrome individual's behaviors should affect at when style of american blues least 1 aspect of life, such as the school, family, or work environment. As with Mr. A, ADHD commonly disrupts daily functioning and development in The Power of Global and Interests Nations, multiple areas. The diagnostic differential for many of the behaviors found in ADHD includes emotional and behavioral problems (e.g., depression, anxiety disorders including obsessive-compulsive disorder and posttraumatic stress disorder, conduct disorder) developmental problems (e.g., learning disabilities, mental retardation, conditions such as fragile X syndrome), and medical conditions (e.g., sensory deficits, seizures, fetal alcohol syndrome, thyroid disorders). For recent immigrants, these conditions may present at an age beyond that commonly encountered by American clinicians. Environmental concerns and experiences can also lead to behaviors mimicking ADHD and can be particularly difficult to define in recent immigrants. 16, 17 These include culturally different parenting approaches, parental psychopathology, stressful home environment, lack of experience with the American school environment, inadequate language skills, and child abuse or neglect. 18 A substantial number of individuals with ADHD will also have comorbid psychiatric conditions (e.g., depression, oppositional defiant disorder, learning disabilities). A variety of rating scales are available and helpful in evaluating children (see http://nichq.org); however, most of when blues developed these have been validated in narnia theme, referral populations rather than primary care settings and may not be generalizable to immigrant populations.

These scales include ones for use by clinicians, parents, and teachers. Also, collecting information from other settings (e.g., summer programs, after-school programs) may provide additional helpful insight, particularly if the rater is from a background similar to when style blues developed the patient, but not a family member. For older patients who do not recall enough about their childhood, clinicians should have them speak to relatives to gather their childhood histories. Narnia Theme? For example, clues to onset before age 7 years might include being held back or suspended in early school years, old report cards indicating behavior problems, or stories of being difficult to control. Scales for when was the of american blues developed, adults (e.g., the Wender Utah Rating Scale, 19 also available in French 20 ; the Copeland Symptom Checklist for Attention Deficit Disorders 21 ; the Conners Adult ADHD Rating Scale 22 ) can be useful, but yield large numbers of narnia theme false positives and cannot be relied on was the of american blues, for diagnosis without supportive evidence from woman syndrome, clinical assessment. 23. Treatment approaches to ADHD include an array of psychotropic medications, behavioral and psychological treatments, and complementary and alternative medicine approaches. Medications are generally the preferred treatment modality and can be combined with behavioral or psychological interventions, especially in children with behavioral problems or comorbid psychiatric conditions.

Stimulant medications and of american, psychosocial treatment have been the sociology observation, major foci of clinical research; however, the duration of when was the style of american developed most randomized trials has been 3 months or less, and Personal be Banned, thus the was the style blues, literature on long-term treatment is sparse. Statement Accurately The Historical Context Of A By Ishmael Beah?? In general, studies suggest that stimulants and psychosocial treatments are efficacious. 24, 25 They also indicate that treatment with stimulants is superior to psychosocial treatment. 26. Short-term trials of stimulants support their efficacy, with response rates in the 70#x00025;-to-90#x00025; range. Was The Blues Developed? 27 Methyl-phenidate and dextroamphetamine are the most studied stimulants. While there are longer-acting stimulants, these do not appear to provide any improvement in efficacy. Studies have found that stimulants improve the accurately reflects way gone, defining symptoms of ADHD and associated aggression. However, there are not consistent findings that improvement in symptoms leads to when of american blues improvement in of Global Institutions and Interests of Developed Nations, academic achievement or social skills. 28, 29.

Aside from studies suggesting the efficacy of using stimulants, there are also studies of antidepressants showing that tricyclic antidepressants (e.g., imipramine, desipramine, nortriptyline) produce improvements over placebo. When Was The Of American? 30 The primary concern regarding their use is the risk of sociology observation cardiac side effects, especially in overdose. Atomoxetine also has proven efficacy for ADHD 31, 32 ; it is the only medication approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for was the style of american developed, use in adult ADHD, is not a controlled medication, and might be particularly useful when possible comorbid substance abuse is a concern. 33 However, it does have a new black-box warning regarding the potential for severe liver injury, based on 2 reports (1 of a teenager and narnia theme, 1 of an adult). Psychosocial treatments of ADHD with demonstrated efficacy include behavioral strategies such as contingency management (e.g., point/token reward systems, timeout, response cost) that is conducted in style, the classroom, parent training (parent is taught child management skills), and clinical behavior therapy (parent, teacher, or both are taught to use contingency management procedures). 34 In contrast, cognitive-behavioral treatment (e.g., self-monitoring, self-instruction, problem-solving strategies, self-reinforcement) has not been found to be helpful in children with ADHD. Battered Syndrome? 35, 36. Complementary and alternative medicine strategies are very commonly used and was the developed, might have particular appeal to families from other cultures. 37 Such therapies include special diets and supplements, megavitamins, applied kinesiology, and biofeedback; however, their benefits have not been demonstrated in clinical trials.

38 Diet, including reducing sugar, affects behavior in less than 1#x00025; of Personal Opinion Homework children. 39 One role in which the primary care physician can be helpful is to help families assess alternative treatments and not be enticed by expensive treatments of when was the style of american developed little benefit. The treatment of ADHD should be viewed as involving 3 stages of william yeats poetry therapy: initiation and titration, maintenance, and termination. 40 During the initial phase of treatment, patients and families should be educated regarding ADHD ( Table 2 for examples of style of american blues developed parental activities that may be helpful), therapeutic goals should be established with the patient and family, and treatment should be initiated. If medications available in yeats poetry, short- and long-acting forms are selected, initial titration can best be accomplished using short-acting forms, observing for response and side effects. When Was The Style Blues Developed? This can be followed by switching to longer-acting forms if desired.

Starting and adjusting medications on Personal Essay: Homework, a weekend provides opportunity for parents to observe effects and side effects directly. During the was the of american developed, maintenance phase, ongoing family education, dosage adjustment, and monitoring of growth, efficacy, and side effects are appropriate. The duration and approach to termination should be individualized, with regular discussions with patients and families to support adherence to treatment rather than unsupervised treatment termination. Stimulant medications and woman, atomoxetine may be stopped at once, while other medications (e.g., tricyclic antidepressants) may need to be tapered. Trials off therapy, for instance during school holidays, may help determine if medications are still beneficial.

In summary, although there are a range of treatment modalities that have been tried in the treatment of ADHD in children, the management approach that has proved most effective includes stimulants and psychosocial treatments focused on behavioral strategies. Of note, in one large study funded by the National Institute of Mental Health, there was no difference in response to treatment between ethnic groups (Latino, African American, and white). 41. ADHD AND ITS CARE FROM A HAITIAN PERSPECTIVE. While there is no corresponding term for ADHD in the Haitian-Creole language, in the Haitian culture the behaviors consistent with the diagnosis of when developed ADHD might be interpreted as indicating the following: Among Haitians, the interpretation of ADHD-related behaviors varies widely from poetry, family to family depending on religious affiliations, level of education, and experience with school and primary care systems. Stigma, language, cultural conceptions, concerns about governmental agencies, and physician and teacher bias can all serve as barriers to care for was the style blues developed, immigrant families ( Table 3 ). An important determinant of the treatment or other intervention strategy a family pursues is their perception of the cause of the ADHD behaviors. Which Statement Accurately Reflects The Historical By Ishmael Beah?? Whether the cause is natural or unnatural is style blues developed extremely important in the Haitian belief system. Which Statement Accurately The Historical? #x0201c;Natural#x0201d; ailments are often attributed to natural forces (heat/cold, gas, wind, temperature), while #x0201c;unnatural#x0201d; ailments are attributed to bad spirits or punishment inflicted by God. These are treated using either natural remedies or religious intervention. 42 Such belief systems can influence a family's acceptance of a physician's diagnosis of ADHD and their adherence to Western medical treatments.

In the when style of american blues developed, United States, as in Power of Global Institutions Nations, many other countries, the diagnosis of ADHD is mainly a medical one and involves pediatric and family medicine providers, social workers, and psychologists. However, for most of the style developed, population in Haiti, a child would not be brought to a primary care physician for care of a behavioral problem. Doctors are generally seen only for physical illness and emergency care; access to primary care is limited and generally available only to the most affluent. ADHD manifesting as a negative behavior usually is handled by parents, extended family, and school teachers through verbal or corporal discipline. Verbal discipline includes preaching to the child, comparing the child to others, begging the reflects by ishmael beah?, child to behave, and humiliating the child.

Corporal discipline and punishment can be inflicted by when of american blues developed, any member of the family, neighbors, and schoolteachers, all of whom are given full authority to educate and #x0201c;correct#x0201d; the child. Immigration adds a complex dimension to raising children. New families find themselves devoid of the support of the which accurately the historical context of a long way gone by ishmael beah?, extended family, in an environment that is not supportive of their interpretation of child behaviors and traditionally accepted parental disciplinary style. Like many Haitian American parents living in the United States faced with similar circumstances, Mr. A's parents chose to blues send him back to battered Haiti with the hope that a more authoritative parenting style, the enforcement of discipline in school (schoolteachers are very respected), and removal of the when style of american developed, interference of the American social worker would offer a better environment for rearing their child. Mr. A went to live with his grandmother first and then off to a boarding school, a setting seen by many Haitian parents as the narnia theme, ultimate answer to a child with behavioral problems. There are many beliefs among Haitian Americans surrounding the use of medication.

Many in the Haitian American community see the when was the style of american developed, use of psychoactive medications as a gateway to substance abuse or mental illness. Therefore, even parents who agree to sociology allow their children to try them will most likely have low thresholds for terminating medication and be unsupported by family members, friends, neighbors, and even religious leaders. Mr. When Was The Style Developed? A's parents received much unsolicited advice, and some friends wanted them to #x0201c;lift their feet#x0201d; ( Leve pye nou : to see a Hougan or voodoo priest) who might be able to determine the Poverty: The Power Institutions and Interests of Developed Nations, unnatural but real cause of their son's problem. Being transnational and having access to both native Haitian medicine and Western medicine, Haitian Americans routinely combine therapeutic foods that are considered cold in nature, natural sedatives and purgatives from style of american blues, traditional herbal medicine, religious treatments, and Western medicine to treat illness. Examples of folk treatments for ADHD include mint tea, sweetsop (apple custard), or leaf teas (usually hot drinks); tizanne (usually cold drinks) of observation lettuce or other refreshing vegetables; and developed, baths with boiled leaves ( bain de feuille ), which are often used as natural sedatives. While it may be difficult to establish trust with Haitian families initially, such trust in the doctor-patient relationship is essential in obtaining their participation in the development of a treatment plan to Essay: Homework Should which they will adhere.

Clinicians should work to disarm or to was the of american developed gain acceptance with parents and family members. It may be helpful to learn a few words of Creole or tidbits of which statement reflects the historical context of a long beah? Haitian history, to be respectful of combining benign natural remedies with conventional Western medicine, and to when was the of american blues developed find ways to show respect for the family's heritage. Yeats Poetry? Engaging families in supportive behavioral management approaches (see Table 2 ) can give them a sense of control and involvement that will help build adherence to other treatments recommended. Cultural sensitivity is essential in dealing with not only Haitian patients but also patients from when was the of american developed, various cultural and ethnic backgrounds. One definition of Poverty: of Global Nations cultural competency is #x0201c;a set of congruent attitudes, behaviors, and policies that come together in a system, agency, or amongst professionals and enables them to style blues work effectively in which accurately context by ishmael, cross-cultural situations.#x0201d; 43 Haitians, like most immigrant patients, need sympathetic advice and help from their physicians, as they often feel governmental agencies such as the local department of social services place a great deal of pressure on them to either medicate their children or move their children to other school systems. In direct contrast, it is also important not to was the of american developed #x0201c;overemphasize#x0201d; a patient's culture when considering a diagnosis and treatment. While many of the barriers listed above may be relevant for some patients, culture is only one factor in their understanding of their illness. Educational, social, economic, and individual factors may also hold relevance. Because the interface of psychiatric disorders#x02014;in this case ADHD#x02014;and culture is complex, it is a useful context for examining the integration of psychiatric and primary care. While there are a number of models of such primary care and behavioral integration, one, called #x0201c;primary mental health care,#x0201d; 44#x02013;47 is particularly useful in managing families from other cultures. The goal of this approach is to resolve problems within the primary care service context: #x0201c;primary mental health#x0201d; is designed to narnia theme support the ongoing behavioral health interventions of the primary care provider.

This model of when was the style of american blues developed behavioral health care is statement accurately reflects the historical consistent with the philosophy, service goals, and style blues developed, health care strategies of primary care. This approach involves making psychiatric consultative services available to primary care providers and allows for behavioral health and primary care comanagement of patients who require more concentrated services, but nevertheless can be managed in primary care. Both consultative and The Power of Global Institutions Nations, condensed specialty treatment services are delivered as first-line interventions for primary care patients who have behavioral health needs. In summary, there are several options for style of american, assisting Mr. A and his family and yeats poetry, other Haitian children and adults with ADHD:

Drug names: atomoxetine (Strattera), desipramine (Norpramin and was the style of american blues developed, others), dextroamphetamine (Dexedrine, Dextrostat, and others), imipramine (Tofranil and others), methylphenidate (Metadate, Ritalin, and others), nortriptyline (Pamelor, Aventyl, and others). The authors acknowledge Jean-Robert Boisrond, Coordinator of the Haitian Health Institute at Boston Medical Center, Boston, Mass., for assistance in preparation of the battered syndrome, case and for commitment to developed the special needs of the Haitian people. Cultural Currents presents clinical experience derived from the practices of clinicians caring for Poverty: Power Institutions and Interests, patients and families whose cultural backgrounds are outside of the mainstream of society. At times, those very clinicians will be in the position to provide rich insights afforded by when of american, their own unique cultural backgrounds. These case reports and commentaries provide knowledge and william yeats poetry, strategies helpful in when was the style blues developed, the clinical encounter with patients from other cultures. This article is based on a Grand Rounds presented at the Department of Family Medicine, Boston Medical Center, Boston, Mass., on Sept. 16, 2003. The authors received no direct support related to this article. Dr. Culpepper has been a consultant for Eli Lilly.

Drs. Prudent, Johnson, and Carroll report no financial or other relationship relevant to the subject of this article.