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asp resume builder Location: New York City. Available for flag, direct contacts from businesses for short-time web development projects. Fra Angelico. Not interested in desecration flag, permanent positions. Of Hamlet. Please no calls from flag recruiters. The History. To obtain a project manager / architect / senior developer position in a web development project (ASP.NET, C#, VB.NET, SQL Server). Desecration. Interested only in The History, consulting positions in New York City. More than 11 years of experience in full cycle of desecration of the flag software development. Dozens of and Traveling successfully designed solutions and desecration of the flag databases. Ecoturism And Traveling. Top Microsoft certifications in flag, .NET software development (MCSD, MCAD, MCPD), SQL Server (MCDBA) and how old engineering (MCSE); Master of Science.

Best expertise in of the flag, ASP.NET/ASP.NET 2.0, C#/VB.NET, .NET Framework, SQL Server (T-SQL, Stored Proc, DTS), UML, usability . Fra Angelico Artwork. Skilled in desecration, XML/XSLT, XML Web Services, HTML/DHTML, CSS, JavaScript, OOP, SourceSafe, Java, MTS/COM+, C++, ADO.NET, OLTP, OLAP, data warehousing, MySQL, FoxPro (VFP), Crystal Reports, SQL Reporting Services and of Hamlet more. Pranas.NET is an IT consulting company. Desecration. Developed an e-commerce web site condo-sales.com , where users can search and buy historical condominium sales information as ASP.NET ( C#, VB.NET ) web application with SQL Server 2000 back-end. Ambrose Bierce Short. Helped in formulating the of the, business case for The History Essay, the site, individually designed the of the, logical and physical structure of the application Created sophisticated SQL Server database to responsively handle complex queries (T-SQL, DTS, triggers, stored procedures, functions, optimization) and .NET data access components Implemented business logic as .NET Framework assemblies (C#, VB.NET) Envisioned and built front-end for the site written in ASP.NET, MS Visual Studio .NET, C#, VB.NET, XML, VBScript, HTML, DHTML, JavaScript, Dreamweaver Performed Search Engine Optimization (SEO) of the Essay, web site to increase traffic A number of of the flag private labels web sites (like Condos.WiredNewYork.com) were developed where a different branding allows the change theories, sites to desecration of the, sell the data under their name. All sites are single code-base with dynamically applied style. Performed Search Engine Optimization (SEO) for mrofficespace.com, yrpubs.com and cooperator.com. Development Milestones. Redesigned the desecration flag, home pages for mrofficespace.com and bierce short yrpubs.com.

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Programmed client-side (HTML, JavaScript) for mrofficespace.com . Designed and built a number of data-driven applications to of the flag, support publishing business using ASP, HTML, MySQL, JavaScript, Visual Basic, Visual FoxPro, MySQL and mphahlele Seagate Crystal Reports. Desecration Flag. The applications in artwork, particular: Allow large number of desecration flag concurrent users to Production, manipulate MySQL database that serves as a back-end for desecration, mrofficespace.com (OLTP MS Visual FoxPro application through ODBC drivers). Automatically create various HTML pages, cache them in a database for use on the web site, making it highly responsive. Contain OLAP applications with complete reporting tools (Seagate Crystal Reports) Send customized e-mails using Outlook CDO and Ecoturism and Traveling send faxes using Symantec WinFax Pro API. Individually created database application using Visual FoxPro and VBA to handle customer information, bookkeeping, generating reports and desecration flag statistical information, Word and Excel data-driven (VBA) automatic document generation. The software is used in 5 company offices in is darry in the, Russia and desecration flag Great Britain.

In December 1999 2000 individually performed analysis, architecture definition, database design, coding, testing and ambrose bierce short deploying of ASP, MS Visual Basic 6.0, MS SQL Server 7.0 2-tier windows application to manage customers, flights, resorts and reservations data. The Microsoft Certified Professional Developer: Web Developer (MCPD: Web Developer) certification demonstrates that you have the comprehensive skills that are required to of the, build interactive, data-driven Web applications that use ASP.NET 2.0 for Essay, both intranet and Internet uses. The MCSD for flag, Microsoft .NET credential is the top-level certification for change, advanced developers who design and of the flag develop leading-edge enterprise solutions, using Microsoft development tools and technologies as well as the of Euthanasia Essay, Microsoft .NET Framework. Desecration Of The. The MCAD for Microsoft .NET credential provides industry recognition for professional developers who build powerful applications using Microsoft Visual Studio® .NET and Web services. Completed more than 3,000 hours of advanced mathematics and and Traveling programming.

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ocr rs coursework Education in England: a brief history. Towards a state system. The wind of change. Recession and flag, disenchantment. John Major: more of the artwork same. The Blair decade.

Brown and of the flag, Balls: mixed messages. What future for education in England? Gove v The Blob. this is a draft of History of Hamlet Essay, a chapter which will form part of the revised version currently in desecration of the, preparation. Organisation of this chapter. Brown and Balls. Cameron and Gove. 2008 Education and Ecoturism Essay, Skills Act.

2009 Apprenticeships, Skills, Children and Learning Act. 2009 White Paper. 2009 Children, Schools and Families Bill. 2010 Children, Schools and Families Act. Other Acts relating to children and flag, young people. 2007 Further Education and Training Act. 2008 Children and Young Persons Act. 2010 Child Poverty Act.

IRPC interim report. CPR curriculum report. CSFC National Curriculum report. IRPC final report. CPR final report. Nuffield 14-19 Review. Building Schools for the Future. Academies and trust schools. Covert selection by History of Hamlet faith schools. The National Challenge.

The inspection regime. 2008 NUT Conference. Gove's view of education. Education in England: a brief history. © copyright Derek Gillard 2011. Education in desecration flag, England: a brief history is my copyright. You are welcome to mphahlele, download it and print it for your own personal use, or for use in a school or other educational establishment, provided my name as the desecration of the flag author is attached. But you may not publish it, upload it onto any other website, or sell it, without my permission. You are welcome to cite this piece. If you do so, please acknowledge it thus:

Gillard D (2011) Education in change management, England: a brief history www.educationengland.org.uk/history. In accordance with the desecration of the flag conventions set out by the Society of Authors and the Publishers Association , you should seek my permission to reproduce any extract of more than 400 words; a series of Production of Hamlet, extracts totalling more than 800 words, of desecration, which any one extract has more than 300 words; and an extract or series of extracts constituting a quarter or more of the original work. The History Of Euthanasia? For shorter extracts you do not need my permission, provided the source is acknowledged as shown above. In references in the text, the number after the colon is desecration flag, always the page number (even where a document has numbered paragraphs or sections). Where a document is shown as a link, the ezekiel full text is available online. © Crown copyright material is reproduced with the permission of the Controller of HMSO and of the flag, the Queen's Printer for fra angelico artwork Scotland. Chapter 11 : 2007-2010.

Brown and Balls: mixed messages. The new administration. Brown and Balls. Tony Blair was replaced as prime minister by former chancellor of the exchequer Gordon Brown ( pictured ). His new administration immediately announced that the desecration of the flag education department would be split in two: the Department for fra angelico Children, Schools and Families (DCSF) with Ed Balls as secretary of state, and the Department of Innovation, Universities and Skills (DIUS) under John Denham. (Balls's official title was 'Secretary of desecration, State for Children, Schools and Families', though he was usually referred to as 'the children's secretary'). There was some logic to this division. DCSF brought together all policy relating to of Euthanasia, children and desecration, young people: in addition to overseeing schools, it shared youth justice with the Ministry of bierce short stories, Justice, child poverty with the Treasury and desecration flag, the Department for Work and Pensions, children's health with the Department of Health, and youth sport with the Department for Culture. It also took the management theories 'respect' agenda from the Home Office. DIUS took science and innovation from the Department for desecration flag Trade and Industry and would be responsible for the development, funding and performance of higher education, both teaching and research; together with adult learning, including Train to Gain and basic skills.

It would oversee the £4bn adult portion of the Learning and Production History of Hamlet, Skills Council budget. One of its main aims was the improvement of graduate skills. But there were complications in flag, the arrangement. Ambrose Short? DCSF would set education policy for students up to of the flag, the age of 19, but work with DIUS on 14-19 reforms. School pupils in the 14 to 19 age group and Production of Hamlet Essay, sixth form college students would come under DCSF, but general further education college students and apprentices aged 16 to 19 were the responsibility of DIUS, though they would be funded via local education authorities. Desecration Of The? The Learning and Skills Council (LSC) thus had half its budget removed, putting its future in doubt ( The Guardian 3 July 2007). In the The History of Euthanasia Essay event, DIUS only of the lasted two years. Ambrose Short Stories? In June 2009 it was abolished and its responsibilities subsumed into a new Department of desecration flag, Business, Innovation and Skills (BIS), led by Lord (Peter) Mandelson. In his inaugural statement, the new children's secretary Ed Balls ( pictured ) said he would introduce legislation to raise the school leaving age to 18, improve school discipline, remove barriers to ambrose short stories, further expansion of the academies programme, and give teachers more scope to decide when pupils should be tested.

He announced that Leicester University chancellor Sir Peter Williams, chair of the Advisory Committee on Mathematics Education, would conduct a review of maths teaching in primary schools. An extra £265m over the next three years would be spent ensuring that children from disadvantaged backgrounds could benefit from at least two hours a week of out-of-hours group activities in term time. Of The? Secondary teachers would be given an extra training day a year, and History Essay, a scheme to encourage graduates to teach in inner-city schools would be expanded beyond London. He also promised a ten-year youth strategy and a plan to tackle teenage pregnancy. Of The? A children's plan for the UK would be prepared and consulted on ( The Guardian 11 July 2007). In October 2007 the new chancellor of the exchequer Alistair Darling announced the three-year settlement for education. A 2.8 per cent real terms annual increase to theories, £74bn in 2010 was higher than other departments but lower than in previous years.

Teachers' leaders pointed out that the desecration of the budget for each pupil would rise from fra angelico artwork £5,500 in 2007-8 to flag, £6,600 in fra angelico, 2010-11 but that this was still far short of the cost of of the flag, a private school education. Darling also promised £250m to fund the Children's Plan scheme to make sure children arrived at school ready to learn and able to benefit from personalised support ( The Guardian 10 October 2007). In his first major speech on education, Gordon Brown told an audience of educationists at Greenwich University that 'failing' schools would have five years to improve their pupils' GCSE results or they would face take-over or closure. Fra Angelico Artwork? He set out wide-ranging plans to expand childcare, eradicate illiteracy and introduce more work-based apprenticeships to persuade more 16 year olds to stay on of the in education. 'This is a determined and systematic agenda to end failure', he said. 'We will see it through. We will not flinch from the task' ( The Guardian 1 November 2007). As we saw in fra angelico, the previous chapter, Lord (Andrew) Adonis had wielded enormous influence over education policy in the Blair administration.

He kept his post as schools minister when Gordon Brown took over, but his influence waned and in desecration of the flag, October 2008 he was moved from education to theories, the Department of Transport. Cameron and Gove. Meanwhile, Conservative party leader David Cameron ( pictured ) announced that the Tories would 'revolutionise' education by flag supporting the of Euthanasia formation of parent-run co-operative schools paid for by local authorities. He said he was setting up a 'Conservative Co-operative Movement' based on the ideals of the Rochdale Society of Equitable Pioneers, the world's first successful co-operative. The National Union of Teachers (NUT) warned that the proposals would increase social segregation, and desecration, Co-operative Party general secretary Peter Hunt said: 'Co-operative Party policies are . rooted in Labour philosophy. If David Cameron wishes to Essay, join us, he will first have to defect to the Labour party' ( The Guardian 9 November 2007). The new shadow education secretary was Michael Gove ( pictured ). At a conference at Brighton College in of the flag, May 2008, Gove told teachers that a Conservative government would reinstate traditional styles of fact-based lessons. Generations of children had been let down by so-called progressive education policies which had taught skills and 'empathy' instead of bodies of knowledge, he said.

He condemned the 'pupil-centred learning' theories which had gained support in the 1960s for 'dethroning' the teacher: It is an approach to education that has been called progressive, but in fact is anything but. It privileges temporary relevance over a permanent body of knowledge which should be passed on from generation to ezekiel mphahlele, generation . Desecration? We need to The History Essay, tackle this misplaced ideology wherever it occurs. Of The? NUT acting general secretary Christine Blower said: 'Gove's attack on child-centred learning is an Ecoturism and Traveling Essay, absurd caricature of reality . If there has been a dethroning of teachers, it has been because successive politicians have decided that they know better than teachers about how children learn' ( The Guardian 9 May 2008). The Children's Plan. In December 2007 the government published its Children's Plan Building brighter futures . This important and ambitious document was based on widespread consultation involving children, young people, parents, teachers and desecration of the flag, policy makers, and was designed to underpin and and Traveling Essay, inform all future government policy relating to of the flag, children, their families and schools. It aimed to eradicate child poverty and reduce illiteracy and antisocial behaviour by 2020. In his Foreword, Ed Balls said he wanted to make Britain 'the best place in the world for our children and young people to grow up'. (DCSF 2007:3)

The plan was based on mphahlele five principles: government does not bring up children - parents do - so government needs to do more to back parents and families; all children have the potential to flag, succeed and should go as far as their talents can take them; children and artwork, young people need to enjoy their childhood as well as grow up prepared for adult life; services need to desecration, be shaped by and responsive to children, young people and Production of Hamlet Essay, families, not designed around professional boundaries; and it is always better to prevent failure than tackle a crisis later. (DCSF 2007:5-6) It set ten goals to be achieved by 2020: enhance children and young people's well-being, particularly at key transition points in their lives; every child ready for success in school, with at least 90 per cent developing well across all areas of the Early Years Foundation Stage Profile by age 5; every child ready for secondary school, with at least 90 per cent achieving at or above the expected level in both English and desecration of the, mathematics by age 11; every young person with the skills for adult life and further study, with at least 90 per cent achieving the equivalent of five higher level GCSEs by age 19; and at least 70 per cent achieving the equivalent of two A levels by age 19; parents satisfied with the Ecoturism information and support they receive; all young people participating in positive activities to develop personal and social skills, promote well-being and reduce behaviour that puts them at risk; employers satisfied with young people's readiness for work; child health improved, with the proportion of obese and overweight children reduced to 2000 levels; child poverty halved by 2010 and eradicated by 2020; and significantly reduce by 2020 the of the flag number of young offenders receiving a conviction, reprimand, or final warning for The History a recordable offence for the first time, with a goal to be set in the Youth Crime Action Plan. (DCSF 2007:14) The plan attempted to address a series of desecration of the flag, highly critical reports on ambrose short British childhood by Unicef and others, and to demonstrate evidence of Gordon Brown's administration's much talked-of 'vision'. There would be new playgrounds and youth centres, personal tutors and one-to-one classes to give struggling pupils a chance to of the, catch up and their parents a contact at school. There would be radical reform of the curriculum and Essay, testing regimes, and a mandatory master's-level qualification for all new teachers. All new schools would be carbon-neutral by 2016 and there would be more 20mph speed limit zones near schools. A dozen strategy reviews - on areas including drugs and alcohol, sex education, bullying and the commercialisation of of the, childhood - would determine how the targets were to be met. Children's campaigners welcomed the and Traveling Essay plan. Children's Society chief executive Bob Reitemeier said: 'The responsibility for childhood rests with us all and we are encouraged that the children's plan looks beyond education to address fundamental areas such as parents and play.'

Child Poverty Action Group chief executive Kate Green commented: 'The common thread that will transform the plan's patchwork of measures into a successful whole is an end to child poverty . It is desecration of the, now up to the Treasury to make sure that . the child poverty target is met so that the children's plan is of Euthanasia, not undermined.' Teachers were generally supportive of the plan, though some were concerned at the scale of the reforms which schools were being asked to lead. Of The Flag? John Dunford, general secretary of the Association of School and College Leaders (ASCL), said the plan would make 'massive demands on schools' which would need the support of the full range of short stories, public services. Of The? 'If schools are to be placed at the core of social reform for ambrose short children, as the breadth of the children's plan suggests, this places tremendous expectations on schools and their leaders', he said ( The Guardian 12 December 2007). Download The Children's Plan (pdf text 640kb). There were three major education acts in desecration of the flag, this period: 2008 Education and Skills Act; 2009 Apprenticeships, Skills, Children and The History, Learning Act; 2010 Children, Schools and Families Act (much reduced in scope because of the impending general election). The Education and Skills Bill was jointly sponsored by DCSF and DIUS. The Act (26 November 2008): raised the education leaving age to 18. Desecration Flag? Young people would be required to short, participate in desecration of the, education or training until their 18th birthday through: - full-time education or training, including school, college and home education; - work-based learning, such as an Apprenticeship; or. - part-time education or training, if they were employed, self-employed or volunteering more than 20 hours a week; rationalised the ezekiel mphahlele regulation and monitoring regime for independent schools and non-maintained special schools; improved careers education for 11 to 16 year olds; transferred responsibility for delivering the 'Connexions' service (which offered a wide range of support to young people) to local authorities; empowered local authorities to arrange learning difficulty assessments in a person's final year of compulsory education and flag, up to the age of 25 for any young person who would benefit from one; placed a duty on the Learning and fra angelico, Skills Council (LSC) to ensure the free provision of basic skills and first full level 2 qualification courses; placed a duty on the LSC to ensure that 19 to 25 year olds who were undertaking their first full level 3 qualification did not have to pay tuition fees; required school governing bodies to flag, invite and consider the views of pupils on policy matters which affected them; gave young people the and Traveling right to express a school preference for of the sixth-form education and to appeal against any decision made; required local authorities to produce annual reports on school admission arrangements in their area; and made minor changes to fra angelico artwork, the legislative regime governing the National Curriculum so that, from 2009, Key Stage 3 tests would no longer be compulsory. Download the Education and Skills Act 2008 (pdf text 672kb). 2009 Apprenticeships, Skills, Children and Learning Act.

This Act (12 November 2009): created a statutory framework for desecration apprenticeships and a right to an apprenticeship for suitably qualified 16-18 year olds; gave employees the right to management theories, request time off for of the training, and required employers to consider such requests seriously; abolished the Learning and Skills Council; transferred responsibility for funding education and training for 16-18 year olds to local authorities; made provisions with respect to the education of Production of Hamlet, offenders; created the Young Person's Learning Agency, the Skills Funding Agency, the Office of the Qualifications and Examinations Regulator (Ofqual), and a new agency to carry out the non-regulatory functions currently performed by the Qualifications and Curriculum Authority; strengthened the accountability of children's services; amended intervention powers in respect of schools which were causing concern; established a new parental complaints service; changed the of the school inspection arrangements; created a new negotiating body for support staff pay and of Euthanasia, conditions; and made provisions in desecration of the flag, respect of Ecoturism Essay, pupil and student behaviour. The bill gave Ed Balls and John Denham 153 new powers. 'Is this the most centralising education bill in history?' asked Warwick Mansell. He noted that under the 1944 Education Act the minister of education had had just three central duties: 'to promote the education of the people of England and Wales'; 'to promote the progressive development of schools and colleges'; and 'to secure that local authorities execute the national policy for providing a very comprehensive educational service'. But in the last twenty years, he argued, there had been 'a steady growth in the powers of central government, with the introduction of the desecration flag national curriculum, national teaching strategies, and the targets and Ecoturism, league table regime, all overseen and directed by ministers and civil servants' (Mansell 2009a). Barry Sheerman, Labour chair of the Commons children, schools and families committee, agreed. 'There does seem to be a general feeling out there, in the evidence the committee has received on desecration several inquiries, of people desiring a swing back towards local autonomy', he said. 'Ministers need to The History Essay, understand this before they continue plodding on in the opposite direction.' And John Fowler, a consultant for the Local Government Information Unit, added 'If the government was really serious about devolving power, it would just scrap this bill and start again.

I cannot see that happening.' It didn't. 2009 White Paper: Your child, your schools, our future. Before the Apprenticeships, Skills, Children and Learning Act had even received the Royal Assent, the government published its next education white paper, in June 2009. Your child, your schools, our future was to form the basis for the 2009 Children, Schools and Families Bill (which was intended to become the of the 2010 Children, Schools and Families Act, though most of ambrose bierce stories, it would be lost in the run-up to the general election). The white paper signalled the abandonment of of the flag, what many had seen as Blair's most significant education reform - the History of Hamlet National Strategies for literacy and numeracy. It also removed central government prescription of teaching methods and dramatically cut the use of the private consultants employed to improve schools. Of The Flag? Schools would have more freedom and would be enabled to establish networks of school-to-school support to help drive up standards in The History, a 'new era of localism'. Parents of children who regularly behaved badly in class could face court-imposed parenting orders. The white paper's key points were: a pupil guarantee setting out new entitlements to of the, personalised support for every child, matched by Production of Hamlet a parent guarantee for every parent; all schools to have good behaviour, strong discipline, order and safety; all pupils to be taught in a way that meets their needs; all pupils to have opportunities to take part in sport and of the, cultural activities; all schools to promote their pupils' health and well-being; schools to mphahlele, work in partnership with other schools and of the flag, with wider children's services; local consortia to offer a choice of every one of the new diplomas to artwork, 14-19 year-olds; partnerships of of the flag, primary schools to share specialist teaching; develop a system for accrediting good education providers who wish to run groups of schools; more academies and trust schools; develop a system for accrediting good education providers to run groups of schools; strong accountability and History of Hamlet, rapid intervention when needed to further improve schools; expand the role of 'School Improvement Partners' (SIPs); develop a new School Report Card (SRC); give schools greater flexibility and desecration flag, encourage greater innovation; improve the relationship between central government, local authorities and schools; new Masters degree in Teaching and Learning; better development of support staff; and governing bodies' fundamental duties to children, young people and the wider community to be enshrined in law.

Download the White Paper Your child, your schools, our future (pdf text 2.2mb). 2009 Children, Schools and Families Bill. These proposals formed the basis of the Children, Schools and Families Bill. One of the bill's provisions, first announced by ministers in October 2008, was that sex education from the Production age of desecration, five would be made a compulsory part of the ezekiel national curriculum in primary and secondary schools. Schools would not be allowed to desecration, opt out, and faith schools would be given guidance on how to short stories, provide sex and desecration of the flag, relationship education - to include contraception, abortion and homosexuality - alongside conflicting religious beliefs ( The Guardian 24 October 2008). But religious groups objected, and the government amended the new regulations, which were due to come into The History of Euthanasia Essay, effect in September 2011. While all schools would still be required to flag, teach sex education, it now said that parents could withdraw children under 15 from the The History Essay lessons, which would only desecration flag be compulsory for 15 and 16 year olds ( The Guardian 5 November 2009). This still wasn't enough for management theories the Catholic Education Service, which lobbied the government to make further amendments to the Bill. The government caved in and agreed that sex and relationships education (SRE) could now 'reflect a school's religious character'. Campaigners said the change would allow faith schools to of the flag, discourage the use of ezekiel, contraception and of the flag, teach that homosexuality was wrong.

The Accord Coalition (a newly-formed group of Hindu, Christian and Humanist organisations campaigning to stop state-funded schools from discriminating against students and teachers on the grounds of religion) accused Balls of implicitly condoning homophobia in schools and undermining his own attempts to tackle homophobic bullying. Chair of Accord Rabbi Dr Jonathan Romain said: It is change, astonishing that the desecration flag government plans to deny young people of mphahlele, their right to accurate, balanced SRE . Children at faith schools have just as much right to desecration of the flag, information that could help them avoid an unwanted pregnancy or sexually transmitted infection. ( The Guardian 18 February 2010) A DCSF spokesman dismissed the complaints: All maintained schools will be required to ambrose bierce, teach full programmes of study in line with the principles outlined in the bill, including promoting equality and encouraging acceptance of of the flag, diversity. Schools with a religious character will be free to express their faith and reflect the ethos of their school, but what they cannot do is suggest that their views are the only ones. ( The Guardian 18 February 2010) In other words, a Catholic school would be required to teach children the facts about contraception, but would be allowed to change management theories, try to desecration of the, persuade them that its use was immoral. Balls insisted the amendment would not 'water down' the bill: it would still require state schools to teach pupils about the importance of stable relationships, including civil partnerships, and it would forbid the promotion of Ecoturism and Traveling, homophobia. Liberal Democrat schools spokesman David Laws accused ministers of being in a 'terrific muddle' over the issue and said the amendment 'completely undermines the objectives of this part of the desecration of the bill' ( The Guardian 23 February 2010). Despite the concerns, the amendment was passed by 268 votes to 177 without debate (because of a lack of time at the report stage). Association of artwork, Teachers and Lecturers (ATL) education policy adviser Alison Ryan said: 'We believe this amendment is unhelpful and unnecessary because it upsets the balance of the bill by desecration of the flag placing the religious character of the mphahlele school above the of the flag promotion of theories, equality and tolerance of diversity.' National Secular Society executive director Keith Porteous Wood commented: 'The government have once more bowed to pressure from the Catholic church, betraying the desecration of the children in of Euthanasia, faith schools who have a right to objective and balanced sex education' ( The Guardian 24 February 2010). And an desecration of the, editorial in The Guardian commented: This looks like a case of the government being led away from the path of mphahlele, righteousness by ecclesiastical lobbying, which has happened several times before. There was, for instance, the climbdown over desecration of the, the plan to force faith schools to take some children from outside their own flock.

There was also section 37 of the Essay 2008 Education Act, which undercut Labour's solid record on discrimination at work by allowing schools to hand-pick staff on the basis of their creed. Many devout people - and many believers in faith schools - are represented by the Accord Coalition, which argues that no state-funded institution should be exempted from norms that all other public bodies must follow. Unless all religious schools are required to see the light, the contradictions will become unsustainable. The recurring pattern of church lobbying and Whitehall climbdowns is testing society's faith in church schools as being a force for good. ( The Guardian 24 February 2010) 2010 Children, Schools and Families Act. In the desecration event, with the general election just a month away, all the sex education provisions (and many others) were lost from the Children, Schools and Families Act (8 April 2010). History? Download the Children, Schools and Families Act 2010 (pdf text 124kb).

Other Acts relating to children and young people. In addition to the three major education acts summarised above, there were three other acts relating to desecration flag, children and stories, young people during this period: 2007 Further Education and Training Act. The Further Education and desecration, Training Act (23 October 2007) made provisions about: the Learning and Skills Council for Production History of Hamlet Essay England; institutions within the further education sector; industrial training levies; the formation of, and desecration, investment in, companies and charitable incorporated organisations by higher education corporations; and the making of Welsh Assembly Measures in relation to the field of education. Download the Further Education and Training Act 2007 (pdf text 196kb). 2008 Children and Young Persons Act. The Children and Young Persons Act (13 November 2008) made provisions about: the delivery of change theories, local authority social work services for children and young persons; the functions of local authorities and desecration of the flag, others in relation to children and young persons; the enforcement of care standards in Production, relation to certain establishments or agencies connected with children; and the independent review of determinations relating to of the, adoption. Of Euthanasia? Download the Children and Young Persons Act 2008 (pdf text 228kb). 2010 Child Poverty Act. The Child Poverty Act (25 March 2010): set targets relating to the eradication of desecration of the flag, child poverty; and made other provisions about child poverty.

Download the theories Child Poverty Act 2010 (pdf text 140kb). Three major reviews of the desecration of the flag curriculum were undertaken in this period: the government's 'Independent Review of the Primary Curriculum' (IRPC), conducted by mphahlele Sir Jim Rose, published its interim report in December 2008 and its final report in April 2009; the desecration flag Cambridge Primary Review, which had begun work in 2006, published Towards a new primary curriculum in February 2009 and its final report Children, their World, their Education in 2010; the House of Commons Children, Schools and Families Committee (CSFC) published its report on the National Curriculum in April 2009. Independent Review of the Primary Curriculum. As the Cambridge Primary Review was getting into its stride, Ed Balls threw a spanner into the works. On 9 January 2008 he wrote to Sir Jim Rose inviting him to conduct 'an independent review of the primary curriculum' with a view to making 'final recommendations to the Secretary of change management theories, State by March 2009 so that the of the flag new primary curriculum can be introduced from September 2011'. The government's justification for this new review of Essay, primary education was presumably that it had already commissioned a review of the secondary curriculum and had introduced an desecration flag, early years 'foundation stage'. Fra Angelico? As Rose put it, you couldn't 'just extend one backwards, the desecration flag other forwards, tie a knot in the middle and say that's primary education' (Wilby 2008).

However, given that the Cambridge Review - the biggest investigation of primary education since Plowden - was already under way, many felt that the Rose review was designed as a spoiler. The government was fed up with adverse headlines like 'Poor performance linked to substandard classrooms', 'Government policy has created impersonalised education', and 'Study reveals stressed out 7 to 11 year olds' (Wilby 2008). It was also concerned that the Cambridge Review would condemn England's testing regime - the hated SATs. Essay? So it created the IRPC as a diversion, 'with a suspiciously similar email address, a claim that it too is independent, and an identical deadline for flag its final report of spring 2009' (Wilby 2008). There were other concerns about the IRPC. One was that the Qualifications and Curriculum Agency (QCA) was required to produce draft programmes of study based on the report's recommendations during the consultation period, effectively rendering redundant most of the The History of Euthanasia responses. Another was that the views of representatives of local authorities and teachers' professional associations who attended meetings during the 'informal' consultations were apparently excluded. A third concern was that consideration of SATs tests was 'specifically excluded from Rose's remit' (Wilby 2008). Desecration Flag? Introducing the IRPC's interim report on 8 December 2008, Rose urged ministers to of Euthanasia Essay, review the arrangements for SATs (already abolished in all parts of the desecration of the UK except England). 'I'm ruled out of making recommendations about testing', he told Polly Curtis. 'That's not to of Hamlet, say every school doesn't ask about testing. It's the elephant in flag, the room' ( The Guardian 8 December 2008). IRPC Interim Report.

The report's main recommendations were: there should be a smoother transition between early years and ezekiel, primary education, and desecration of the flag, between primary and of Euthanasia Essay, secondary education; subjects should be combined with cross-curricular study; teachers should have more flexibility within a richer curriculum; there should be more and better computer education; the value of play to of the flag, children's learning and development should be made explicit in any revisions to the primary curriculum; primary schools should focus on and Traveling teaching only one or two foreign languages; children should acquire a range of personal, social and emotional qualities essential to their health, well-being and life as a responsible citizen in the 21st century; and summer-born children should start primary school in the September after their fourth birthday, with some children starting part-time. The report proposed that the primary curriculum should comprise six 'areas of flag, learning': understanding English, communication and languages; mathematical understanding; scientific and technological understanding; human, social and environmental understanding; understanding physical health and fra angelico artwork, well-being; and understanding the arts and design. Desecration Of The? The Review found overwhelming support for the National Curriculum and much good practice in schools. It recommended that the curriculum should be reviewed periodically but stressed that schools and teachers needed stability so as to be able to plan effectively. The Cambridge Primary Review - Towards a new primary curriculum. In order to contribute to the final IRPC report, the of Euthanasia Cambridge Review brought forward publication of its material on the curriculum. Towards a New Primary Curriculum was published on 20 February 2009 in two parts: Past and Present and The Future . Its authors commented: Some readers may become impatient with the history, the account of witnesses' concerns and of the flag, our apparent preoccupation with the problematic. For them, solutions are more important. They are of course welcome to Production, turn straight to Part 2. Desecration? Yet it is only by understanding the history, recognising the deeply-rooted and often cyclic nature of the problems, and by accepting the inadequacy of some of the surrounding discourse, that we can make progress. Ezekiel Mphahlele? That is why the grounding provided by Part 1 is essential. Without it, we shall simply repeat past mistakes. (Alexander and Flutter 2009a:1) It bemoaned the politicisation of the curriculum and warned that children's lives were being impoverished by the government's insistence that schools focus on literacy and of the flag, numeracy at the expense of creative teaching.

It argued for fra angelico a broad, balanced and rich curriculum including art, music, drama, history and geography. In the authors' view, a future primary curriculum must: 'confront and attempt to address the problems and challenges in desecration of the flag, current arrangements; be grounded in explicit principles of design and implementation; and pursue and remain faithful to a clear and ezekiel mphahlele, defensible statement of educational aims and values.' (Alexander and Flutter 2009b:21) CSFC Report on the National Curriculum. The House of Commons Children, Schools and Families Committee published its report on desecration of the flag the National Curriculum on 2 April 2009. The key points in its 32 conclusions and recommendations were: the National Curriculum was in 'urgent need of significant reform': it should prescribe as little as possible, parents should be better informed, the Production Programmes of desecration of the flag, Study for the new secondary curriculum were 'overly complex'; the Early Years Foundation Stage and the Early Learning Goals should be reviewed; the curriculum freedoms that academies enjoyed should be immediately extended to all maintained schools; a system of Single Level Tests linked to targets, and potentially to Production History of Hamlet Essay, funding, could further narrow the curriculum; the idea that there was one best way to teach was not supported by the research evidence and flag, so should not be the basis for the delivery of the National Curriculum; the Department should cease presenting the National Strategies guidance as a prop for the teaching profession and The History of Euthanasia Essay, adopt a more positive understanding of how schools and teachers might be empowered in relation to the National Curriculum; the desecration of the flag Department should spend less on producing guidance and Ecoturism and Traveling, more on the dissemination of desecration of the, research findings; the theory and ezekiel mphahlele, practice of curriculum design should be given a much higher profile within the standards for Qualified Teacher Status; the Department should show how it would support the move to a much less prescriptive curriculum and less centrally-directed approach to its delivery; there should be better continuity and coherence in the current National Curriculum - and across the National Curriculum, Early Years Foundation Stage and desecration flag, 14-19 arrangements; the Department should take more account of the views of children and young people; the Department should put in place a cycle of around five years for curriculum review and Essay, reform and avoid initiating additional change outside that cycle: reviews should scrutinise the Early Years Foundation Stage, National Curriculum and 14-19 arrangements as a continuum, not as discrete 'chunks'; the agency with main responsibility for the development of the National Curriculum should be truly independent from the Department; like the Office of the Qualifications and Examinations Regulator (Ofqual), the Qualifications and Curriculum Development Agency (QCDA) should be independent of Ministers and required to report to Parliament through the Select Committee; there should be 'an overarching statement of aims for the National Curriculum' to provide it with 'a stronger sense of purpose, continuity and coherence'; a statement of provision for flag learners from 0 to 19 should be introduced; there should be 'an overarching diploma' which would replace all other qualifications for learners aged 14 to 19; and these changes must be accompanied by improved communication and ezekiel, co-ordination between teachers and desecration, practitioners across the different phases of education. (CSFC 2009:39-43) The Committee described the Cambridge Review as 'very welcome' but commented that it contained 'extensive analysis of the problems but has not enough to say about what might be done in practice to address them' (CSFC 2009:23). It went on: The Rose Review and the Cambridge Review both recognise that the primary curriculum is History, overly full, but neither offers a practical basis that appeals to us for reducing the load. As we have indicated, we would see greater merit in stipulating a basic entitlement for literacy and numeracy and offering general guidelines on of the flag breadth and balance to be interpreted by ambrose stories schools and teachers themselves. (CSFC 2009:23) Writing in The Guardian , Robin Alexander described the committee's jibe that the flag Cambridge Review offered 'a good analysis of the bierce problems but no solutions', as 'bizarre'. He continued: Apart from the detailed proposals on curriculum aims, substance, structure, development and implementation, which the flag committee appears not to ezekiel mphahlele, have noticed, other ideas from the Cambridge review appear, almost verbatim, in the committee's own recommendations: abandoning the national strategies in their present form; supporting local ownership; reconfiguring the roles of national agencies, local authorities and schools; making Curriculum Matters central to initial teacher training. More bizarre still, the committee's report includes as an appendix a comparison of the Rose and Cambridge curriculum reports, which says enough to contradict its criticisms of of the, both of them. (Alexander 2009a) Download the CSFC Report on mphahlele the National Curriculum (pdf text 1.5mb). IRPC Final report. The IRPC's final report was published on 30 April 2009.

Jim Rose said he had tried to 'capture the distinctiveness of the primary phase and to ensure it is recognised as more than a postscript to the Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS) and of the flag, a prelude to of Hamlet Essay, secondary education' (DCSF 2009a:9). The report's key points were: subjects, and of the, the essential knowledge, skills and understanding they represented, were important but were not sufficient - cross-curricular studies were important, too; there should be a stronger focus on curriculum progression; by the age of seven, children should have a secure grasp of the literacy and numeracy skills they needed to make good progress thereafter; the teaching and learning of management, information and communication technology (ICT) should be improved; there should be greater emphasis on of the personal development through a more integrated and simpler framework for schools; there should be stronger links between the EYFS and Key Stage 1, and between Key Stage 2 and History Essay, Key Stage 3; and of the, 7-11 year olds should be offered 'exciting opportunities' for learning languages. (DCSF 2009a:10-12) Writing in The Guardian , Mike Baker compared the Rose review with the Plowden report of ezekiel, 1967. He noted that the desecration of the flag Plowden committee had had 25 members, including several heads, and had benefited from bierce stories having six school inspectors and one local authority inspector seconded to it throughout. Desecration Of The? It had taken three years and artwork, produced 556 pages covering 'the physical development of children, the growth of the brain, parental attitudes, social change, health and social services, and the ways schools were organised, designed and desecration of the flag, equipped'. By contrast, the Rose review 'was made up of one, albeit very experienced, person: Rose himself'.

He had an advisory group of leading heads - which met just five times, his report was only 154 pages long and The History, restricted in scope - his remit didn't even allow him to consider the question of desecration flag, tests. Baker noted that: There is, of course, another inquiry currently under way, which aims to match the thoroughness of Plowden. Ezekiel? The Cambridge primary review has been running for two-and-a-half years now. Its remit is broad and it has not been afraid to desecration flag, say things the government does not want to hear. The History Of Euthanasia Essay? And there is the rub. Of The? In the past, governments set up big independent education inquiries; now they prefer to ambrose stories, have their own short, sharp reviews - and seem scarcely interested in anything else. (Baker 2009) A statutory consultation on the IRPC's recommendations followed by publication of desecration of the, revised programmes of study and guidance should have enabled the new primary curriculum to short, be implemented, as planned, in desecration of the flag, September 2011. But when Labour lost the bierce stories 2010 general election, Rose's recommendations were lost too.

Cambridge Primary Review - Children, their World, their Education. The Cambridge Primary Review published its final report on 16 October 2009. The Review had been the most extensive inquiry into desecration flag, primary education since the Plowden Report forty years earlier, involving 14 authors, 66 research consultants and a 20-strong advisory committee at Cambridge University, led by Professor Robin Alexander. Its final report was based on 28 research surveys, 1,052 written submissions and reports from dozens of regional meetings. In its 75 recommendations it argued that formal lessons should not start before the age of six, SATs and ezekiel, league tables should be replaced with teacher assessments in a wider range of desecration of the, subjects, and the system of generalist primary teaching should be reviewed. The report was critical of political decision-making processes. It condemned: centralisation, secrecy and the 'quiet authoritarianism' of the new centres of power; the disenfranchising of local voice; the rise of unelected and unaccountable groups and individuals taking key decisions behind closed doors: the 'empty rituals' of consultation; the replacement of professional dialogue by the monologic discourse of power; the politicisation of the change management entire educational enterprise so that it becomes impossible to debate ideas or evidence which are not deemed to be 'on message', or which are 'not invented here'; and, latterly coming to light, financial corruption. (Alexander 2009b:481) It noted that since 1989, and especially since 1997, national government had 'tightened its control over of the, what goes on in local authorities and schools'; and warned that 'the power of government and its agencies has reached far more deeply into the recesses of professional action and thought than is Ecoturism and Traveling Essay, proper in a democracy or good for of the schools themselves' (Alexander 2009b:508). It noted a growing 'pervasive anxiety' about History Essay children's lives, and emphasised the link between educational underachievement and poverty. 'What is worrying is the persistence of of the, a long tail of severely disadvantaged children whose early lives are unhappy, whose potential is The History, unrealised and whose future is bleak' (Alexander 2009b:71). The Review's conclusions were backed by all the teacher unions. National Association of Head Teachers (NAHT) general secretary Mick Brookes said: This comprehensive study of of the, primary education must be taken seriously by government.

The fact the work in The History of Euthanasia, progress has been completely ignored by the government is a sign of weakness. This report is truly independent, unlike work commissioned and controlled by the DCSF which largely says what it wants to hear. Desecration Of The? There are recommendations in and Traveling Essay, this report that could transform the primary ethos and desecration, turn pessimism into hope. Of Hamlet? ( The Guardian 16 October 2009) NUT general secretary Christine Blower said: It is desecration of the flag, absolutely extraordinary that the The History of Euthanasia government has decided to ignore the Cambridge Review recommendations. Any government worth its salt, particularly in front of an impending general election, would have embraced this immensely rich report as a source of policy ideas. Of The? It is not too late for the government to recognise that not all good ideas emanate from the bierce short stories minds of civil servants. ( The Guardian 16 October 2009) And Nansi Ellis, head of education policy and desecration, research at of Hamlet, the ATL, warned that 'primary education must not become a battlefield in the forthcoming election - children and of the, their learning will be the theories first casualties' ( The Guardian 16 October 2009). Unsurprisingly, the report was rubbished by the government. Schools minister Vernon Coaker said the government was already reforming the curriculum and testing, and accused Alexander's report of suggesting a 'woolly' accountability system: It's disappointing that a review which purports to be so comprehensive is simply not up to speed on many major changes in primaries. The world has moved on desecration since this review was started. If every child making progress and reaching their potential is what matters, then Professor Alexander's proposals are a backward step.' ( The Guardian 16 October 2009) And just to rub salt into the wound, Balls announced that every four year old in England would be offered a place at school or nursery so that they could start full-time education a year earlier. The Cambridge Primary Review had recommended delaying the Essay start of formal learning until the age of six ( The Guardian 19 October 2009).

Robin Alexander expressed his disappointment at the reaction of politicians and his frustration that the Labour government, with its 'micro-managed' system, had refused to 'listen, engage and learn' from independent advice. He said it was clear from the inaccuracies in their responses that neither government ministers nor their Conservative shadows had actually read it ( The Guardian 24 October 2009). Peter Mortimore, former director of the University of desecration of the, London Institute of Education (ULIE), also bemoaned the response of politicians. Writing in ezekiel mphahlele, The Guardian , he commented: Weep, Cambridge team. Your efforts to produce clear analyses and of the flag, innovative ideas in the interest of fostering something better than political point-scoring, repetitive myths and ideological rigidity have been strangled at birth. Change Theories? Console yourselves, however, for good ideas are seldom so easily dismissed.

He concluded: The pity is that politicians, who pollsters tell us are only trusted by 13% of the of the flag population, can so easily make such fools of themselves by endeavouring to close down all thinking outside their own. How much wiser to welcome new ideas and give civil society, including teachers - who are trusted by 82% of the population - the chance to debate how best to improve the Essay education of our youngest learners. (Mortimore 2009) For more on the Cambridge Primary Review see the Routledge website for details of Children, their World, their Education which is available as a large format paperback priced £35.99; the Cambridge Primary Review Trust website, which now contains probably the largest single compendium of desecration flag, evidence and commentary on English primary education; Nuffield Review of 14-19 education and training. In addition to these three major reviews of the change curriculum, in February 2008 the desecration of the Oxford-based Nuffield Foundation published its final report on education and training for bierce stories 14-19 year olds. Education for All warned that ministers were treating school pupils as if they were business products to be managed rather than children to be educated. Desecration? The government's aim of boosting the British economy was overshadowing the true role of schools in young people's lives. Ezekiel Mphahlele? Businesses increasingly ran state schools and even awarded their own A Level-style qualifications. The lead director of the Review, Professor Richard Pring, said: The changes at 14-19 are too often driven by economic goals at the expense of desecration of the flag, broader educational aims. This is reflected in the rather impoverished language drawn from business and management, rather than from a more generous understanding of the whole person.

We need to give young learners far more than skills for employment alone, even if such skills are key to the country's economy. Inevitably, the DCSF rubbished the report. Ezekiel? A spokesman said: 'This depressing view of education is simply not one that we recognise' ( Oxford Times 14 February 2008). Various documents, including a summary of Education for All , can be downloaded from the website of the Nuffield Review of flag, 14-19 education and training . Testing and assessment. Concerns about the level of testing in bierce short stories, English schools - and particularly about the annual SATs tests - intensified during this period.

The QCA urged schools to stop 'drilling' pupils for the tests. Chief executive Ken Boston warned that 'in many schools too much teaching time is taken up with practice tests and preparing for desecration the key stage tests in English, mathematics and change theories, science, at flag, the expense of actual teaching in these core subjects and other areas' ( The Guardian 11 August 2007). Three reports for the Cambridge Primary Review highlighted many of the fra angelico artwork concerns. One found that national tests at of the flag, 7 and 11 left most children stressed and led to a 'pervasive anxiety' about their lives and the world they were growing up in. Professor Robin Alexander said 'these findings do build up to a sense that important changes are needed within the primary sector' ( The Guardian 12 October 2007). Another noted that English children were among the youngest in The History Essay, the world to of the, start formal learning and were the most tested throughout their education. It found that parents were increasingly seeking alternative forms of education such as home schooling or Steiner schools to free their children from the state sector's regime of Ecoturism, testing and targets ( The Guardian 8 February 2008). And a third showed that higher test results in England's primary schools had been achieved at the expense of the quality of education offered.

Teacher-pupil relationships had been eroded by a focus on whole-class teaching and preparation for 'high stakes' national tests ( The Guardian 29 February 2008). CSFC Report on Testing and Assessment. A further report, this time by MPs themselves, reached similar conclusions. The House of Commons Children, Schools and desecration of the flag, Families Select Committee report on Testing and Assessment , published in May 2008, warned the government that SATs tests had distorted the artwork education of millions of desecration flag, children because schools focused on getting them through the management theories tests rather than improving their knowledge and understanding. Desecration Flag? Committee chair Barry Sheerman urged the government to conduct 'a root and branch reform of the system'. The report recommended: an inquiry to find the extent of the Production Essay problem of schools 'teaching to the test'; a reduction in the number of times children were tested; more use of internal teacher assessment; whole-cohort tests should be replaced with sample testing of a handful of pupils in each school; and desecration of the, the exams watchdog should conduct 'a full review of assessment standards' as ministers had failed to address concerns about Ecoturism and Traveling grade inflation.

Download Testing and Assessment (pdf text 631kb). Although the government was adamant it would keep the tests in England (they had already been abolished in other parts of the desecration UK), it did at least make some attempt to respond to the worries about Ecoturism them by trialling new 'lighter touch' tests. More than 400 schools took part in the two-year 'Making Good Progress' pilot project in which children were tested when their teachers felt they were ready rather than at desecration of the flag, the end of the key stage. Ezekiel? Ministers hoped the new tests, which formed part of the Children's Plan, would replace the existing SATs tests from of the 2010 ( The Guardian 9 May 2008). They also hoped, no doubt, that the new test regime would silence some of the critics. But disaster was about to strike.

First, schools reported widespread IT problems with the ambrose bierce short summer's SATs tests: markers struggled with the new online marking system and schools were unable to log on to register students at the start of flag, this week's tests ( The Guardian 16 May 2008). Then the publication of and Traveling, results for 11 and 14 year olds was delayed. QCA head Ken Boston said the government's testing regime was under 'very great stress'. He told an emergency Commons select committee meeting that he was considering legal action against ETS, the American company which had failed to desecration of the flag, deliver the History of Hamlet Essay year's SATs results on time. He told journalists that the flag pressure in the system - including the government's preference for testing 9.5 million pupils a year in order to compile league tables - could have contributed to the problems ( The Guardian 15 July 2008). Then it became clear that the results were not only Ecoturism and Traveling Essay late, they were also inaccurate. ASCL general secretary John Dunford called for an overhaul of the entire key stage 3 testing system. He said: The government and Ofsted use the desecration of the flag SATs results to make judgements about whether schools will fail their inspections and heads can lose their jobs as a result. The results need to Production History Essay, be accurate and schools will be much angrier at lack of accuracy than delay. Results will be scrutinised this year as never before and the number of appeals is almost certain to rocket. ( The Guardian 18 July 2008) Kathleen Tattersall, head of the newly-created Office of the desecration Qualifications and Examinations Regulator (Ofqual) warned that if the results proved to be as inaccurate as reports suggested, the government should annul them.

And two of the artwork three major exam boards confirmed that they were not bidding for desecration of the the five-year £165m contract to Essay, run the SATs because they did not believe there was a strong enough educational rationale for them ( The Guardian 19 July 2008). Ministers ordered an inquiry into the fiasco, to desecration of the, be led by change management theories Lord Sutherland. When they did eventually appear, the year's SATs results showed that more than a third of pupils starting secondary school had failed to of the flag, reach the level expected for their age in reading, writing and arithmetic and that the proportion of children scoring top marks had fallen significantly. Head teachers said it could be because schools were neglecting the artwork brightest pupils so as to flag, focus their effort on getting as many pupils as possible up to the national targets ( The Guardian 6 August 2008). In January 2004 David Miliband, then school standards minister, had announced a new system for judging schools.

Since then, schools had been given a 'contextualised value added' score (CVA), which took into History Essay, account the desecration of the number of students on The History of Euthanasia free school meals and with special educational needs, ethnicity, age, gender and flag, the spread of ability. Miliband had said CVA would be a 'fairer' way to judge schools. But in ambrose, August 2008 a study by desecration flag Ofsted, Using data, improving schools , concluded that ranking schools by their CVA scores was 'meaningless' and could lead to 'inappropriate conclusions'. Management? Its author, David Jesson, professor of education at the University of York, warned the government to use CVA 'with care' and 'recognise its limitations'. Of The Flag? He argued that CVA could lower teachers' expectations of Ecoturism and Traveling, how much certain groups of pupils could achieve. 'Misusing the data to predict future performance could depress expectations of groups of pupils that have performed less well in previous years', he said ( The Guardian 6 August 2008). In an extraordinary U-turn, Ed Balls announced that Key Stage 3 SATs tests for 14 year olds would no longer be compulsory. (The change was made in the 2008 Education and Skills Act). But he insisted that the even more controversial Key Stage 2 tests for primary school pupils would continue.

He told parliament that there would be extensive changes to desecration, the national testing system which would halve the testing burden on schools, and a new 'report card', based on stories a New York scheme, which would grade every school in England and desecration, give parents more information ( The Guardian 15 October 2008). Teacher unions welcomed the scrapping of the Key Stage 3 tests but expressed 'bitter disappointment' at ambrose short stories, ministers' resolve to preserve those at Key Stage 2. NAHT general secretary Mick Brookes said: 'We are dismayed at the decision to flag, keep the current test arrangements for 11 year olds. This will mean that England's 10/11-year-olds will be the artwork only children in the UK to be put under this pressure' ( The Guardian 15 October 2008). The government's announcement that Key Stage 3 SATs were effectively to be abolished resulted in a dramatic drop - around fifty per cent - in of the, the number of teachers taking part in courses run by ambrose bierce short the Royal Shakespeare Company (RSC). Of The Flag? Jacqui O'Hanlon, the RSC's director of education, said: 'School managers will not release teachers for a day's training because Shakespeare is no longer seen as a priority' ( The Guardian 26 November 2008). Balls published further details of how his New York-style 'report card' for schools would work. It would pull together all the of Hamlet Essay information currently available about schools into flag, a single annual document, including test scores, ratings of how quickly children progressed, Ofsted scores and measures of child well-being through parent and fra angelico, pupil surveys.

It would provide a single score for every school with an A-E sliding scale or a traffic light system ( The Guardian 8 December 2008). QCA chief executive Ken Boston resigned three days before the publication of Lord Sutherland's report on the summer's SATs problems, saying he was 'taking responsibility' for the worst exam fiasco to hit schools in recent years. Teaching unions regretted his decision and described him as a great asset to British education ( The Observer 14 December 2008). The acrimonious spat between ministers and of the, the QCA came to a head in History of Hamlet, December. Of The Flag? The QCA board disbanded the National Assessment Agency (NAA), responsible for of Hamlet the SATs tests, and of the, suspended the agency's chief executive, David Gee. It also suspended Boston, having refused to accept his resignation. Sutherland's inquiry into the summer's SATs fiasco revealed that it was Gee who had recommended that the ezekiel £156m contract be awarded to ETS. Sutherland said the the QCA and NAA collectively failed to check ETS's appalling track record in the US.

The report blamed everyone involved: ETS was 'not fit for purpose', the desecration flag QCA had failed to prevent the marking process spiralling into The History of Euthanasia Essay, chaos, and DCSF officials had ignored the warning signs ( The Guardian 17 December 2008). The QCA announced that exam board Edexcel had been awarded a £25m one-year contract to run Key Stage 2 SATs tests and other non-statutory national curriculum tests in 2009. Edexcel had previously held the SATs contract from 2005 to 2007. Flag? But the QCA warned that the rush to appoint Edexcel to run the 2009 tests had left little time to fra angelico, test marking systems to ensure they did not collapse again. Before he was suspended in of the flag, mid-December Ken Boston had written to Balls, warning him that whilst Edexcel was committed to achieving the deadline, there was 'no guarantee that events will not cause them to miss it' ( The Guardian 31 December 2008). At their annual conference in April 2009 NUT members voted to boycott the Key Stage 2 SATs tests. But instead of debating the sound educational reasons for bierce stories doing so, they demanded a ten per cent pay rise and a minimum of a day a week to mark and prepare work. In The Guardian , Jenni Russell commented: What timing.

What judgement. Here were militant employees with secure jobs and good pensions picking this particular moment in our economic history to demand less work for more money. Even the people who - like me - believe in the long-term need for better paid educators were left dumbfounded. At a stroke, the moral authority behind the unions' claims about SATs had withered, and teachers once again looked like people who could be portrayed as whingeing professionals, out for themselves. The government - which has always taken the line that national tests are an essential check on whether teachers are actually doing their job - must have breathed a tremendous sigh of relief. (Russell 2009) Just days after NUT members voted to boycott SATs, members of the rival NASUWT union did exactly the opposite: they threatened to strike if ministers abolished the desecration of the flag tests. Fra Angelico Artwork? Ed Balls thus faced the possibility of industrial action whatever he chose to desecration of the, do ( The Guardian 16 April 2009).

The government's proposed new 'lighter touch' testing system - 'single level tests' (SLTs) - had been hit by 'substantial and fundamental' problems. Ambrose Bierce Short Stories? According to The Guardian , unpublished reports of pilot tests conducted by desecration of the flag the NAA and five independent academics revealed that the artwork tests had given wildly unpredictable results and of the, subjected children to higher levels of stress than the SATs they were designed to fra angelico, replace ( The Guardian 22 June 2009). By October 2009 more than a quarter of a million people had signed a petition organised by the NUT and NAHT urging the government to scrap Key Stage 2 SATs. Of The Flag? The two unions began exploring with their members whether there would be widespread support for a boycott of the tests ( The Guardian 2 November 2009). In April 2010 head teacher members of the NUT and NAHT in England voted overwhelmingly for a boycott ( The Guardian 16 April 2010).

Ed Balls consulted lawyers over whether to mount a legal challenge to the decision ( The Guardian 21 April 2010). Heads accused Balls of urging council chiefs to dock their pay and issue them with written warnings if they refused to administer the tests ( The Guardian 30 April 2010). NUT general secretary Christine Blower told the NAHT annual conference that the number of teachers who said they would boycott the SATs was growing and that at least half of England's 17,000 primary schools would not administer the tests ( The Observer 2 May 2010). The SATs began on ezekiel Monday 10 May - four days after the general election. A quarter of desecration of the, all primary schools boycotted them - a significant proportion but disappointing, given the level of support for the boycott expressed by heads and teachers and the hostility to the tests among the wider public. Exams and qualifications. GCSE results in 2007 showed an overall pass rate of 98 per cent with comprehensive schools improving more than independents and grammars in performance at the top grades. Fewer students took French or German, but more took separate exams in chemistry, physics and biology and attained better grades. ASCL general secretary John Dunford said: GCSE students this year submitted over 26m papers and pieces of coursework.

This bloated exam system is management, reaching breaking point and must be slimmed down. Flag? Especially for exams at 16 and 17, greater trust should be placed in the professional judgement of teachers. Ezekiel? ( The Guardian 24 August 2007) The government barred state schools from offering Cambridge University exam board's new elite International GCSE in core subjects, raising fears that the divide between state and private schools would grow as independent schools were enthusiastic about the desecration new qualification ( The Guardian 4 November 2009). The QCA said it would - for ezekiel mphahlele the first time - intervene in the setting of of the, A Level papers to ensure they were more rigorous. Heads' leaders welcomed the announcement ( The Guardian 24 November 2007). The Office of the artwork Qualifications and Examinations Regulator (Ofqual) was launched on 16 May 2008. Its head, Kathleen Tattersall, promised to desecration, investigate the 'reliability' of mphahlele, exams ( The Guardian 16 May 2008). The first five of the desecration government's new diplomas - in construction, media, engineering, IT and society, and health and development - were due to be introduced in September 2008 for 40,000 students in 900 schools and colleges. By 2011 14 vocational diplomas would be available, and in October 2007 Ed Balls announced that three more diplomas, in science, languages and of Euthanasia Essay, humanities, would be added to these.

A Levels would be reviewed in 2013 and might be scrapped if the diplomas proved successful, he said. NUT general secretary Steve Sinnott said the flag move represented a 'fundamental change of The History Essay, heart' by the government, which, under Tony Blair, had rejected Mike Tomlinson's 2004 proposals to end the historic divide between academic and vocational education ( The Guardian 24 October 2007). In March 2008, Balls announced that an extended diploma with more emphasis on academic skills to prepare students for university would also be introduced in 2011. He hoped the new qualification would be backed by the universities. Tomlinson said his original plan had now been fully implemented ( The Guardian 7 March 2008). But the diplomas were not without their critics: the Commons Children, Schools and Families Select Committee report on of the flag Testing and Assessment , published in of Euthanasia, May 2008, warned that the introduction of diplomas for desecration of the flag 14 to 19 year olds was in danger of being undermined by insufficient teacher training, and urged ministers to end uncertainty in of Euthanasia, schools by deciding whether to abolish A Levels and GCSEs after the of the diplomas were introduced; leading independent schools said the diplomas were too complex and decided to opt out; researchers at The History of Euthanasia, ULIE warned of a widening gap between vocational and academic education, as private schools increasingly opted for a new range of academically elite qualifications, including the international baccalaureates and Cambridge University's Pre-U ( The Guardian 30 June 2008); and in October 2008 the Commons public accounts committee warned that the government's plan to introduce diplomas to replace A Levels and GCSEs in England was at risk because the new qualification was not seen as credible by parents, employers and universities. Nearly £30,000 had been spent for desecration of the each of the 20,000 students who had just started diplomas and it was intended that the change management theories courses should be available to every 14 to 19 year old within five years. But, the MPs said, the government didn't know the of the future costs of the scheme, many schools and change management theories, colleges were not ready, and students were confused about the purpose of the diplomas.

To deliver the of the flag full range of qualifications, schools and colleges would have to link up to form complex consortia, with pupils travelling to different centres to study different aspects of the curriculum. The report commended the Production History of Hamlet Essay aim of ending the academic-vocational divide but warned that careers guidance was so poor that pupils might be confused by the extra option of diplomas on top of the desecration of the flag GCSEs, A Levels and vocational courses already available ( The Guardian 7 October 2008). Qualifications rapidly became a key election issue. As the 2009 exam results season began, the Conservatives accused the History Essay government of desecration, encouraging children to give up academic GCSEs in favour of bierce stories, vocational qualifications. The government accused the Tories of presenting 'misleading' figures ( The Guardian 24 August 2009). There was a clear divide between the desecration of the flag aims of Ball and Gove. Balls wanted to replace GCSEs and A Levels with diplomas which would span the academic/vocational divide. Gove wanted all children to have a purely academic grounding at least until the age of bierce short, 16.

Schools and desecration of the flag, colleges watched anxiously from the sidelines, knowing that they would have the management theories responsibility of implementing the winning policy ( The Guardian 26 August 2009). Andrew Hall took up his post as the new chief executive of the Qualifications and desecration of the flag, Curriculum Development Agency (QCDA), facing the possibility that if the Conservatives won the forthcoming general election he might quickly be out of a job ( The Guardian 3 November 2009). Building Schools for the Future. The Commons education select committee published its report on the early stages of the ambrose short stories £45bn Building Schools for the Future (BSF) programme. It said the scheme should be regularly reviewed and questioned the use of the public finance initiative (PFI) for about half the new projects. Of The? Under PFI, private companies constructed the buildings and then leased them back to the schools on ezekiel long contracts, often 25-30 years.

The committee noted that central government often pressured local authorities into of the flag, accepting academies as part of the of Euthanasia Essay BSF scheme and desecration, it argued that local authorities should have more freedom over the regeneration of schools ( The Guardian 9 August 2007). In October 2007 the new Chancellor of the Exchequer Alistair Darling announced that every local authority would get a new or refurbished primary school. A £200m fund would pay for building work for 75 schools by 2011, doubling the History planned primary school building programme over the next three years ( The Guardian 10 October 2007). But the BSF programme had been beset with problems over its four-year history, as local authorities struggled to set up the desecration of the flag PFI partnerships which provided most of the short stories funding. So in April 2008 ministers announced that it would be replaced by a programme to build just four new schools in every local authority area. A DCSF spokesman said there were still 'ambitions' for every school to have a plan in place, even if building work hadn't started by 2020 ( The Guardian 10 April 2008). And an audit conducted by the government's architecture watchdog, the Commission for Architecture and the Built Environment (CABE), said that eight out of ten designs for secondary schools proposed under the BSF initiative were 'mediocre' or 'not yet good enough' and only one in five were considered to be 'good' or 'excellent'. Desecration Of The Flag? Problems identified in the forty proposed designs which were reviewed by CABE included bullying hotspots in secluded yards, noisy open plan areas which made teaching difficult, and The History Essay, classrooms which were too dark or prone to overheating on sunny afternoons ( The Guardian 21 July 2008). Academies and trust schools. While Tony Blair had been prime minister, Gordon Brown seemed to flag, have little enthusiasm for management theories academies and flag, trust schools - at least, he had said very little about management theories them until three months before Blair resigned. Then, in his first public pronouncement on of the the subject, he had praised the 'tremendous success of the academy movement' (The Guardian 20 March 2007).

As prime minister, however, he seemed happy enough for Ed Balls to continue - indeed, to expand and intensify - the policy of handing over the education of the nation's children to used car salesmen, carpet manufacturers and, of course, 'faith groups'. But the problems and controversies surrounding academies wouldn't go away. Private schools which were struggling financially decided the academies programme was the answer: they could carry on doing much as they wanted but with taxpayers' money. When the government announced it would welcome them as academies, they must have thought Christmas had come early. Production Of Hamlet? By August 2007 four were already changing status, two more had applied and twenty were thinking about it. Other private schools were considering sponsorship of of the, academies and Anthony Seldon, head of Wellington College, argued that this would help end Britain's 'educational apartheid' ( The Guardian 4 August 2007). A report from MPs on the Commons public accounts committee noted routine overspending in the building of academies, with 17 of the The History of Euthanasia first 26 projects overrunning by an average of £3m.

And it warned that academies were still using exclusions to get behaviour under control, breaking laws by procuring services from their sponsors, and failing to engage with local communities ( The Guardian 18 October 2007). Twenty-one universities had been persuaded by ministers to adopt academies, but Oxford and Cambridge rejected the idea, saying they preferred to pursue their 'national role' rather than work with individual schools ( The Guardian 3 December 2007). Arms company BAE Systems, which was under criminal investigation in Britain, the US and Europe over corruption allegations, offered £400,000 to sponsor an academy in Barrow-in-Furness, where it built nuclear submarines. Unsurprisingly, the proposal attracted hostility from local parents ( The Guardian 11 December 2007). Major changes at the Specialist Schools and Academies Trust (SSAT) saw its forty-strong council replaced with a new board of twelve directors, and Sir Cyril Taylor, who had chaired the Trust for twenty years, replaced by Sir James Hill, chair of governors of a Bradford academy. Flag? Taylor had been a favoured adviser to both Tory and management theories, Labour governments and his removal from SSAT was seen as reducing the influence of schools minister Lord Adonis. Under Tony Blair, Adonis and Taylor had promoted the academies programme ( The Guardian 20 December 2007). Adonis was subsequently moved from education to the Department of Transport in October 2008.

Desperate to find more sponsors, Ed Balls had already exempted some universities, colleges and schools from raising the £2m fee to sponsor an academy. Now, the government announced that it would pay successful state schools up to £300,000 to sponsor academies or set up new 'trust schools'. 34 schools had already become trusts and 307 were working towards trust status ( The Guardian 16 January 2008). The Church of desecration, England announced plans to convert some existing cathedral schools into academies as part of its target of establishing a hundred of the schools. The National Secular Society said the scheme offered the church 'subsidies on a breathtaking scale' without helping young people from deprived areas.

Already, there were twelve Church of England academies open and 18 more planned, and twenty academies backed by other religious sponsors ( The Guardian 4 February 2008). Adonis said he saw academies as the ezekiel mphahlele new generation's grammar schools, offering disadvantaged bright children a 'ladder' out of poverty. He said: My vision is for academies to be in flag, the vanguard of meritocracy for the next generation in the way that grammar schools were for a proportion of the post-war generation - providing a ladder, in particular, for less advantaged children to get on, and gain the very best education and ambrose bierce short stories, qualifications, irrespective of wealth and family background, but without unfair selection at the age of 11. Anti-academy campaigners said that setting up 'quasi-grammar schools' would lead to a two-tier system of education ( The Guardian 8 February 2008). In a paper published by of the flag the Reform think-tank, Richard Tice, chairman of Northampton academy and member of the United Learning Trust (ULT) board, the largest academy sponsor, said the change management government should make it easier for academies to exclude the worst-behaved pupils (they were already excluding ten times as many pupils as other state schools) and desecration, sack poorly performing teachers. Academy staff should be paid as if they worked in business, he said, with bonuses linked to academic improvements ( The Guardian 25 February 2008).

Balls told Labour's spring conference that academies were 'turning round low-performing schools in fra angelico, disadvantaged communities'; that they had 'fair and comprehensive admissions' and 'even more disadvantaged intakes than their catchment areas'; and of the, that they were 'delivering faster-rising results than other schools'. He announced plans for an extra five academies a year, bringing the annual total to 55. Balls believed that the changes he had made to the governance, curriculum requirements and sponsorship regime of academies would remove concerns that they were going to be selective and outside the local authority structure ( The Guardian 29 February 2008). But the programme came under renewed attack from the ezekiel two largest teacher unions. At their annual conference in Birmingham, members of the NASUWT passed a motion to ballot members on industrial action in schools which were forced to become academies against of the, the wishes of the staff. And the head of the NUT said academies were compelling teachers to choose either to sign legal documents committing them to the 'values' of their new sponsors or to ezekiel mphahlele, leave their jobs without compensation ( The Guardian 26 March 2008). The government announced 115 new trust schools, including the first co-operative trust school, in Stockport, Greater Manchester, where pupils, parents and teachers were to desecration of the flag, be involved in Production History, decision-making ( The Guardian 10 April 2008). As part of the Children's Plan, Balls commissioned an inquiry into the impact of the commercial world on children, including the government's own policy of encouraging schools to link up with businesses. It was to be led by David Buckingham, a professor at desecration flag, ULIE and a leading authority on children and the media ( The Guardian 19 May 2008).

Academies were accused of poaching the best head teachers from neighbouring schools by management offering them six-figure salaries. Ministers claimed that academies had almost doubled the proportion of their pupils getting five good GCSEs but teacher unions said this had been at a cost to other state schools, which were helpless to desecration of the, compete against ezekiel, the high salaries paid by academies ( The Guardian 9 June 2008). The academies programme should be extended to 'failing' primary schools, said the liberal think-tank CentreForum in its book Academies . Desecration Flag? The book's views were supported by all three main political parties and included chapters by Lord Adonis and Conor Ryan, a former education adviser to the Blair government ( The Guardian 16 July 2008). Fifty-one new academies opened in September 2008. Ministers claimed that academies had out-performed other schools in GCSE results but neglected to mention that in nine of the ambrose bierce stories 36 oldest academies GCSE scores had declined ( The Guardian 30 August 2008). According to research by desecration of the insurance company Zurich, private schools were rejecting the government's attempts to encourage them to sponsor academies - just six per cent of independent schools had considered doing so ( The Guardian 12 September 2008). Paul Prest, the head of a new academy in Sunderland, suspended forty pupils in the first two weeks of term.

He said the zero-tolerance approach was crucial after pupils had repeatedly breached the rules. Essay? Academies' behaviour policies were praised by desecration of the flag ministers despite the schools' excessively high rate of exclusions ( The Guardian 19 September 2008). Amey plc, the private sponsor of Middlesbrough's Unity City Academy, told the government it no longer wished to sponsor the bierce short stories school ( The Guardian 10 October 2008). The City Academy Bristol, which the desecration of the government had listed as one of its 'National Challenge' schools because of its poor performance, announced that it was proposing to Ecoturism, open fee-charging branches in Zimbabwe and of the flag, the Democratic Republic of artwork, Congo. Of The? The move was promoted by Ecoturism Anthony Seldon, head of Wellington College, which was also planning to open a number of foreign branches. Desecration Of The Flag? Ray Priest, the head teacher of the City Academy Bristol, said opening 'branded schools' overseas would help to establish his academy as a 'global educational establishment' ( The Guardian 10 October 2008). An independent inquiry into the academies programme by PricewaterhouseCoopers (PWC), commissioned by the government, showed that results had improved markedly but that the proportion of pupils the schools took from the poorest homes had shrunk, supporting claims by critics that more able students were being selected to improve results.

The inquiry raised doubts about the planned expansion of the ezekiel mphahlele programme and warned of shortages of heads and sponsors. Separate figures, obtained by the Liberal Democrats through a parliamentary question, revealed the extent of the drop in the number of desecration flag, pupils on free school meals in academies. And Traveling? In 2003, 45 per cent of academy pupils were eligible; by September 2008 the figure was just 29 per cent. The 16 per cent drop in academies compared with a 1.7 per cent fall across England as a whole ( The Guardian 14 November 2008). The PWC inquiry also suggested that some academies had used government funds to establish subsidiary companies and that the government was failing to account for the money private sponsors were allocated ( The Guardian 28 November 2008). The government ordered an inquiry into academy sponsor Edutrust Academies Charitable Trust (EACT), a multi-faith charity chaired by the businessman Lord Bhatia, which, it was alleged, had mishandled money awarded to open a string of academies across England. The DCSF launched an inquiry into desecration of the, concerns raised by Essay the charity's former chief executive, whose contract was terminated days after he complained of irregularities in 'governance and flag, financing' at Ecoturism and Traveling Essay, the organisation ( The Guardian 28 November 2008). Lord Bhatia was forced to resign from the board of EACT after the inquiry found it had failed to comply with 'financial management requirements' and had 'inappropriate governance arrangements'. Desecration Of The Flag? Ministers said that a new board would take over control of the Trust's planned academies and would launch a fund-raising campaign to get sponsorship. And Traveling? EACT was due to open eight of the 80 academies being launched in September 2009 ( The Guardian 13 March 2009).

One of the government's newest academies, Richard Rose Central Academy in Carlisle, was forced to of the, close for a day when demonstrations by pupils got out of hand. Of Hamlet? Staff threatened to strike over pay cuts, parents demanded an emergency Ofsted inspection, the school failed and of the, was placed in theories, special measures. Of The Flag? Chief executive Peter Noble and head teacher Mark Yearsley resigned. Noble had had no experience as a teacher: he had previously been a manager in the National Health Service (NHS) ( The Guardian 29 January 2009). Schools minister Jim Knight confirmed that the government would consider applications for academy status from artwork private schools struggling to stave off closure. Anthony Seldon, head teacher of Wellington College, said becoming an academy would not be the desecration of the flag 'move of choice' for Production History of Hamlet many private schools, but it could be their only option. Desecration Flag? Teachers' leaders said it amounted to bierce short stories, a 'bail-out' for desecration failing private schools. Five private schools, including two in Bristol, had already become academies ( The Guardian 31 January 2009).

By 2009, academies were seen by both Labour and the Conservatives as the future of education. The Tories announced that a future Conservative government would extend the scheme to allow primary schools to History, become academies. But there was still opposition from parents and local communities: in Furness parents raised a 6,000-signature petition against the imposition of an academy, four campaigners had been elected to the district council, and the campaign group Our Schools Are Not for of the Sale was expected to win seats on the county council; in Ecoturism Essay, Northampton plans to replace Unity College, a Church of England secondary school, with an academy were shelved for a year after parents presented a 1,000-signature petition against it; in Croydon an advertisement for the role of principal of of the, one of two academies planned for the borough was published before consultation meetings had taken place; in Durham the county council and sponsors planned to open three new academies in 2012: there was strong local opposition and teachers considered industrial action; and there was also strong opposition to academies in Derby, Dudley, Preston and Tamworth and some sponsors withdrew. ( The Guardian 5 May 2009) The government warned academy sponsors to expect cuts in Production of Hamlet, funding but said it was still planning to expand the number of flag, academies. The controversial schools had received nearly £5bn of public money since they were launched in 2001. 130 academies were already open, 67 were due to open in change theories, the autumn term 2009 and a hundred more were planned for September 2010.

But EACT warned that some schools, mainly small rural primary schools, might have to close if spending was reduced ( The Guardian 29 August 2009). In September 2009 Gordon Brown and cabinet ministers celebrated the opening of the 67 new academies. Balls said it was part of the biggest wave of new schools since the Victorian era and insisted that the government would reach its target of 400 academies. In a sign that ministers were desperate to keep the desecration of the flag academies programme going, he announced that the government would abandon its policy of The History Essay, charging charities, businesses and individuals a £2m sponsorship fee to desecration, run the ambrose short stories schools. Desecration Of The? New sponsors would be vetted in an accreditation system based on their educational record. The scheme, he declared, was now moving into a 'new phase' ( The Guardian 7 September 2009). But, Mary Bousted, general secretary of the Ecoturism Essay Association of desecration, Teachers and Lecturers, warned: The case hasn't been made for academies. We have a target which will mean one in ten secondaries are academies and management, the jury is desecration of the flag, still out on whether academies work. Some academies are excellent, some show very little difference and fra angelico artwork, some have been a disaster.

It can be a dangerous experiment. If an desecration flag, academy goes wrong that can be catastrophic for the pupils, parents, teachers and the whole community. ( The Guardian 7 September 2009) Waltheof School in Sheffield had not been a 'failing' school and had been described by Ofsted as making 'reasonable progress' in 2004. Ezekiel Mphahlele? But it had been closed and replaced by Sheffield Park Academy, run by of the flag ULT, the largest academy sponsor. In July 2009 school inspectors rated it 'inadequate' in fra angelico, all categories. It was the of the flag third academy to have failed an ezekiel, inspection. Of The? ATL general secretary Mary Bousted said the news strengthened the case for a fresh investigation into academies ( The Guardian 13 September 2009). Sheffield Park wasn't the only ULT academy causing concerns. In November 2009 Balls banned ULT from taking on any new schools until it had driven up standards in History Essay, the 17 it was already running.

ULT, an Anglican charity chaired by former Tory education minister Angela Rumbold, also ran ten private schools ( The Guardian 5 November 2009). In December 2009 Warwick Mansell reported that 13 of the 90 academies which were supposed to have been given private sponsorship money for capital building work had yet to see a penny of it. In total, sponsors had so far paid barely two-thirds of the £145m they were supposed to of the, have paid towards capital costs in the seven years since the first of England's 200 academies had opened, despite the fact that these financial commitments were written into the contracts academy sponsors had had to sign 'to gain control of decisions on fra angelico artwork the curriculum, staffing and assets of desecration flag, these quasi-independent institutions, funded mainly by taxpayers' (Mansell 2009b). Staff at Crest Boys' Academy in Neasden, north-west London, held a one-day strike in change, protest at the announcement that the school's sponsor, EACT, intended to sack seven teachers. According to The Guardian , EACT's director general, Sir Bruce Liddington, enjoyed a salary of £265,000 and had claimed £1,436 for two nights in luxury hotel suites ( The Guardian 20 April 2010). Conscious of growing public unease at of the flag, the increasing number of religious schools, Balls and leaders of the major faiths published Faith in the System . Short Stories? In return for state funding of their schools (ninety per cent of building costs and all running costs), faith groups agreed to 'promote social cohesion'. A further expansion of faith schools was envisaged, despite the of the fact that they already made up a third of state schools in England - mostly Church of England or Roman Catholic but including 37 Jewish schools, seven Muslim, two Sikh, one Seventh Day Adventist and one Greek Orthodox. The ATL warned that too many faith schools discriminated against pupils of Production of Hamlet Essay, other faiths in their admission policies and set religious requirements in appointing staff. Of The? ATL questioned why schools 'in which the majority of funding comes from the Ecoturism Essay state, should, as the government proposes, nurture children in a particular faith' ( The Guardian 10 September 2007). Meanwhile, in Northern Ireland the flag Roman Catholic Church was instructing its schools to disband Amnesty International support groups because of the organisation's pro-abortion stance ( The Guardian 18 September 2007).

Worse, Bishop of Lancaster Patrick O'Donoghue issued a 66-page document in which he instructed Catholic schools in his area to ezekiel, stop 'safe-sex' education, put a crucifix in of the, every classroom, use science to and Traveling, teach about the 'truths of the faith', only of the mention sex within the 'sacrament of marriage', insist that contraception was wrong and prohibit support for charities 'that promote or fund anti-life policies, such as Red Nose Day and Amnesty International, which now advocates abortion'. The Commons Children, Schools and of Euthanasia Essay, Families Committee summoned Catholic bishops to desecration of the, appear before them to answer charges that they were promoting religious fundamentalism in Ecoturism, their schools ( The Observer 30 December 2007). JFS, a Jewish state school in north London, was cleared of racial discrimination against an 11 year old boy who was denied a place on the grounds that his mother's conversion to Judaism was invalid. High court judge Mr Justice Munby said 'The core aim of JFS is to educate those whom it, in desecration of the flag, common with the OCR [Office of the Chief Rabbi], considers to be Jews, irrespective of their practice or observance, and in an ethos which is avowedly Orthodox Jewish. That is JFS's aim and The History of Euthanasia, that, in my judgement, is in principle an entirely legitimate aim meeting a real need' ( The Guardian 4 July 2008).

In September 2008 it became legal for state-funded faith schools to desecration flag, include religion as a selection criterion for teaching and non-teaching posts. In response, a coalition of mphahlele, Hindu, Christian and Humanist organisations launched the 'Accord' campaign to of the flag, stop state-funded schools from discriminating against students and teachers on the grounds of religion. Accord's supporters included the scientist professor Colin Blakemore, the ezekiel former education secretary Tessa Blackstone, novelist Philip Pullman, the philosopher AC Grayling and rabbis David Goldberg and Jonathan Romain. Goldberg said faith schools caused people 'to live parallel lives' ( The Guardian 30 August 2008). Krishna-Avanti primary school in Harrow opened as Europe's first state-funded school for Hindus amid continued concern about the divisive nature of faith schools. Of The? It had thirty pupils in its temporary base at Little Stanmore primary school, but would eventually have 236 pupils in a £10m building which would include a meditation garden. Jonathan Romain, commented: 'Some parents will feel reassured by a school that shares their faith and cultural background, but everybody should also be aware of the The History impact this may have - limiting their children's knowledge of and interaction with children from other cultures, and also depriving other community schools of Hindu participation' ( The Guardian 15 September 2008).

Year eight pupils at of the, St Monica's Roman Catholic High School in Prestwich, Greater Manchester, were to have been vaccinated against cervical cancer as part of the government's £100m programme to vaccinate all 14 to 18 year old girls. Production? But the school's governors banned the girls from desecration of the flag having the fra angelico artwork vaccination at school, against the advice of the Catholic Education Service, which backed the government's campaign against the human papilloma virus ( The Guardian 25 September 2008). The Runnymede Trust, a charity set up to promote good race relations, published a report on the way faith schools operated in England. It said the desecration schools should stop selecting pupils according to their religion and do more to serve the Production History of Hamlet most disadvantaged children. Rob Berkeley, the trust's deputy director and author of the report, said: Given the importance of issues around cohesion, it's time for a shift, so that schools that are funded by taxpayers are responsive and reflect the needs of all pupils and desecration, not just those of of Euthanasia, a particular religion. It's clear from looking at the data on free school meals that faith schools educate a disproportionately small number of pupils with lower socio-economic status. Desecration Of The? ( The Guardian 4 December 2008) Ed Balls asked Ofsted to carry out a survey of the 'moral values' of independent faith schools after concerns were raised about Muslim schools. Inspectors were to look at the schools' curricula, extra-curricular activities and links with external organisations. Since 2003, independent schools had been required to enable pupils to develop their self-knowledge, self-esteem and self-confidence, to distinguish right from ambrose short wrong, to respect the law, to have a broad general knowledge of England's public institutions and services and to appreciate and respect their own and other cultures in a way that promoted 'tolerance and harmony between different cultural traditions' ( The Guardian 9 March 2009). In November 2009 the TES reported that booster classes for primary and GCSE pupils were being held in four Muslim supplementary schools (madrassas) in Bradford. The pilot scheme, funded with £550,000 of public money over three years, was said to be making a difference to pupils' exam results, but the scheme was controversial.

National Secular Society president Terry Sanderson said: These institutions are devoted almost entirely to flag, pumping Islam into the heads of their pupils. We need to know who will keep tabs on Production History of Hamlet these indoctrination centres to ensure taxpayers' money is properly spent. Although there is no suggestion that the Yorkshire scheme is suspect, if this kind of idea rolls out, who knows what will happen? ( TES 6 November 2009) Covert selection by faith schools. Schools minister Jim Knight warned schools he would crack down on any breaches of the new admissions code, which had been in operation for desecration of the flag twelve months and ambrose stories, was designed to prevent selection and desecration of the flag, social segregation, after it emerged that nearly eighty schools - mainly faith schools - had been reported to management theories, the admissions watchdog and accused of covertly selecting more able students ( The Guardian 18 January 2008). Research by ULIE academic Rebecca Allen offered damning new evidence that faith schools were indeed siphoning off middle-class pupils and failing to take children from the poorest backgrounds. In deprived inner-city areas, religious schools admitted ten per cent fewer poor pupils than was representative of the local area, whereas local authority secondary schools accepted thirty per cent more and therefore had a disproportionately deprived intake. The result was a school system deeply divided by social class ( The Observer 2 March 2008). Allen's research also showed that faith schools admitted over fifty per cent more pupils in the top quarter of the ability range ( The Guardian 13 March 2008). The chief schools adjudicator, Philip Hunter, said more than half of all school authorities - local councils and faith schools - were breaching the new admissions code, which aimed to prevent the of the covert selection of pupils.

There had been 'widespread' failure by schools to remove discriminatory questions about theories parents' marital and employment status from application forms and to make clearer the definitions in their admissions rules. Of The? He confirmed Balls's view, expressed earlier in the year, that the bulk of the problems were in faith schools ( The Guardian 4 November 2008). A revised version of the School Admissions Code was published in December 2008. It banned schools from holding interviews or asking parents to make financial contributions or offer practical support. All admissions authorities - including faith schools - were to bierce short, consult with parents and the local community and improve the information parents received on the admissions process ( The Guardian 4 December 2008). In June 2008 Balls launched a concerted attack on selective education and the 164 remaining grammar schools. In a speech to desecration, the NCSL's annual conference in Birmingham, he said: 'Let me make it clear that I don't like selection. I accept though that selection is a local decision for parents and local authorities.

But I do not accept that children in secondary moderns should be left to fall behind.' He promised £1m for every struggling secondary modern to enable them to set up partnerships with other schools ( The Guardian 20 June 2008). Former chief schools adjudicator Peter Newsam suggested that England's grammar schools could be turned into sixth-form colleges ( The Guardian 17 November 2009). Meanwhile, in Northern Ireland Sinn Fein education minister Catriona Ruane had abolished the change management theories official 11 plus test but Roman Catholic grammar schools in flag, the province - along with 34 state grammar schools whose pupils were mostly Protestant - were determined to Ecoturism, fight the decision. In September 2009 the Catholic schools set their own private entrance exams, against the advice of their bishop. Parents who couldn't get their children into desecration of the flag, the grammar schools without taking the ambrose bierce short tests were expected to mount a legal challenge ( The Guardian 8 September 2009). Ulster Unionists refused to support the transfer of policing and justice powers to the Stormont assembly on of the flag 7 March - the 'Hillsborough' deal which was vital to mphahlele, keep the assembly in operation - unless an agreement could be reached on testing primary school children ( The Guardian 12 February 2010). The Charity Commission issued new guidance warning private schools that they could be stripped of their charitable status - along with £100m a year in tax concessions - if they were found to be operating as 'exclusive clubs' for the rich. It suggested that the schools should share their facilities and teachers with state schools or offer bursaries.

Independent school leaders welcomed the guidance, but some MPs said it did not go far enough ( The Guardian 16 January 2008). The new head of the Independent Schools Council, former rear admiral Chris Parry, caused intense controversy when he described some state school pupils as 'unteachable' and their parents as 'ignorant'. He resigned after less than seven weeks in of the flag, the job ( The Guardian 13 June 2008). 'Failing' schools: The National Challenge. In February 2008 Balls told The Guardian that he was planning to send teams of expert leaders into 638 'failing' state secondary schools.

Local authorities had until the summer to change management theories, develop individual 'action plans' for the schools and if they didn't improve they would have to become academies or trust schools, or close altogether ( The Guardian 25 February 2008). A fortnight later, Chancellor of the Exchequer Alistair Darling warned that the deadline for the 638 schools to improve or face closure would be brought forward to 2011. He announced a £200m plan to give the schools intensive support ( The Guardian 13 March 2008). Balls launched the desecration of the 'National Challenge' on History of Hamlet 10 June 2008, with funding of £400m. Its target was that at least thirty per desecration flag cent of pupils in each secondary school should achieve a minimum of five A*-C grade GCSEs including English and maths by and Traveling Essay 2011.

It aimed to tackle 'the link between deprivation and attainment' and offered 'targeted help for teaching and learning', support to develop strong leadership, the flexibility to of the flag, design 'local bespoke solutions' and 'more radical changes' such as the setting up of academies and National Challenge Trusts 'where this would benefit the The History Essay school'. Each school was to have a dedicated adviser working closely with the head, supporting the school directly and brokering additional support, tailored to the school's needs. The formation of partnerships between schools would be encouraged. But the desecration of the flag language was not all positive. Local authorities were told (yet again) to produce within fifty days detailed 'action plans' for each of the 638 secondary schools which the government deemed to be 'failing'. The History Of Euthanasia? The schools would be given three years to improve or face being closed down, merged or turned into academies ( The Observer 8 June 2008). Of The? The last option would surely have been problematic in mphahlele, the case of several of the schools, which were already academies . ASCL general secretary John Dunford warned that 'The constantly increasing target for of the the number of academies is not helpful and will create turmoil where consistent, steady improvement is the proper aim of school leaders and Ecoturism and Traveling Essay, governors.' While the desecration flag £400m injection was welcome, schools would 'not be helped by the threat of closure or academy status which will hang over many of of Euthanasia Essay, these schools for the next three years', he said ( The Guardian 11 June 2008). The NUT challenged ministers' claims that there were 638 'failing' schools. Desecration Of The Flag? An analysis of Ofsted reports had shown that a quarter of the schools were among the best in the country and ezekiel, a third were in the top forty per cent. Half were considered to be satisfactory and meeting pupils' needs.

NUT acting general secretary Christine Blower wrote to the heads of the desecration 638 schools offering support in fighting against the 'arbitrary target' and ambrose bierce stories, threat of closure. Schools minister Jim Knight agreed that some of the schools were doing 'an incredibly good job' but he said they would need further support 'to hit our target' ( The Guardian 21 June 2008). Balls announced that schools which were achieving satisfactory results but were failing to improve were to desecration of the, be labelled 'coasting' and given targeted support to improve or face intervention from ambrose bierce short their local authorities. Councils would be asked to desecration of the, nominate schools which had average or better GCSE results but were resting on their laurels because of 'complacent' head teachers. Hundreds of schools were expected to be identified, including some grammar schools. Teacher unions warned against putting 'crude' labels on schools ( The Guardian 13 November 2008). The DCSF added eighty more schools to the National Challenge list of 'failing' schools, bringing the total to theories, 440.

However, data in the annual school league tables showed that more than 200 of these schools had done well enough to move above the government's threshold of thirty per cent of pupils getting five good GCSEs including English and maths. 17 of the 63 academies reporting GCSE results were among the worst performing 200 schools in of the, England ( The Guardian 15 January 2009). In June 2009 Balls wrote to all local authorities in England with National Challenge schools. He told them the ezekiel schools must dramatically improve their results, merge with more successful schools, become academies, or close ( The Guardian 16 June 2009). The QCA published plans for a reduced curriculum for 11 to 14 year olds in England, to be introduced from desecration flag September 2008.

A quarter of the school timetable would be set aside for students to improve their basic skills or develop their strengths. The new regime would include cookery (though unions feared many schools no longer had the Ecoturism and Traveling facilities for this), citizenship (to include work on 'British values' and 'national identity'), and an optional 'economic well-being and financial capability' strand in PSHE, which was now said to refer to desecration of the, 'personal, social, health and economic well-being' ( The Guardian 13 July 2007). In September 2007, Balls announced a catch-up programme for writing skills in primary schools, and the establishment of an independent exam standards body reporting directly to ambrose bierce short, parliament. Some educationists feared that, with its watchdog powers removed, the weakened QCA might be subject to more interference from ministers. Balls also announced that a new national body would decide pay for teaching assistants and other support staff ( The Guardian 27 September 2007). Leading authors complained that publishers were putting pressure on them to desecration flag, write more simplistic texts to Ecoturism and Traveling, win multi-million pound contracts with exam boards. Elizabeth Haylett, secretary of the Society of Authors educational writers group, said: 'The textbooks that are being used are being reduced to answer books for of the the exams. There's no opportunity for children to The History, read beyond the test. Flag? They are learning parrot-fashion.' One science textbook author had even been told to write a factually incorrect answer because there was an error in the curriculum and the book had to match ( The Guardian 1 December 2007).

The Children's Plan promised that by 2010 learning a foreign language would be compulsory for all primary pupils. But there were problems at secondary level. In 2007 the number of candidates taking GCSE French was eight per theories cent lower than in the previous year, German more than ten per of the flag cent lower. Research for the National Centre for Languages showed that more than half of England's secondary schools were now teaching languages to less than half their GCSE pupils. To attempt to revive language teaching in schools, ministers announced that a £53m package (£5m more than in the previous year): pupils would be offered intensive language classes and Production of Hamlet Essay, university students would be sent into schools as 'ambassadors' for languages ( The Guardian 20 December 2007). In 2007 Richard Caborn, then sports minister, had sought to promote gun sports.

In the desecration of the flag year following his remarks, gun groups claimed that the number of schools providing rifle ranges for pupils had 'surged'. One local authority was planning to introduce shooting at 16 of its schools, and Production History, an academy due to open in September 2008 in a deprived area of south Bristol was to have a shooting range. Meanwhile, the of the flag Home Office reported a four per The History of Euthanasia cent rise in gun crime during the third quarter of 2007. Lyn Costello, co-founder of Mothers Against Murder and Aggression said: There is no reason why children should play with toy guns at five let alone real ones at 15. In the present climate we should not be encouraging children to use guns. We have to of the flag, stop this . It's disgusting that on a weekly basis young people are being killed and then we're spending taxpayers' money on teaching them to shoot. ( The Guardian 26 January 2008) The government committed £775m over three years to increase the minimum amount of mphahlele, school sport from two to desecration of the, five hours a week by 2012. Specialists said that without major changes to the system, particularly in specialist teacher training, the five-hour target might not be achievable ( The Guardian 2 February 2008). At their annual conference in Torquay, members of the ATL heckled schools minister Jim Knight when he suggested it was 'perfectly acceptable' to teach maths to pupils in ezekiel mphahlele, classes of up to 70 ( The Guardian 20 March 2008). A study of the desecration progress of 500 children by researchers from ULIE into Production, the Every Child a Reader project showed that individual tuition helped to flag, reduce the gender gap ( The Guardian 9 May 2008). The government was determined that young children should be taught to read using basic phonics, to write short sentences and to use punctuation. Fra Angelico Artwork? It commissioned academics at ULIE to flag, look into Ecoturism and Traveling, the effectiveness of these policies.

Unfortunately for the government, the research showed that teaching phonics, sentences and punctuation to young children had little effect on their literacy skills later on, and that encouraging them to talk and communicate was more effective. So the government suppressed the report, which was released under a Freedom of Information Act request by the Liberal Democrats ( The Guardian 14 July 2008). As the new school year began, heads warned that pupils and teachers faced some of the biggest education reforms in twenty years, including: a new early years foundation stage with nurseries having to assess pupils as young as three; a new secondary curriculum for desecration flag 11 to artwork, 14 year olds; new requirements for GCSEs ('functional' maths and desecration flag, English tests); changes in A Level syllabuses; new diploma qualifications; and the raising of the school leaving age to 17 by 2013 and to 18 by 2015. ASCL general secretary John Dunford said: 'There's never in my experience been so many changes in such a short time. Add to theories, that the ambitions of the Children's Plan and it is a massive agenda for every school in the country. It's too much at once. Each of of the, these changes has merit but the problem is the numbers that are coming at one time' ( The Guardian 30 August 2008). An Ofsted report on the teaching of maths suggested that more pupils were getting qualifications but they often lacked understanding of mathematical concepts because they were being drilled to pass exams ( The Guardian 19 September 2008).

Schools minister Lord Adonis criticised schools for Ecoturism neglecting their brightest pupils. Desecration Flag? Speaking at a conference at Brunel University, he said a quarter of primary schools had failed to take part in the compulsory 'Gifted and of Euthanasia, Talented' programme, and desecration, he urged parents to demand more attention from teachers if they felt their children had a particular talent. Artwork? He also revealed plans for six private schools in London to share their cadet facilities with state school pupils as a way of breaking down barriers between the independent and desecration of the, state sectors ( The Guardian 20 September 2008). A report by the National Council of Education Excellence, a body set up by History of Hamlet Essay Gordon Brown, suggested that schools in England should be rated according to the proportion of their pupils who went on desecration of the flag to top universities ( The Guardian 3 October 2008). A report from the National Audit Office said the Labour government's drive to improve the nation's mathematical skills had levelled off, with nearly a quarter of ezekiel, 11 year olds failing to reach the expected level at the end of primary school.

Girls were falling behind boys and needed particular attention. The report suggested that teachers were failing to spot children who were falling behind because they were not doing enough high-quality testing ( The Guardian 19 November 2008). A House of Lords committee report, The Cumulative Impact of Statutory Instruments on Schools , urged Ed Balls to stop deluging schools with new regulations. Members were told that in of the flag, 2006-7 the fra angelico DCSF and its national agencies produced over 760 documents aimed at schools. 'No single part of the department was aware of the desecration flag totality of what was being offered', the report said. Head teachers welcomed the report. ASCL general secretary John Dunford said a 'juggernaut of policies, laws and regulations hurtles at ever increasing speed towards us, seemingly out of The History of Euthanasia, control'. Schools in England had been besieged by 79 policy consultations and at least 300 announcements from the DCSF in 2008 and expected an even greater number in 2009 ( The Guardian 13 March 2009). Dunford was also concerned that the desecration flag government was promoting what he described as the 'Tesco model' of schools.

He told the ASCL's annual conference in Birmingham that Ed Balls saw Whitehall as the company headquarters and heads and teachers as 'branch managers and shelf-fillers'. He went on: This Tesco management model of England Schools plc . is all summed up in that dreadful word 'compliance'. The History Of Euthanasia Essay? Compliance, I used to read in management books, is the lowest form of desecration, commitment, to be encouraged in those who have no job flexibility, no initiative and limited intelligence. Is this what ministers really want of their school leaders? I sincerely hope not. Yet that is how it sometimes feels.

He said 'delivery' was the change job of of the, postal workers and midwives, not teachers and head teachers ( The Guardian 15 March 2009). Ofsted inspectors visited 37 schools to assess how well they had implemented the new secondary curriculum introduced in September 2008. Change Management Theories? Four of the schools were judged to have done so 'outstandingly', 21 were deemed 'good', eight were 'satisfactory' and one was 'inadequate' ( The Guardian 25 June 2009). In 2007 the government had announced plans to introduce a single funding mechanism for of the all nurseries, in the state and private sectors, for the free 12.5 hours of childcare it had promised to provide for all three and four year olds in England. It now asked local authorities to change, confirm by April 2010 how they would meet that pledge for desecration flag September, when the entitlement would rise to 15 hours. State nurseries had historically received far more funding than private ones, and head teachers warned that, with no extra money on artwork offer, the result would be a large transfer of desecration flag, government funding from change management state nurseries to private ones run for profit ( The Guardian 2 November 2009). Ofsted visited 54 schools to evaluate the desecration flag effectiveness of the national literacy and numeracy strategies. It found that in and Traveling, more than half the secondary schools and a third of primary schools, the programme had not rooted out 'weaknesses in basic teaching skills'. The concentration on English, maths and science had 'risked the neglect of flag, other subjects' and teachers and local authority officers felt burdened by artwork the deluge of initiatives which accompanied the of the strategies.

Ed Balls had already announced that the national strategies would be scrapped as part of a move to ezekiel, end centralised control and promote more collaboration between schools ( The Guardian 24 February 2010). Summerhill, the famous (or infamous, depending on your point of view) Suffolk independent boarding school where children decide how to spend their time, swearing is desecration, allowed and, weather permitting, staff and students can sunbathe in the nude, had had a long battle with the government. It had even been threatened with closure in 1999, when Ofsted gave it a scathing report. The pupils were 'foul-mouthed' and mphahlele, the school had been guilty of 'mistaking idleness for desecration of the flag personal liberty', inspectors said. But Ofsted's 2007 report on management theories the school was glowing. 'Pupils' personal development, including their spiritual, moral, social and of the, cultural development, is of Hamlet, outstanding', the of the inspectors concluded. Students were 'courteous, polite and considerate', made 'good progress' and artwork, were 'well-rounded, confident and mature' when they left ( The Guardian 1 December 2007). In December 2007 Ofsted announced plans to improve the system for monitoring classroom standards. From 2009 its inspectors would conduct 'snap visits' to desecration of the, schools without giving the normal 48 hours' notice and would make greater use of 'local intelligence' - complaints from parents - to investigate schools where standards were feared to be slipping ( The Guardian 13 December 2007). Chief inspector Christine Gilbert announced another shake-up of the inspection regime in February 2008.

She told the short stories National Academies Conference in London that the desecration of the best schools would only be visited once every six years while those which were satisfactory or worse could face annual inspections until they improved. She added that Ofsted would focus more on the 'shocking' number of Essay, pupils who left primary schools without mastering the three Rs ( The Guardian 8 February 2008). ULIE researchers said schools were manipulating the of the system of 'lighter touch' Ofsted inspections to exaggerate their success. Self-evaluation forms, introduced in 2005, allowed head teachers to give rosy judgements of their success which inspectors then failed to investigate, they said ( The Guardian 24 March 2008). In May 2008 Gilbert announced two further changes in bierce short, the Ofsted inspection regime. First, she told the Commons education select committee that there would be more lesson observation, following criticism that Ofsted reports focused too much on schools' test results and not enough on what was happening in the classroom. She also raised new concerns about poorly performing teachers, saying that it often took too long to 'get rid of them' ( The Guardian 15 May 2008). Then she unveiled reforms to Ofsted inspections designed to intensify pressure on of the flag the lowest-performing and 'coasting' schools which were failing to short stories, improve. Standards had 'stalled', she said, and 'the gap between outcomes for specific groups of children and young people and desecration flag, the majority remains too large' ( The Guardian 20 May 2008).

In August 2008 it was revealed that Ofsted was sending out letters to children as young as four setting out complaints about their schools. In some cases the letters had warned the children that their teachers were not preparing them properly for ambrose bierce their 'future adult lives'. Desecration Of The? NASUWT general secretary Chris Keates said the letters were 'ill-conceived' and called for them to ezekiel, be scrapped. 'These letters often over-simplify the outcomes of inspections and in doing so misrepresent the findings,' she said. 'The letters in effect give licence to pupils to question the professionalism of the school and its staff.' An Ofsted spokeswoman said the desecration letters were 'a valuable tool in engaging pupils in History Essay, both the inspection and subsequent school improvement' ( The Guardian 16 August 2008). In January 2009 Gilbert announced that Ofsted was to launch a crackdown on of the flag 'boring' teaching in response to change management theories, concerns that children's behaviour was deteriorating because they were not being stimulated enough in class. Inspectors would be told to advise struggling schools on what was going wrong in of the, their lessons and why pupils were not paying attention, she said ( The Guardian 5 January 2009). Ofsted came under attack from children's services chiefs, head teachers' leaders and of Hamlet Essay, MPs.

It was accused of being 'flawed, wasteful and failing'. Flag? Its new inspection regime was forcing social work departments to Ecoturism Essay, focus on passing inspections instead of looking after children, good schools were rated as mediocre on routine technical matters and some sub-contracted inspectors were not fit for the job. Former chief inspector Sir Mike Tomlinson suggested that Ofsted had been struggling to cope since its responsibilities had been expanded to include inspecting children's services as well as schools and childcare ( The Guardian 23 November 2009). Ofsted's annual report said there had been a sustained four-year increase in the number of schools rated good or outstanding, but that some schools were being held back by a 'stubborn core' of bad teachers who were failing to of the, inspire their classes ( The Guardian 24 November 2009). The new head of the artwork General Teaching Council (GTC), Keith Bartley, said around 17,000 'substandard' teachers were struggling in classrooms and failing to desecration of the, inspire their pupils. Middle-aged male teachers were a particular worry.

Teachers needed retraining throughout their careers to prevent them becoming disaffected, he said ( The Guardian 2 February 2008). NUT Conference March 2008. At their annual conference in Manchester NUT members threatened to strike if the government did not promise to cut classes to no more than twenty pupils by 2020. They said large classes were putting some schools under intolerable pressures ( The Guardian 22 March 2008). The conference heard evidence of a crisis in Essay, children's happiness and mental health and debated calls to scrap the most restrictive elements of the of the national curriculum and reverse a government order that literacy be taught through phonics.

NUT general secretary Steve Sinnott said teachers wanted a system which was 'liberal and of Euthanasia Essay, flexible' and not imposed by government. 'We want a return to a time when there was a potential for desecration of the flag magic moments in the classroom', he said ( The Guardian 24 March 2008). NUT members expressed concern about research which showed that faith schools were fuelling social, ethnic and religious segregation and flouting admissions laws. Extraordinarily, their solution was to prevent the establishment of more single-faith schools but to provide religious facilities - faith-based instruction, prayer rooms and visits by imams, rabbis and priests - in of Euthanasia Essay, all schools. Desecration? Secularists were not impressed. National Secular Society director Keith Porteous Wood pointed out that a large majority of secondary school pupils said they were not religious. 'It's outrageous that a teaching union should be proposing to introduce religious instruction in schools', he said. 'If parents feel that strongly about religious instruction it should happen in the home or place of The History of Euthanasia Essay, worship' ( The Guardian 25 March 2008). Members also voted to launch a campaign against military recruitment campaigns in desecration flag, schools.

The union said it had complained to Ed Balls that 'misleading propaganda' in some lesson materials prepared with Ministry of Defence (MoD) backing undermined schools' legal duty to present controversial issues in a balanced way. One worksheet supplied by the MoD said the British army was 'helping the fra angelico artwork Iraqis to desecration flag, rebuild their country after the conflict and years of neglect'. It did not mention the US-led invasion, the Production of Hamlet countless Iraqi civilian deaths or the fact that not a single weapon of mass destruction had ever been found ( The Guardian 26 March 2008). NUT members staged a one-day strike on 24 April 2008 and of the flag, warned that there would be more if the government did not improve its pay offer ( The Guardian 25 April 2008). It was the first national NUT walk-out since 1987, when Margaret Thatcher was prime minister. The shortage of head teachers became an increasing concern during this period. In September 2008 one thousand schools started the new school year without a permanent head teacher. Teachers' leaders, already alarmed at Production Essay, the growing number of vacancies in both primary and secondary schools, were furious when it was revealed that the DCSF had drawn up a secret list of heads and senior teachers who could be poached to desecration flag, run academies when positions arose ( The Observer 14 September 2008).

The annual survey of headship vacancies by Education Data Surveys (EDS) showed that England and Wales faced a chronic shortage of heads, despite £100,000 salaries being offered for some posts ( The Guardian 9 January 2009). Ed Balls told the School Teachers' Pay and Review Body (STRB) that he wanted schools to be free to decide what to stories, pay head teachers who agreed to help lead struggling schools. He told parliament: To recognise the greater responsibility associated with running a number of schools, I will be encouraging governing bodies to make responsible use of the flexibilities that they already have to flag, determine an appropriate level of pay for Essay these heads in a way that is of the, not constrained by the maximum of the leadership pay range but is appropriate, fair and transparent. These are interim arrangements while the STRB look in greater depth in the coming year at new pay arrangements for school leaders that will recognise and reward the vital contribution that they will make to fra angelico artwork, the delivery of our vision of the of the twenty-first century school. ( The Guardian 23 June 2009) In January 2010 EDS reported that some secondary schools were now offering six-figure salaries, relocation packages and private health insurance, but were still finding it increasingly hard to recruit head teachers. Scores of short stories, posts were being filled by temporary and acting heads and one school in London had had to advertise six times. Desecration Of The Flag? More than forty per cent of management theories, all secondary headships and 35 per cent of primary headships had had to be readvertised in 2009. John Howson, the former government adviser who conducted the study, said the shortage was deeply worrying. Of The? 'The ease with which schools can recruit a head teacher is a key measure of the health of the profession,' he said ( The Guardian 28 January 2010). At their annual conference in Torquay, members of the management ATL heard the results of a survey of of the flag, behaviour in UK schools. Of the 800 teachers questioned, one in ten said they had been attacked and injured by change theories violent pupils; three out of of the, ten said they had experienced 'physical aggression'; three quarters said they had been threatened or insulted by a pupil. Almost all reported problems with low-level disruption.

ATL general secretary Mary Bousted told the conference: 'No teacher should have to tolerate these unacceptable levels of poor pupil behaviour and certainly no one should be attacked in school' ( The Guardian 17 March 2008). Ed Balls announced that heads were to be granted new powers to search pupils for fra angelico alcohol, drugs and stolen goods. Desecration Of The? He had asked Sir Alan Steer, who was carrying out a review of behaviour in Ecoturism Essay, schools, to draw up proposals to extend teachers' 'stop-and-search' rights. Heads already had the desecration of the flag right to fra angelico, search pupils suspected of carrying knives and had been given guidance on how to use airport-style metal detectors to screen young people ( The Guardian 27 March 2008). The government published a white paper setting out plans to flag, reform the system of pupil referral units (PRUs) for disruptive pupils. £26.5m would be spent trialling new specialist centres which would be run by private companies, charities and academies, who would be allowed to make a profit. Every child would have a tailored plan for improving their behaviour and The History of Euthanasia Essay, school results, league tables for PRUs would be published, and all schools would be expected to take their 'fair share' of excluded pupils ( The Guardian 21 May 2008). The government announced that secondary schools and colleges in of the, England would receive £720,000 over two years to train 'pupil mentors', who would learn how to defuse arguments through discussion and listen sensitively to History, classmates with family problems. Ministers said a pilot project of 3,600 pupils in 180 schools over the previous two years had been a success ( The Guardian 30 December 2008). Steer Report: Learning Behaviour: Lessons Learned.

Commissioned by Ed Balls and of the, published in April 2009, this was a follow-up to fra angelico artwork, the Steer committee's first report Learning Behaviour which had been published in 2005. Steer said good teaching was a prerequisite for good behaviour: 'The need for consistent good quality teaching, as the flag basis for raising standards and reducing low level disruption, has been highlighted both by Ofsted and fellow practitioners' (DCSF 2009b:3). The report stressed: the Production of Hamlet importance of early intervention and of disseminating good practice advice to desecration of the, schools; appropriate engagement of and support for pupils, withdrawal from classes where appropriate; the change engagement of parents should be supported and strengthened, with more consistent use of parenting contracts; the of the role of local authorities in prioritising support for schools and making provision for ambrose bierce excluded pupils; and the roles of desecration, local authorities and children's trusts in relation to behaviour and attendance partnerships. Download the 2009 Steer Report Learning Behaviour: Lessons Learned (pdf text 2.1mb). Ed Balls launched a £3m scheme to train teenagers to counsel their younger schoolmates and artwork, offer 'conflict resolution' to tackle bullying ( The Guardian 15 November 2007). A British Council survey found that almost half of UK secondary school pupils regarded bullying as a problem in their school - a higher proportion than in of the, the rest of Europe. There was considerable variation between parts of the UK: the figure for fra angelico artwork England was 48 per cent, Scotland 43 per cent and Wales 32 per cent.

However, 42 per cent of UK students said they were happy in school most of the time compared with 33 per cent on average in the rest of Europe ( The Guardian 29 February 2008). A Stonewall survey of gay school students found that 41 per cent reported physical attacks and half said teachers themselves had made homophobic remarks. The DCSF issued new guidance to schools on preventing and dealing with homophobic bullying. Ed Balls said: 'We wanted to make sure that within the overall anti-bullying guidance there was specific guidance on homophobic bullying' ( The Guardian 29 January 2008). An ATL survey showed that homophobic abuse was endemic in schools, with 'gay' the most commonly used insult in the classroom. There was a 'conspiracy of silence' in schools and colleges so that homophobia was seen as normal. Some teachers even feared becoming targets of abuse themselves if they challenged students' behaviour ( The Guardian 11 March 2008). Parents who withdrew their children from Gay History Month lessons at George Tomlinson primary school in Waltham Forest were told that their absences would be regarded as truanting. A local council spokesperson said it was right that schools were tackling homophobia: Waltham Forest council wants to desecration of the, promote tolerance in our schools by teaching children everyone in our society is of equal value.

This is a core part of the national curriculum for all schools in the country. We are supporting teachers and schools in taking positive and change, innovative steps to develop children's ability to respect people's differences. A group of rabid homophobes from a Baptist church in Kansas threatened to picket George Tomlinson school but their leader, Fred Phelps, was barred from entering Britain to flag, stop him spreading 'extremism and hatred' ( The Guardian 20 March 2009). In March 2009 Stonewall published its Teachers' Report Homophobic bullying in Ecoturism, Britain's schools as part of its Education for of the flag All campaign. Its key findings were that: nine in ten secondary school teachers and more than two in five primary school teachers said children and young people, regardless of their sexual orientation, experienced homophobic bullying, name calling or harassment in their schools; secondary school teachers said that homophobic bullying was the second most frequent form of Production of Hamlet Essay, bullying after bullying because of weight and was three times more prevalent than bullying due to religion or ethnicity; 95 per cent of secondary school teachers and three quarters of desecration, primary school teachers reported hearing the phrases 'you're so gay' or 'that's so gay' in their schools; eight in ten secondary school teachers and two in five primary school teachers reported hearing other insulting homophobic remarks such as 'poof', 'dyke', 'queer' and Essay, 'faggot'; nine in ten teachers and non-teaching staff at of the flag, secondary and primary schools had never received any specific training on how to prevent or respond to homophobic bullying; more than a quarter of secondary school staff said they would not feel confident in artwork, supporting a pupil who decided to come out to them as lesbian, gay or bisexual; and half of secondary school teachers who were aware of homophobic bullying in desecration of the flag, their schools said the vast majority of incidents went unreported. Download Homophobic bullying in Britain's schools from the Stonewall website.

In 2007 Ofsted's annual report warned that social, economic and racial factors still determined how well children performed at school ( The Guardian 18 October 2007). A report by Jo Blanden and Stephen Machin for the Sutton Trust, Recent Changes in Intergenerational Mobility in The History of Euthanasia, Britain , published in December 2007, showed that by the age of seven the desecration of the flag most able children in Britain's poorest homes were outperformed by and Traveling Essay the least gifted children from wealthy homes. It concluded that social class was still the biggest predictor of school achievement, the likelihood of desecration, getting a degree and even a child's behaviour; and suggested that the advantages of being born in a privileged home had not changed in thirty years. Research conducted at Bath University by Harry Daniels and Jill Porter for ezekiel mphahlele the Cambridge Primary Review showed that a child's chances of receiving extra help for a special educational need was dictated by geography, class, race and gender, rather than the nature of the learning difficulty. Of The? Middle class children received better support more quickly, and ezekiel, powerful lobby groups, such as those for dyslexia and autism, received disproportionate levels of funding. The system of 'statementing' children and allocating resources allowed for wide variations ( The Guardian 14 December 2007). A government-backed study by Dr Steve Strand at Warwick University found that white working-class teenagers performed worse than their black and Asian classmates in GCSE exams ( The Guardian 28 March 2008). Thursday's Child , a report by the Institute for Public Policy Research (IPPR), a think-tank close to the government, recommended that the flag long summer holiday should be shortened. It said children from the poorest backgrounds suffered most from 'summer learning loss' and ambrose bierce stories, that youth offending rose during the summer when children had less access to structured activities ( The Observer 25 May 2008).

A study on of the flag social mobility, funded by the American Carnegie Corporation and presented at a private conference in New York hosted by the Sutton Trust, was attended by leading UK education figures and politicians including Cabinet Office minister Ed Miliband. The research used data from 10,000 children in the US and 19,000 children in the UK born in Ecoturism and Traveling Essay, 2000 and desecration of the, 2001. It found that children's vocabulary, cognitive abilities and behaviour were closely linked to family income, with children from the poorest homes much less well equipped to deal with starting school. The effects of being from ezekiel mphahlele a low-income home were more pronounced in the UK than the US because of the UK's wider difference in incomes ( The Guardian 7 June 2008). Meanwhile, politicians traded statistics. Desecration? A Tory party publication, A Failed Generation , claimed that the education gap between rich and poor had widened under Labour. Change? Schools minister Jim Knight presented an alternative analysis of the achievement gap which showed it had narrowed since 1997 ( The Guardian 8 August 2008). A report published by flag the Cabinet Office's strategy unit, Getting On, Getting Ahead , suggested that initiatives introduced over the past ten years - predominantly in artwork, early years and primary education - were beginning to pay off. Desecration Of The Flag? Family background, it said, was now less important to mphahlele, the academic success of 15 year olds than it had been for the same age group born in 1970.

In particular, Bangladeshi pupils had risen from being the flag lowest performers to ezekiel mphahlele, being above average. Tory shadow work and of the, pensions secretary Chris Grayling dismissed the report. 'This has all the hallmarks of fra angelico artwork, a government propaganda exercise', he said. Flag? 'The reality in Britain today is that we have some of the fra angelico lowest social mobility in the industrialised world.' Writing in of the, The Guardian , John Crace argued that 'the truth lies between the ezekiel two': There have been significant improvements in raising attainment levels in some areas, particularly among minority ethnic groups, but one large section of the population has missed out on the decade of rising standards - the white working class. (Crace 2008) He noted the findings of a report commissioned by the NUT and the National College for School Leadership (NCSL) and written by Denis Mongon and Chris Chapman at Manchester University's school of education. Successful Leadership for Promoting the Achievement of White Working Class Pupils argued that the cycle of desecration of the, underachievement had been endemic in management, this group since mass education was introduced in Victorian times. Mongon said: After more than a century of free, compulsory education and flag, sixty years of the welfare state, family income and Essay, status are by desecration of the flag far the most significant correlates of success in the school system. Although gender is also an independent and significant factor, the social class attainment gap at The History of Euthanasia, 16 is flag, three times as wide as the gender gap. (quoted in Crace 2008) The government's aim to close the social gap in Production History Essay, exam results was certainly proving difficult to achieve. In 2008, just 16 per cent of white boys on of the free school meals reached the target of five good GCSEs including English and maths, compared with the national average of 48 per cent ( The Guardian 12 December 2008). Figures released in parliament showed that a million children living below the poverty line were not receiving free school meals because the income threshold to qualify was lower than the management theories current level used to define poverty. A family of two adults and desecration flag, two children with an income of £18,000 a year had to pay for school dinners at an average cost of £1.70 a day per child. Liberal Democrat education spokesman David Laws said: 'For the mphahlele most disadvantaged children, a school dinner can be the desecration flag only hot meal they get.

As times get tough, paying for school lunches is going to be a real struggle for more and Ecoturism and Traveling Essay, more families' ( The Guardian 16 December 2008). Since 1988, parents in England had had the right to express a school preference. Successive governments believed this would force under-performing schools to improve. But in Parental choice of primary school in England: What type of schools do parents choose? , academics at Bristol University and ULIE argued that parental choice had fuelled class segregation ( The Guardian 20 November 2009). Rose Hill Primary School in Oxford abandoned its policy of using only halal meat in its school meals after complaints from parents ( The Oxford Times 20 February 2008). A survey by the School Food Trust, set up by ministers in flag, 2005 to encourage children to eat healthier food, found that secondary schools had, on average, 23 fast-food outlets within a mile of Essay, their buildings.

The Trust suggested that, to prevent pupils from buying junk food, schools should not allow them to desecration of the flag, leave the premises at lunchtime. School leaders said the proposal was unworkable ( The Guardian 28 March 2008). Health secretary Alan Johnson announced plans for a £20m pilot scheme to provide every child with free school meals in two local authorities. If the two-year trial improved health, school standards, pupils' behaviour and take-up of school meals, it could be expanded to every local authority, he said ( The Guardian 25 September 2008). Catering firms belonging to the Local Authority Caterers Association warned the government that new rules on schools meals due to come into force in secondary schools in September 2009 would lead to even more pupils deserting canteens for fast-food outlets and could make the school meals service no longer viable ( The Guardian 23 March 2009). Five years after the outcry over 'Turkey Twizzlers', led by TV chef Jamie Oliver, the Food for bierce short Life Partnership warned that progress towards healthier school meals would stall if budgets for ingredients were cut ( The Guardian 15 December 2009). The global recession, which began in 2008, forced governments around the desecration of the world to The History Essay, review their spending.

Britain was no exception. In a sign of desecration of the, things to change, come, Ed Balls urged schools to save £750m a year by turning off lights, cutting back on desecration of the flag heating and sharing cleaners. Ezekiel? Savings needed to be made now, he said, to of the, safeguard front-line services in the future ( The Guardian 26 November 2009). The message was reiterated three months later at a conference run by ezekiel mphahlele the NCSL, only this time heads were asked to desecration of the flag, make 'efficiency' savings of £1bn without reducing front-line staff. The government was promising a 0.7 per cent real-terms increase in funding for schools, but because of a rise in pupil numbers, a further 0.9 per cent would be needed to maintain the of Euthanasia Essay status quo. NAHT general secretary Mick Brookes said it would be difficult for heads to find £1bn without threatening front-line staff: teaching assistants could be particularly vulnerable ( The Observer 7 February 2010). In October 2007 the government published new guidelines on of the school uniforms. The History Essay? Schools minister Jim Knight said: I strongly support school uniforms and would like all schools to adopt them. They can instil pride and unity, support a strong school ethos and prevent the jealousy, rivalry and conflict that can arise when children wear different clothes.

But the cost of uniforms must never be a barrier for of the flag poorer families. History Of Hamlet Essay? ( The Guardian 5 October 2007) The only dedicated university course for Steiner school teachers had struggled to recruit new students since the government cut funding for of the flag second degrees. In November 2009 Plymouth University announced it would not be admitting any more students to the three-year course ( The Guardian 5 November 2009). Within a week of becoming prime minister in Ecoturism, 2007 Gordon Brown had surprised universities by promising to increase the number of students eligible for grants. The pledge had been welcomed by students as a sign that the new prime minister was serious about Labour's target of getting half of of the flag, young people into university by 2010. Ambrose Bierce Short Stories? But by December 2008 ministers had been forced to introduce a cap on places after discovering a £200m black hole in their finances. This meant that for autumn 2009 there would be 3,000 extra full-time university places - the largest number in history, but not enough to keep up with the surge in demand ( The Guardian 20 August 2009). In November 2009 Lord Mandelson (whose Department of Business, Innovation and of the flag, Skills had assumed responsibility for higher education in June) launched A New Framework for Higher Education which set out a ten to fifteen year strategy for universities, designed to of Euthanasia, aid the country's economic recovery and pave the desecration of the flag way for and Traveling an overhaul of desecration of the, student tuition fees. Its key points were: a 'consumer revolution' to give students more information about courses and Ecoturism and Traveling, future earnings potential; a drive to make universities work more closely with industry in desecration of the, designing courses and funding them; and a new focus on universities as engines of social mobility, encouraging the use of 'contextual data' in selection processes to identify hidden talent among pupils from low-performing schools. ( The Guardian 3 November 2009) The election campaign.

In the summer of 2009 the date of the forthcoming general election had not yet been announced but most commentators assumed (rightly) that it would be in May 2010. As far as education was concerned, however, the first skirmishes in the battle were already under way. The Centre for Policy Studies, a right-wing think-tank, recommended that a Conservative government should abolish at least eight quangos, including the Qualifications and Curriculum Authority, the exams regulator Ofqual, the Training and Development Agency for of Hamlet Schools and the National College for School Leadership. Desecration? Ofsted should remain, but would be limited to inspecting only schools seriously below the standard expected of them ( The Guardian 13 August 2009; BBC News 13 August 2009). Shadow schools secretary Michael Gove announced that he would build technical schools in History, every city to train a new generation of desecration of the, builders, technicians and engineers - a plan developed by former Conservative education secretary Lord (Kenneth) Baker.

Labour pointed out The History Essay, that it was already doing just that: the DCSF had approved a technical school in Birmingham, to desecration, be sponsored by Aston University, and had provided officials to work with Baker on expanding the scheme ( The Guardian 5 October 2009). Gove's view of education. Gove's technical schools policy was a throwback to the 1950s, but there was worse to come. He upset the teaching unions - and just about everybody else involved in education - by promising to Production History of Hamlet, destroy the 'educational establishment' he claimed was responsible for 'dumbing down' schools. He told the Conservative Party conference that he would sideline local authorities, scrap the curriculum agency, sack the worst head teachers, have fewer Ofsted inspections for good schools, encourage competitive sports, and insist on traditional values in of the flag, the classroom, with former soldiers imposing discipline and pupils expected to fra angelico, wear ties. The state monopoly over schools would be abolished by allowing every school the chance to desecration of the, become an independent academy with greater control over the curriculum, the pay of Production, teachers and desecration of the flag, the organisation of the school day ( The Guardian 7 October 2009).

The following day, Tory leader David Cameron backed Gove's plans and added that a Conservative government would encourage companies to run state schools for profit, and promote 'discipline, setting by History of Hamlet Essay ability and regular sport' ( The Guardian 8 October 2009). Gove's accusation that a culture of of the, 'defeatism and political correctness' had dumbed down education cost him support throughout England's schools. In a letter to The Guardian , the head of the ASCL and and Traveling Essay, 26 leading head teachers wrote: As leaders of state secondary schools, and therefore presumably fully paid-up members of the 'educational establishment' to desecration, which Michael Gove referred in his speech to ambrose short, the Conservative party conference, we would like to of the flag, challenge the image of the state education sector portrayed in of Hamlet Essay, that speech. 'Faddy ideologies' have been resisted by schools. Recent years have seen a strong focus on raising the quality of teaching and learning, increasing the number of young people who achieve well, improving their behaviour and broadening their opportunities and flag, life chances. This is what we understand as progressive education, in contrast to the pejorative way in which that term is sometimes used. ( The Guardian 12 October 2009) John White, emeritus professor of the philosophy of education at ULIE, took Gove to management theories, task over the curriculum proposals in of the flag, the Tory draft education manifesto. Writing in the TES he said: 'For him, there is only one vehicle to Ecoturism and Traveling, get us to these destinations: the traditional school subject. He sets his face against everything else. Cross-curricular teaching is out. Flag? Projects and themes are anathemas.' Under a Tory government, there would be no regrouping of Ecoturism Essay, subjects into wider 'areas of learning' as recommended in of the, the Rose review of the primary curriculum. Subjects like maths, science and history were the only way forward. 'It's a pity that the artwork schooling on which Mr Gove so dotes did not free him from the fetters of black-and-white thinking', White argued.

And he concluded: Since 1997 we have broken away from the rigidities of Ken Baker's original national curriculum. Not fast enough for many of us, perhaps, but in the right direction. Mr Gove would wind the clock back to the 1988 curriculum, itself a virtual copy of the curriculum for the new state secondary schools introduced in 1904. This is desecration of the, conservatism indeed.

But is this creation of a horse-drawn, narrowly franchised, imperial age the beacon we should be following a century and fra angelico artwork, more later? (White 2010) Professor Michael Bassey was equally dismissive of Gove's view of education. In a letter to The Guardian (30 March 2010) he noted that Gove wanted to see children 'sitting in rows and rote learning'. Gove had told one newspaper that 'the best training of the mind' would be 'learning the kings and queens of England, the great works of of the flag, literature, proper mental arithmetic, algebra by the age of 11, modern foreign languages'. Yet he'd also said that 'A Conservative government would . free teachers and leaders in schools from The History Essay bureaucracy to give them more space to innovate, to excel, and by desecration excelling, to Ecoturism and Traveling, inspire others.' Bassey commented: 'The freedom that the Conservatives offer seems to be the freedom to spend the next ten years teaching the desecration flag chronology of the ambrose monarchy to children sitting in straight lines'. Meanwhile, David Cameron accused 'failing' schools of pandering to desecration of the, a culture of defeatism and of Euthanasia, 'dumbing down to the lowest common denominator'. He said a Tory government would sack the heads of the worst-performing schools within a hundred days ( The Guardian 25 April 2010). Gove's other big idea was to desecration flag, establish up to 2,000 Swedish-style 'free schools' - independent schools run by or for parents but paid for by the state. He had first proposed these in September 2008. 'We have seen the future in Sweden and it works', he declared. 'Standards have been driven up. If it can work there, it can work here.' He had gone on fra angelico artwork to make the policy a key feature of the Tory election campaign, but it was widely criticised.

Per Thulberg, director general of the Swedish National Agency for desecration Education, said the free schools had 'not led to better results' in Sweden. Fra Angelico? He told the BBC's Newsnight programme that where the free schools had improved results, it was because the pupils they admitted had 'better backgrounds' than those who attended the schools they had replaced. Furthermore, recent international studies had shown that England was ranked higher than Sweden for pupils' maths and science knowledge and in the 2007 Trends in desecration of the, International Mathematics and Science Study Sweden's ranking for science had fallen further than any other country's ( The Guardian 9 February 2010). Stephen Ball, professor of the fra angelico sociology of education at ULIE, said Tory plans for more academies and free schools amounted to the breaking up of the model of of the flag, state education which had operated in England since 1902: It's a process of the dissolution of state schooling. It was Labour that introduced legislation under which people could set up their own schools. This is taking it a step further and opening it up to The History of Euthanasia, more diverse providers being able to set up schools.

This is the beginning of the end of state schools as we know them. ( The Guardian 2 March 2010) Two local authority leaders joined in the criticism. Kent County Council leader Paul Carter said giving parents and desecration flag, other groups the funds to start free schools would threaten local education budgets, and Hampshire's cabinet member responsible for schools, David Kirk, insisted that local authorities should be allowed to improve existing schools rather than being forced to give parents the short power to set up new ones. Leading education lawyer Graham Burns, who was acting for three parent groups trying to set up schools in anticipation of of the, a Conservative administration, told The Guardian that parents from from poor neighbourhoods would be unable to set up their own schools because they lacked money and influential friends ( The Guardian 26 April 2010). And finally, just four days before the election, it was revealed that one of the ambrose bierce short first state schools to take on a private partner had had to be 'rescued' by its local council after it was deemed inadequate by inspectors. This was an desecration of the, embarrassment for ambrose short Gove because Kings International College, run by 3Es Enterprises, was in his Camberley constituency and desecration flag, because it highlighted potential problems with his free schools plan.

Local Liberal Democrat councillor David Whitcroft commented: 'Michael Gove has been talking about what is going on in Sweden; it might be more useful if he looked at what is change management theories, going on in his own constituency' ( The Observer 2 May 2010). Determined to show that he could come up with equally loony ideas, Gordon Brown announced that parents would be allowed to vote on desecration flag whether to get rid of the leadership of their child's school and have it converted into an academy run by a university, a business or another state school. These 'sponsors' - the first to be named was carpet shop owner Lord Harris - would be allowed to fra angelico, run chains of poorly performing primary schools. Teachers dismissed the idea as 'an impractical and unworkable election gimmick' ( The Guardian 23 February 2010). As the general election approached, Robin Alexander noted that there was 'a great deal of flag, unfinished business' in relation to Ecoturism and Traveling, primary education: The Rose proposals for the primary curriculum have disappeared in the pre-election legislative wash-up, leaving schools confused and frustrated. The long-running SATs conflict is heading for its high noon. Rumblings continue about inspection. The national strategies have come and are about to go, leaving an uncertain legacy. A growing appetite for flag genuine and The History of Euthanasia Essay, lasting reform competes with teachers' understandable longing for a period of flag, stability after 13 years of constant change. (Alexander 2010) With the Labour government having rejected the recommendations of the Cambridge Primary Review, and the Tories highly unlikely to adopt them, he appealed directly to teachers to take forward the Review's agenda and announced the Production of Hamlet Essay launch of a network supporting those who were keen to build on the report 'and in desecration of the, many cases have begun to do so': Many of the Essay priorities we nominate will be advanced only if teachers, and flag, the communities they serve, seize the opportunity and the evidence provided by initiatives such as the Cambridge Primary Review, and use them to debate the central educational questions which too often go by default: what primary education is for; what constitutes an enabling and balanced curriculum; how research on learning and teaching can be translated into classroom practice that fully engages every child; in History of Hamlet Essay, what kinds of decisions about their lives and learning young children can or should be involved; how educational quality and standards should be defined and desecration of the flag, assessed; and how - individually and in partnership - schools should be organised. (Alexander 2010)

The general election was held on Thursday 6 May 2010. There was no overall winner, and after several days of anxious negotiations between the parties, Gordon Brown resigned on 11 May and the Queen invited David Cameron to form a coalition government of bierce short stories, Tories and Liberal Democrats. Desecration? For an analysis of the party manifestos and the policies of the new coalition government, see my article Hobson's Choice: education policies in the 2010 general election (2010). Summary of the period. What are we to make of education in England under Ed Balls? It's a very mixed picture.

On the positive side, he is to be commended for his undoubted commitment to improving the change management theories lot of the nation's children, particularly those from poorer families. The Children's Plan was, as we have seen, an desecration of the, ambitious attempt to take a holistic view of the lives and prospects of children and to bring some much-needed coherence to policy-making by drawing together all the change management theories government departments and agencies which impinged upon them. This approach was refreshingly new. He was very opposed to selection for of the flag secondary education and took steps to prevent schools - especially faith schools - from covertly selecting pupils from more affluent backgrounds. He was also determined to crack down on homophobic bullying in schools. On the negative side, it is to change management theories, be regretted that he was so adamantly committed to maintaining the indefensible testing and league tables regime in England's schools, in the face of widespread hostility from parents, teachers and desecration of the flag, governors, and despite clear evidence of the damage it was causing, not least to Ecoturism Essay, the children themselves. It is also regrettable that he was content to ignore the wishes of parents and teachers by continuing to desecration flag, increase the number of academies and trust schools, and that, despite his obvious concerns about faith schools, he was apparently happy to ambrose short stories, see their numbers grow too. His decision to force faith schools to desecration of the flag, teach sex education properly was welcome. His capitulation in ezekiel, the face of religious lobbying was not. And finally, like many politicians he talked much about desecration of the returning decision-making to schools and ezekiel mphahlele, local communities. So it's odd that he still insisted on, for desecration example, compelling schools to use a particular method of teaching reading - 'synthetic phonics' - against the advice of the world's experts in the teaching of reading.

But then politicians - of short, whatever party - never allow the evidence to cloud their judgement. Alexander RJ (ed) (2009b) Children, their World, their Education Final Report and Recommendations of the Cambridge Primary Review London: Routledge. Crace J (2008) 'Long division' The Guardian 11 November. CSFC (2009) National Curriculum: Fourth Report of desecration of the flag, Session 2008-09 Volume 1 HC 344-I House of ezekiel, Commons Children Schools and of the, Families Committee London: TSO. DCSF (2007) The Children's Plan Building brighter futures Cm 7280 London: HMSO.

DCSF (2009b) Learning Behaviour: Lessons Learned A review of behaviour standards and management theories, practices in our schools Nottingham: DCSF. Mansell W (2009a) 'Big brothers' The Guardian 2 June. Wilby P (2008) 'Jim'll fix it' The Guardian 5 August.

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Rhetoric and Composition/Oral Presentations. Oral presentations use many of the same techniques that are used in desecration flag rhetorical writing. Planning your topic, researching, editing, reviewing, and revision are all important steps in producing a good oral presentation; the ezekiel same as they are when writing an desecration of the, essay or research paper. The best way to ezekiel ensure that your speech is a success is to desecration of the have enthusiasm for your topic and to give yourself adequate time to develop that enthusiasm into a workable talk. Once your topic has been decided upon and research is underway, it's time to think about how you plan to present your information. Of the several angles that need to be addressed in regards to delivering a speech, the most important thing to keep in Production History Essay mind is, Who is my audience?

Never underestimate the importance of of the flag knowing your audience. If you're planning to present information about new advances in The History interactive role-playing games on the Internet to a group of senior citizens, chances are you will need to use different terminology and examples than you would with a college-age audience composed of aspiring Software Engineers. If your audience can't understand what you're trying to say, you'll find it much harder to desecration accomplish your objective. Consider the Ecoturism and Traveling following characteristics of your audience: This brings us to consideration number two: what is the purpose of your speech? Is it a call to action? Strictly to inform? To persuade? Just as you will adjust your language for of the various audiences, so will you use different rhetorical strategies to achieve different goals. In tandem with keeping your information audience-appropriate and on topic, your decision to use visual aids such as Powerpoint, charts, or any kind of props (in the case of demonstration presentations) will have a sizable impact on your audience, and as such should be given careful thought.

A question that you may want to ask yourself is, How do I want to The History present the information? You might want to give a bare-bones speech, have a Powerpoint presentation, or use exhibits to add character to your information. You also may ask, How much information can I present in of the flag the allotted amount of time? Sometimes starting a speech with something everyone can relate to helps to ease in the audience and make them more interested in what you will be discussing. Be sure to trim the fat off of The History your presentation if you are strapped for desecration of the time.

If you are running far over the amount of time that you have been allotted, you may need to re-assess your information and short, further narrow your scope. One of the most important things you should ask yourself is, What ideas and desecration of the, thoughts do I want to leave the audience with? These are the key points that you want to center your presentation around. Knowing your audience gives you the key to gain and hold their attention, which is a central task for any presenter. Use your knowledge of the audience's demographics to draw them into Essay the presentation from the very first sentence. By knowing what sorts of examples and illustrations you can use to make the desecration flag contents of your presentation relevant and interesting, you have unlocked the door to understanding and ezekiel mphahlele, persuasion. When you begin your presentation, you want the of the audience to feel interested and ezekiel, invested in of the flag what you have to share. The more interested you get them right off the bat, the more they are going to pay attention throughout the rest of the presentation.

This can be done in a multitude of ways, but it is important to History Essay remember to keep your introduction relatively short; wordy introductions can lose your audience before you actually get to the speech itself. It is also important to remember that whatever opening line you choose, you must connect it to the content of your speech. The use of quotations is a tried-and-true way of introducing a subject--if it is done correctly. Here is an desecration of the flag, example using Albert Einstein: After the nuclear bombs were dropped during World War II, the leading creator of this destructive force said, 'I know not with what weapons World War III will be fought, but World War IV will be fought with sticks and The History Essay, stones.' Albert Einstein stated this after finally seeing the desecration of the flag bombs' full power; for he knew that he very well may have had a hand in the end of the world. Startling statistics might help to open the eyes of your audience. Here is an example concerning incarceration rates: By the end of 2004, 724 out of every 100,000 U.S. residents were incarcerated. The United States of America has the highest jailing rate in the entire world. Sharing a personal experience is an effective, but risky way of opening an oral presentation.

Use this option only if it's the right fit for your audience. For example, if you are presenting to a group of of Euthanasia Essay Video Game Design students at desecration of the flag your school on the topic of fun game play elements, you might use a personal experience like this: A couple years ago, there was this game that had just came out. Everybody was talking about how awesome this game was and how sweet the fra angelico artwork graphics were. So, I did what any gamer would do--drove directly to the store, picked up a copy of the game, brought it home, and popped it into desecration of the flag my Xbox. Fra Angelico! My excitement heightened as the game loaded and flag, the intro sequence played. When the game started, I was absolutely astonished . at how bad the game play was. The game looked cool, but all you did was run around and of Euthanasia Essay, hit the enemies in the head with a sword over and over again. That game was not fun; Let's make a game that is fun. Using a joke to start a presentation is flag often a good idea.

You just better hope that your audience thinks it's funny! In most cases, this means keep your joke clean. Also, try to of Hamlet make the joke pertain to the subject you are presenting on. Here is an example that you might use when doing a presentation on football: Anyone who makes a bad call against desecration of the flag, the Detroit Lions risks ticking off their last remaining fan. If the Production History Essay presentation is more formal, you may just want to give an overview of the main topics you will cover in your speech. Here is an example using college dropouts: Today, I will be discussing college dropouts. I will be going over desecration of the flag the current rate of mphahlele dropouts as well as the many common reasons for it. I will also talk about the reasons to stay in college, like better knowledge, life experiences, and more pay in desecration the future.

When it comes time to present your speech, there are several methods of delivery to choose from. In most cases, your subject matter will be the Ecoturism and Traveling main criteria for desecration flag deciding whether to read verbatim, memorize your script, or work from cue cards. Ezekiel! In the case of a scholarly presentation with an extensive amount of detail, you may choose to write out your speech and deliver it as written. If your goal is to persuade your audience through high-energy speaking and of the, eloquent prose, you may choose to Ecoturism Essay script and memorize your argument. When introducing an informal topic with which you are familiar, you may find that index cards and of the, an outline will suffice. No matter which way you choose to present your speech, you need to be prepared ! Written preparation can include notecards or a fully spelled-out speech. In any case, it is essential that as a speaker, you provide clear talking points and transitions for your audience. When you write an essay, your audience or readers have the advantage of clearly seeing your paragraph, section, and page breaks; when you speak to an audience, you must recreate this experience verbally.

To provide a recent example, President Barack Obama is known for numbering his extemporaneous responses to questions from the press or during election debates. The History! When outlining a proposed solution, he will clearly mark its steps with one, two, and desecration of the, three. This rhetorical strategy is effective in helping his audience easily follow his logic and responses; though you can opt to use transitions that are somewhat more subtle, never forget that your audience cannot see the progression of your argument and you must visually outline it for them. Writing the content of your speech out word for artwork word may be appropriate for certain situations. Flag! For instance, when you are presenting critical facts or statistics, having the data at change management theories your fingertips helps to prevent errors. While misquoting information might sound like a minor offense, under certain circumstances it can have grave repercussions, such as being sued for slander. Though in of the most cases incorrect information will only confuse your listeners and ambrose, embarrass you, it's good to remember that such mistakes won't be tolerated in many professions, including law and of the flag, politics. The drawback to a scripted speech is that the audience will almost certainly know that you are reading word for word. This has several drawbacks, including decreased eye contact and Ecoturism Essay, stilted delivery, both of which leech power away from desecration flag, your presentation and tend to create a feeling of disconnect between the listeners and and Traveling, the speaker.

If giving a manuscript speech is necessary, practice is the best way to avoid a bad presentation. By reading your speech aloud several times, you will become more comfortable with the rhythm and inflections of your writing. Flag! Make sure that you are thinking about where and when you can make eye contact with your audience to ezekiel underscore your points and add emphasis to important parts of your speech. Particularly with a written speech, you can add visual cues to desecration flag your speech to remind you when to look up or emphasize a certain point. When a presenter memorizes a speech, it's basically a manuscript speech minus the paper.

Memorizing a speech can improve eye contact with an audience. Body language may also improve because the speaker has more freedom to The History Essay move about the desecration flag area, since papers/notes will not be used. A problem posed by memorizing a speech arises when the of Hamlet presenter forgets the speech. This can cause an embarrassing, awkward situation and desecration, make the Ecoturism Essay speaker appear inept. Plus, the speaker's tone tends to sound artificial and rehearsed. If you choose to memorize a speech, you might want to have a sparse outline with you just to remind yourself of your talking points. An extemporaneous speech (extemp speech) is delivered from a prepared outline or note cards. The outline and/or note cards include the main ideas and arguments of the speech. Of The Flag! The only information that is of Euthanasia typically copied word for word are quotes.

Outlines and note cards should be used for keeping the presentation organized and for desecration flag reminding the ambrose short presenter what information needs to be provided. Extemp speaking has many advantages compared to the other methods of delivery. For one, an of the, extemporaneous speech sounds spontaneous because the Production History Essay presenter is not reading word for desecration of the flag word. The History Of Euthanasia Essay! Glancing at an outline or a note card that has key ideas listed allows the presenter to flag add detail and personality to the information being presented. Second, similar to memorized speaking, eye contact and of Euthanasia, body language can increase. The speaker’s head is not down, buried in desecration of the flag a manuscript. Third, the speaker is able to take in audience feedback and respond to it as it occurs.

An audience tends to change moment by moment, and a good speaker can tell when more or less detail is needed for different parts of the presentation. In order to ensure an extemporaneous speech’s strength, it is ambrose important to practice presenting with the desecration flag outline or note cards being used. Management! Inexperienced speakers tend to worry that they will forget important information if they do not write it out on their outline/note card. Practicing your speech, even if it's just to desecration flag your pet or mirror, will help increase your confidence level in both delivery and Production History, knowledge of the subject. Now that you have familiarized yourself with the various methods of preparing and delivering oral presentations, it's time to discuss the best way to present your information. You may be familiar with Marshall McLuhan's adage the medium is the message. Don't forget that in the case of an oral presentation, you ARE the medium. In other words, no matter how well-researched and cunningly written, your speech will only be as professional as your look and desecration of the flag, manner suggest it is. Your appearance and delivery are just as important as the content of your presentation. You've no doubt heard this from your high school guidance counselor, your parents, and a dozen brochures about successfully interviewing for employment, but it bears repeating: First impressions are important . It is imperative that you dress to impress.

For most situations in which you will be delivering an oral presentation, this means Business Casual. For men , business casual usually consists of of Hamlet Essay a button-front shirt, tie, dress slacks, and desecration of the, dress shoes (blazer is fra angelico optional). Men should also be clean-shaven or else properly groom their facial hair. For women , business casual includes a button-front shirt (or professional-looking sweater or top- on this point, women tend to of the flag have more business casual options than men), dress pants or skirt (of appropriate length), and dress shoes. The History Of Euthanasia! Both men and women should take care not to expose too much skin. If the desecration of the flag speech will be presented before an audience that will be dressed formally, wear a suit . You should try to get plenty of sleep the night before your presentation, so that you will be fresh and well rested.

Before approaching the podium, take a quick look in bierce stories the mirror--Hair tidy? Teeth clean? Tie straight? Under no circumstances should hats or anything that obstructs eye contact with the audience be worn. As with other elements of public speaking, consider what your particular audience will expect of you. In some cases, dressing casually is desecration flag entirely appropriate; in change theories others, only desecration flag a suit (for women and men) is acceptable. When speaking to the audience, act poised and confident, even if that's not how you feel on the inside. Some of the ezekiel mphahlele most common tells that a person is ill at ease include fidgeting, throat clearing, and speaking too rapidly.

Stand up straight and stay relatively still--don't shift your weight from foot to foot. Keep your hands quiet, and avoid putting them in your pockets. Desecration Flag! Also, try to prevent yourself from adjusting your shirt or glasses or from playing with your notecards, hair, or writing utensils. Ecoturism Essay! Concentrate on keeping your breathing slow and even, and try to desecration flag relax. Most importantly, make eye contact with the audience, not the floor . You should be as confident in your vocal delivery as you are in your posture.

Avoid saying Um, Uh, or Like. These words make you seem uncertain, unprepared, and undermine your credibility. Vary the tone of your voice and talk at a steady, conversational rate. Last, but not least, do not chew gum or suck on candy while speaking. If you're afraid that your mouth will go dry, it is acceptable to have a small glass of water at hand to fra angelico sip discreetly. Again, the most important preparation you can do is to practice your speech several times to a mirror, your pet, a friend, or family member. The more comfortable you feel with your material, the more confident you will be when presenting it to an audience. Leaving the audience with a bang is necessary in order to ensure a lasting impression. Flag! Remember, the last thing presented tends to change management theories be what the audience remembers the desecration best.

The ending of a speech can be as important as the management theories beginning and body. The conclusion should do what the introduction did, except in reverse. After completing the presentation, the presenter should summarize the main points again without repeating verbatim what was said in the introduction. Desecration Of The! After that, you want to Wow your audience again with one of the techniques for introducing your speech. This can include: a quotation, a startling statistic, a personal experience, a joke, or a formal closure. Particularly if you are presenting persuasive information, you may want to end your speech with a call to action. Ambrose Short! What are you asking of your audience? What can they do after listening to your speech? Finally, asking for questions is a good way to minimize any confusion that the audience might have or bring to light any relevant connections which you may have overlooked. While this is one of the most important things to do at the end of a presentation, it is also one of the most forgotten things. Remember that the audience has given up their time to listen to you.

They could have been anywhere else in the world doing anything they wanted to do, but they were there with you. You should appreciate that. An example of thanking your audience could look like this: That is all I have for today. I appreciate you giving me your time.

Thank you very much and have a great day.

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18 Metaphors Analogies Found in Actual Student Papers (Or Not—But They're Still Hilarious) Okay, so we can't be 100% positive that these are from actual student papers. [Update: They are not.] Let us know which is the best (worst?) in the comments below! 1. Of The. His thoughts tumbled in ezekiel mphahlele his head, making and breaking alliances like underpants in desecration a dryer without Cling Free. 2. The History Of Euthanasia. He spoke with the wisdom that can only desecration of the flag come from experience, like a guy. who went blind because he looked at a solar eclipse without one of those. boxes with a pinhole in it and now goes around the country speaking at. high schools about the dangers of looking at a solar eclipse without one. of those boxes with a pinhole in it. 3. She had a deep, throaty, genuine laugh, like that sound a dog makes just. Bierce Short. before it throws up. 4. Her vocabulary was as bad as, like, whatever. 5. He was as tall as a six-foot, three-inch tree. 6. The little boat gently drifted across the pond exactly the way a bowling. 7. Desecration Of The Flag. From the attic came an unearthly howl. The whole scene had an eerie, surreal quality, like when you're on vacation in short another city and.

Jeopardy comes on at 7:00 p.m. instead of 7:30. Desecration. 8. Mphahlele. The hailstones leaped from the of the flag pavement, just like maggots when you fry. them in hot grease. 9. Long separated by cruel fate, the star-crossed lovers raced across the. grassy field toward each other like two freight trains, one having left. Cleveland at 6:36 p.m. traveling at 55 mph, the other from Topeka at. 4:19 p.m. at a speed of 35 mph.

10. Ecoturism. John and Mary had never met. They were like two hummingbirds who had. 11. Of The. He fell for ezekiel, her like his heart was a mob informant, and of the flag, she was the ambrose bierce short stories East. Desecration Flag. 12.

Even in his last years, Granddad had a mind like a steel trap, only one. that had been left out so long, it had rusted shut. 13. Shots rang out, as shots are wont to do. 14. The plan was simple, like my brother-in-law George. Artwork. But unlike George, this plan just might work. Of The. 15. The young fighter had a hungry look, the kind you get from not eating. Artwork. 16.

He was as lame as a duck. Not the metaphorical lame duck, either, but a. Desecration Of The Flag. real duck that was actually lame, maybe from stepping on a land mine or. 17. The ballerina rose gracefully en pointe and extended one slender leg. behind her, like a dog at a fire hydrant. 18. It was an American tradition, like fathers chasing kids around with.

[As Alan pointed out, these came from the Washington Post Style Invitational Bad Simile and Metaphor Contest.] If you used the words jeggings , muggle , or binge-watch in a sentence 30 years ago, you would have likely been met with stares of The History of Euthanasia confusion. But today these words are common enough to hold spots in the Oxford English Dictionary. Such lingo is of the flag, a sign that English, as well as any other modern language, is constantly evolving. But the Production History path a word takes to of the flag enter the general lexicon isn’t always a straightforward one. Ambrose Bierce Short. In the video below, TED-Ed lays out how some new words become part of our everyday speech while others fade into obscurity. Some words used by English speakers are borrowed from other languages, like mosquito (Spanish), avatar (Sanskrit), and prairie (French). Other “new” words are actually old ones that have developed different meanings over time.

Nice , for of the, example, used to only mean silly, foolish, or ignorant, and meat was used as blanket term to describe any solid food given to livestock. The internet alone is responsible for ezekiel, a whole new section of our vocabulary, but even the words most exclusive to the web aren’t always original. For instance, the desecration word meme was first used by Richard Dawkins in his 1976 book The Selfish Gene . Ezekiel. To learn more about the true origins of the words we use on flag a regular basis, check out the full story from TED-Ed below. Puns can be divisive: Some find them irresistible, some find them groan-worthy. And while newspaper readers may appreciate clever wordplay in a headline—say, “Big Rig Carrying Fruit Crashes on 210 Freeway, Creates Jam,” or one of The New York Post ’s seemingly endless Anthony Weiner puns—most people don’t drop puns in everyday conversation. But for others, punning is a way of life. Fra Angelico. Pun competitions challenge wordsmiths to come up with as many great puns as they can on the fly in flag front of an audience. And they aren’t for the faint of heart, as author Joe Berkowitz found out over change theories, the course of writing Away With Words , his new book about the world of competitive punning. Here are ten facts we learned from the book about puns and the art of wielding them competitively. Making puns “crosses all major languages and cultures in history,” John Pollack, an international punning champion and the author of a historical look at desecration of the the phenomenon, The Pun Also Rises , told Berkowitz.

In San Juan Chamula, Mexico, a tradition of Ecoturism verbal duels called k’ehel k’op , which often revolves around puns, dates back to Mayan times. Traditional Palestinian weddings have featured pun-heavy oral poetry duels for centuries. Flag. 2. THE WORLD’S FOREMOST PUN COMPETITION IS NAMED AFTER AN AUTHOR WHO DIDN’T PUN. The largest and most prestigious pun competition is the O. Henry Pun-Off World Championships, held every year in Austin, Texas. You’d think the reference to ambrose bierce stories the famous short story writer would nod to desecration his affinity for puns, but in artwork fact, there’s not a lot of desecration flag evidence he liked them at all. Production Of Hamlet. “Although he did name one of desecration of the flag his stories ‘A Midsummer Knight’s Dream,’ the author’s work is largely pun-free,” Berkowitz writes.

During the course of writing the book, he visited the O. Henry Museum in Austin, where the Pun-Off is held, and was informed that the connection between puns and Ecoturism Essay, the author O. Henry is quite tenuous. “Between you and me, he was not a huge punner,” a tour guide told him. “That connection was made between the museum and the Pun-Off early on because it was held here, and it just stuck.” 3. THERE ARE FOUR DIFFERENT KINDS OF PUN. There’s the homophonic pun, in of the flag which two words sound the same but mean something different. (“Czech” and “check,” for instance.) Then there’s the homographic pun, in which two words sound different but are spelled the same. (Like a bass player versus a bass fish.) There are also homonymic puns, in which the words both sound and are spelled the same. (Berkowitz’s example: “I felt unsettled inside so I had an evening out.”) And last, there’s the portmanteau, a combination of two other words. (Like “brunch.”) 4. History Of Hamlet. AT THE PUN-OFF, THE RULES ARE SERIOUS BUSINESS. Of The. The O. Henry Pun-Off in Austin—a competition Berkowitz calls “the Olympics of pun competitions”—has strict rules. Only honest-to-goodness puns are accepted. Essay. You can’t just throw in a phrase related to a topic if it doesn’t have the necessary wordplay to qualify as one of the four types of desecration flag pun. “If the History of Hamlet Essay topic is railroads, we will not accept anything like, ‘I hope we stay on track,’” Pun-Off organizer Gary Hallock told Berkowitz by way of explanation. Of The. There are two competitions wrapped into the O. Henry Pun-Off: Punniest of Show and Punslingers. In the former, competitors perform their own two-minute routine on any topic they want, cramming in as many puns as possible. Ecoturism. These monologues are judged by a panel on originality, performance, and desecration flag, wit.

Punslingers, meanwhile, is artwork, a rapid-fire, head-to-head tournament in which punners exchange wordplay on randomly chosen topics as fast as possible. Each competitor gets a maximum of desecration of the flag five seconds to think of their next pun, and Ecoturism Essay, whoever runs out or gets three strikes (attempted puns the judges deem invalid) first loses. The longest this particular event has ever lasted was a grueling 48 minutes of puns relating to desecration numerical phrases like “three’s a crowd.” 5. ENGLISH IS A GREAT LANGUAGE FOR PUNS. English speakers already have a leg up when it comes to Production History puns. For one thing, it’s got a whole lot of words. The Oxford English Dictionary estimates that there are around a quarter of a million distinct words in the English language. English has borrowed words from so many languages that there are a wide variety of potential puns that wouldn’t otherwise be available, like “soirees” and “sore eyes.” English also doesn’t have declensions, so the desecration of the flag endings of words don’t change based on what part of the sentence they’re in. “The apple” stays the same whether it’s a direct object or the subject of a sentence, in other words, which is not the case for Essay, languages like German or Russian. (English uses word order to desecration flag convey the difference instead.) So “saw” can be both a verb or a noun, no matter where in ambrose short stories the sentence it falls. As in, “The blind carpenter picked up his hammer and saw.” If anyone knew how great English can be for puns, it was Shakespeare. “Never mistake the Bard for someone above poop and fart jokes,” Berkowitz writes. “When Thersites of Troilus and of the flag, Cressida says, ‘But yet you look not well upon him; for, whomsoever you take him to be, he is Ajax,’ it’s not just because a character is named ‘Ajax,’ but because ‘a jakes’ meant a public toilet back then.” The greatest writer in the English language, indeed.

7. Ezekiel Mphahlele. FOX’S BOB’S BURGERS HAS A PUN QUOTA. The writers of the animated series Bob’s Burgers regularly go through their own kind of of the mini pun competition in order to ezekiel craft a series that’s unusually dedicated to desecration flag puns. The History Of Euthanasia Essay. That's because there are at least three points in each episode that involve puns. In the title sequence, there is always a rotating series of stores located next to the show’s titular family restaurant. Desecration Of The. These plausible companies always have punny names like I’d Hit That (a boxing gym) or That’s Improv-able Improv Theater. Later in the credits, an exterminator van always pulls up in ezekiel front of the restaurant bearing a punny name like Last of the Mousehicans. And then there’s the ever-popular Burger of the desecration of the flag Day feature, which has spawned an entire cookbook full of recipes for burgers with pun names like “Shoot-Out at the OK-ra Corral Burger (comes with Fried Okra).” To populate each episode with these running gags, the management theories show’s writers have to include three or four pun options for each when putting together a script. Bob’s Burgers creator Loren Bouchard then hand-picks his favorites for of the flag, each episode. 8. Ecoturism And Traveling Essay. WANT TO BE A PUN CHAMPION? TRY IMPROV. All of the winners of the O. Henry Pun-Off in the past decade have had one thing in common: a background in of the improv.

Improv performers are used to coming up with ideas on the fly in front of an audience, and in the training process, they get extremely comfortable failing spectacularly. They’re comfortable opening their mouths without having a good idea of what’s going to come out. As one improv-trained punster told Berkowitz, “if you get an improviser up there, they’ll be, like, ‘Well, I can just start talking and I don’t know what I’m gonna say but I’ll get there.’” 9. Ezekiel Mphahlele. FOR THE BRAIN, PUNNING IS LIKE TANGLING CHRISTMAS LIGHTS. Desecration. What’s going on in your head when you’re thinking up a pun? Salvatore Attardo, an expert on the linguistics of humor, described it this way:

A good way of representing what’s in Essay the brain is to think of it as strings of lights on a Christmas tree. So you have one string that’s white, and those lights are all the associations of meaning. If you have ‘dog,’ you have ‘puppy’ and ‘bitch’ and all the words that are related to dogs. So that’s one string, but then you’re going to have another string that’s red and it’s ‘fog,’ ‘bog,’ ‘log’—all the associations on the sound and all the sounds that begin the flag same way. Mphahlele. What is happening when you make a pun is that you’re kind of crossing the strings of lights.

So even if a certain pun feels like low-hanging conversational fruit, it's actually a pretty complicated neurological process. 10. IT’S REALLY, REALLY HARD TO TEACH A COMPUTER TO PUN. A computer won’t be entering the O. Henry anytime soon. Of The. Software engineer Max Parke attempted to overcome this challenge by building the Punerator, a computer program designed to replicate the short stories very human act of punning. Parke fed the program a rhyming dictionary and a data set of synonyms, antonyms, homonyms, and desecration of the, phrases, hoping to of Euthanasia one day be able to desecration of the flag get the machine to reverse engineer the pun “Iran so far away.” The process of combining words to make longer words, to turn verbs into nouns, to use words in ways that are counter to their intended meaning, was just too complicated for the algorithm. Even the best artificial intelligence is no match for ezekiel mphahlele, a competitive punner, or even a totally average one. It’s a skill that—for now—is uniquely human. LIVE SMARTER BIG QUESTIONS WEATHER WATCH BE THE CHANGE JOB SECRETS QUIZZES WORLD WAR 1 SMART SHOPPING STONES, BONES, WRECKS #TBT THE PRESIDENTS WORDS RETROBITUARIES. Why You Should Never Flush Dental Floss Down the Toilet. Why You Should Sing 'Happy Birthday’—Twice—While Washing Your Hands.

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Emergency Denis Johnson Essays and Research Papers. Johnson Johnson is a care company for desecration, personal hygiene products, medical equipment manufacturer, founded in 1885 at United . States. It has offices in artwork, over 90 countries and its products sold in over 170 countries. Johnson Johnson was established in 1886, is the world's large-scale, Johnson Johnson Diversification of products in of the, health care products and consumer care Products Company. The world of the film to the glass of the management theories, Johnson Johnson occupied a strong brand! According to desecration of the the results. Chicago Tylenol murders , Health care , Johnson Johnson 2585 Words | 7 Pages. Johnson Johnson Company Nowadays most of the babies are using the products like body lotion and shampoos are from this . company, Johnson Johnson . Ezekiel! This brand’s products are already well known since 1886.

According from the research, Johnson Johnson market in of the flag, the most population country, China is sixty percent and above. The three brothers, Robert Wood Johnson l, James Wood Johnson and Edward Mead Johnson have formed this company. Nowadays, this company already became a giant medical industry. 2010 Haiti earthquake , Edward Mead Johnson , Food and Drug Administration 1747 Words | 5 Pages. Emergency management is the mphahlele, discipline of dealing with and avoiding risks.

It is a discipline that involves preparing, supporting, and of the flag . Fra Angelico Artwork! rebuilding society when natural or human-made disasters occur. Similar, it is the continuous process by which all individuals, groups, and communities manage hazards in an effort to avoid, or better the impact of disasters resulting from the various hazards. In fact, “ emergency management is of the a relatively new field but one that can call upon an 88-year tradition of. Civil defense , Community Emergency Response Team , Education 848 Words | 3 Pages. Emergency Analysis The book by Denis Johnson entitled Jesus’ Son follows a drug addicted narrator through a series . of change theories short stories. Over the course of the book, many characters come and go, and desecration flag few other than the narrator are constantly in management, it. Some of these secondary characters are also drug users, while others are morally questionable in different ways. One of the more interesting secondary characters appears in the story Emergency , Georgie. Georgie is the hospital orderly who happens to steal. Drug addiction , Human , Human nature 1342 Words | 3 Pages.

? Johnson Johnson Company is the world largest manufacturer of health care products. The company have developed different types . of the products such as baby shampoo and sterile dressings. Desecration Of The! Johnson Johnson have a long history about the management of Ecoturism Essay its operating companies as independent businesses. The management party of the of the, company comprehend and enhance the operating company autonomy to The History of Euthanasia modify the flexibility, creativity and accountability. Flag! Johnson Johnson Company and the Information Tehnology. Contact management system , Customer relationship management , Customer service 1713 Words | 5 Pages. For STRATEGIC OPERATION MANAGEMENT Submitted by: ANALIZA T. Change Theories! CEDILLO BSBA 4-1 (OM) Submitted To: Prof Avila JOHNSON amp; . JOHNSON COMPANY INTRODUCTION * The Company supports the United Nations’ Millennium Development Goals to desecration of the flag improve the health of mothers and ambrose bierce short stories children in developing countries.

As a founding sponsor, Johnson amp; Johnson helps launch the United States’ first free mobile health service, providing health information via text messages for Pregnant. Edward Mead Johnson , Health care , James Wood Johnson 1699 Words | 7 Pages. The kid leaned forward a little. “Yessum.” he said. I nodded. “Exactly that means I get to desecration do whatever the hell I want.” I said angrily. The kids jaw . dropped. “You swore!” He screeched.

I pushed down on Essay the pedal and turned on the emergency alarm. This was an emergency . Mother 970 Words | 3 Pages. Term Paper: Johnson Johnson Company I. History Johnson and Johnson is an American multinational . pharmaceutical, medical devices and consumer packaged goods manufacturing company. Johnson and desecration of the Johnson was founded in 1886 in New Brunswick, New Jersey by ambrose short, three brothers Robert Wood Johnson , James Wood Johnson , and Edward Mead Johnson . Between 1888 and 1921 Johnson and Johnson had a lot of of the flag first with products such as first aid kits, dental floss, sanitary napkins for women, band aids, baby powder(. Band-Aid , Edward Mead Johnson , James Wood Johnson 698 Words | 3 Pages. Johnson amp; Johnson Johnson amp; Johnson It should be no surprise that there is The History of Euthanasia developing . Of The Flag! research suggesting that certain organizations that meet the criteria of being compliant or ethical are inclined to perform better in the financial market on change theories fundamental operational metrics, including shareholder buy in desecration of the flag, and return.

The characteristics found in Ecoturism and Traveling Essay, successful businesses are typically the same as businesses that are also labeled as ethical or compliant. Organizations that focus on being accountable. Bond , Capital market , Debt 1324 Words | 4 Pages. ORGANISATIONAL STRUCTURE OF JOHNSON amp; JOHNSON JOHNSON amp; JOHNSON’s organizational structure is dictated . by of the, its corporate strategy. Johnson amp; Johnson has more than 250 companies located in 60 countries around the ezekiel, world. Johnson amp; Johnson Family of Companies is desecration flag organized into several business segments comprised of and Traveling Essay franchises and therapeutic categories. The companies of the family are organized into three business segments: Consumer Health Care, Medical Devices and Diagnostics, and. Board of directors , Chairman , Corporate governance 685 Words | 2 Pages.

COMPANY PROFILE Johnson amp; Johnson is an American multinational medical device, pharmaceutical and consumer packaged goods . Of The Flag! manufacturer founded in 1886. Founded in 1886 in New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA, Johnson amp; Johnson spread its roots into change management, India in 1947 with the of the, arrival of Mr. Patrick Whaley and in 1948, started marketing Johnson’s Baby Powder which was manufactured by a local company, British Drug House, in Mumbai. In September 1957, a new company - Johnson amp; Johnson Limited was created. Acuvue , Contact lens , Distribution 531 Words | 3 Pages. International Recruitment and Development Program Career Opportunities For more than 25 years, the Johnson Johnson . International Recruitment and Development Program (IRDP) has proven its value, both in accelerating the leadership potential of History Essay participants and in of the, its support of the Johnson Johnson global leadership strategy. History Of Hamlet! IRDP prepares recent Master’s or MBA grads for leadership roles in our Asia-Pacific, Europe/ Middle East/Africa, and Latin America businesses.

OPPORTUNITIES ARE AVAILABLE. Academic degree , Cooperative education , Doctor of desecration of the Philosophy 760 Words | 2 Pages. Johnson amp; Johnson Johnson and Johnson (JNJ) is a company focused on three things: Medical . Short Stories! devices, Consumer, and Pharmaceutical. The values at the workplace evolve around integrity and ethical character to the employees and the customers. This paper will define Johnson and Johnson and their mission statement.

Johnson and Johnson vision statement will be broken down and discussed. It will than discuss the desecration, values. Mphahlele! The last thing to be discussed will be analyzing the vision, mission, and value. Janssen Pharmaceutica , Johnson Johnson , New Brunswick, New Jersey 1182 Words | 4 Pages. JOHNSON JOHNSON CONSUMER PRODUCTS, INC.

Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) is defined as the of the flag, voluntary activities . Of Hamlet Essay! undertaken by desecration flag, a company to operate in an economic, social and environmentally sustainable manner. Ezekiel Mphahlele! When companies operate in desecration, an economically, socially and ezekiel mphahlele environmentally responsible manner, and they do so transparently, it helps them succeed, in particular through encouraging shared value and social license. Desecration Flag! Management and mitigation of fra angelico social and environmental risk factors. Business ethics , Company , Corporate social responsibility 865 Words | 3 Pages. Johnson and Johnson was founded by Robert Wood Johnson and two other brothers who name was James Wood . Johnson and Edward Mead Johnson in 1855 who created a line of ready to use surgical dressing. The company produced its first products in 1886 and was incorporated 1887. The products that Johnson and desecration Johnson produced were items such as bandages, lotions, shampoos, and many other products. Robert Wood Johnson served as the Essay, first president of the company. Of The! He worked to improve sanitation practices.

Edward Mead Johnson , Food and Drug Administration , Generic drug 2265 Words | 7 Pages. Johnson amp; Johnson Mission: Caring for the world, one person at a time. inspires and unites the ambrose stories, people of . Johnson amp; Johnson . Desecration Of The! Organization structure: We have more than 275 operating companies in bierce stories, more than 60 countries employing nearly 128, 000 people. Desecration Flag! Our worldwide headquarters is in New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA. Johnson amp; Johnson has more than 250 companies located in 57 countries around the world. Our Family of Companies is fra angelico artwork organized into several business segments comprised of. Competence , Janssen Pharmaceutica , Johnson Johnson 635 Words | 3 Pages. History of Johnson Johnson Johnson Johnson was first found by three brothers, Robert Wood . Johnson , James Wood Johnson and Edward Mead Johnson in New Brunswick, New Jersey, U.S. Desecration Flag! In 1873, the company was named Seabury Johnson and led by Robert Wood Johnson . It focussed on fra angelico medical products business with his partner, George Seabury. Robert then hired his brothers, Edward and desecration of the James to work with the company.

Later on, in 1886, the two younger brothers left Seabury Johnson and fra angelico formed new. Edward Mead Johnson , Health , Health care 925 Words | 7 Pages. for Workplace Emergencies James J. Of The Flag! Johnson Columbia Southern University Abstract At the heart of mphahlele safety is . good planning. That is desecration flag why a company has an change management theories emergency action plan in desecration, place. Facilities or manufacturing plants should be aware of artwork certain procedures to protect themselves and others from injury during fire and other emergencies . Company’s conducts regular emergency drills so that workers know what to do and where to proceed during an emergency . Emergencies can occur in of the flag, an. Ambulance , Emergency evacuation , Emergency management 916 Words | 3 Pages. JOHNSON JOHNSON – DIVERSITY Johnson Johnson is an American multinational medical device, . pharmaceutical and consumer packaged goods manufacturer founded in 1886. The corporation is the world’s largest consumer health company, the world’s largest and most diverse medical devices and Diagnostics Company, the world’s fifth-largest biologics company, and the world’s eighth-largest pharmaceuticals company. Johnson Johnson has more than 250 operating companies in 60 countries employing approximately. Brazil , Developing country , Health care 970 Words | 3 Pages.

The Johnson Johnson Credo The impact of the Credo of Johnson Johnson on the organization can be . seen on several levels. To begin with, the authors of this case, Professor Aguilar and Arvind Bhambri, quote a senior executive as saying, “The prime motivator in JJ is the Essay, opportunity to grow with more responsibility. It runs through the desecration flag, whole organization.” This brief statement illuminates what is at the center of the ambrose, Credo when speaking about the responsibility of JJ to its employees – provide. Company , Corporation , Organization 1012 Words | 3 Pages. Johnson Johnson Organizational Behavi. ?Business 520 August 8, 2014 Johnson Johnson From Mumbai to of the flag Minneapolis, from Warsaw to Miami, . Johnson Johnson (JJ) is Ecoturism impacting the quality of life of people at a global scale. Alex Gorsky, CEO of Johnson Johnson Corporation is leading the charge for an army of desecration flag products and autonomous companies under the JJ umbrella. The company has experienced many changes from 2007, when the strategic focus was to find growth in areas outside of pharmaceuticals due to projected growth risks. Autonomy , Consumer theory , Health care 1425 Words | 5 Pages. Financial Analysis Johnson Johnson. ? Financial Analysis Report for and Traveling Essay, Johnson Johnson Strategic . Management Table of Contents I. Of The! Introduction II.

Summary of Operations a. Net sales b. Gross margin c. Operating margin d. Essay! Income before taxes e. Net income f. Summary of operations data assessment/interpretation III. Financial Position a. Working capital b. Desecration Of The Flag! Net property, plant equipment c. Total assets d. Long term assets e. Stockholders’. Accounts receivable , Asset , Balance sheet 902 Words | 4 Pages. Johnson Johnson was formed in 1885 in Brunswick, New Jersey, after two brothers, James Wood and Edward Mead . Johnson saw a need to change management theories develop sterile supplies for surgical procedures. During that time, doctors operated without gloves, sterile equipment and used unclean cotton from textile mills to of the flag pack the wounds so the mortality rate for fra angelico artwork, surgical patients was very high. One of the first products Johnson Johnson developed was ready to use surgical dressings which to led to large reduction in surgical. Edward Mead Johnson , James Wood Johnson , Johnson Johnson 1824 Words | 6 Pages. Johnson Johnson Crisis Communications.

Running head: JOHNSON amp; JOHNSON Week 6: Case Study: Johnson amp; Johnson Shawana Battie . Walden University In 1982, Johnson amp; Johnson was a trusted company with a solid reputation. In September, the company faced a great challenge as bottles of Tylenol were laced with cyanide by an unknown source. Although, Johnson amp; Johnson had no crisis communications plan in place at that time, they embarked on a strategic plan to desecration regain the ambrose bierce short, trust of consumers and to avoid this type of of the crisis. Case study , Chicago Tylenol murders , Communication 1660 Words | 5 Pages. Analysis paper on johnson and johnson. ? IT515- Innovation in Information Technology TOPIC: Johnson and Johnson Prof. Shan Foltz Submitted By Harshavardhan . Mudavath Johnson and Johnson was company founded in 1886 by three brothers Robert Wood Johnson , James Wood Johnson and Edward Mead Johnson in New Brunswick, New Jersey, U.S.

They were the of Euthanasia Essay, first to publish the “Modern Methods of Antiseptic Wound Treatment” which helped to practice sterile surgery not only in the U.S. Of The! but also worldwide. They were the pioneers of the first. Edward Mead Johnson , Health , Health care 1084 Words | 7 Pages. Solution to change management Minicase 5 Bond Yields for Johnson Johnson Objective: The case enables the student to gain insight . into the financing activities of large corporations and to practice calculating bond prices and flag yields. Computations are carried out for of Euthanasia Essay, annual and semiannual interest periods, and for fractional periods. Case Discussion: Johnson Johnson is one of the flag, leading pharmaceutical firms in the world. It is large and financially sophisticated. When it needs to of Euthanasia Essay borrow money. Albert R. Broccoli , Bond , From Russia with Love 794 Words | 4 Pages. Johnson and flag Johnson Domestic Operations. Johnson Johnson : Domestic Operations An important part of the success of a company comes from their ability to forecast what . changes they will need to make in ambrose bierce, the future.

To be able to make these forecasts they will need to keep track certain indicators of where the of the flag, U.S. and global economy is heading at any particular time. Trade Deficit This indicator lets the Ecoturism and Traveling, company know at all times how much is desecration flag being exported versus how much is being imported. The trade deficit will likely increase even. Aggregate demand , Economics , Inflation 1538 Words | 5 Pages. Johnson and Johnson Strategy Formulation. strategic analysis of change management theories Johnson and Johnson . Desecration Of The! This firs report focuses on the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats . (SWOT) and includes the following sections. First, the mphahlele, major concepts related to the SWOT analysis will be defined. Second, those concepts will be applied to the specific case of Johnson and Johnson . Then the desecration of the, evidence from Johnson and Johnson will be evaluated to identify the management, major problem the company is facing and propose a solution that Johnson and Johnson can adopt to restore.

Barriers to entry , Competition , Competitor analysis 2152 Words | 7 Pages. Johnson Johnson had manufactured Extra-Strength Tylenol in capsule and desecration flag tablet form since 1959. Tylenol became one of . Johnson Johnson’s most successful products, accounting for 17 percent of the company’s profits. Change Theories! Extra-Strength Tylenol constituted 70 percent of all Tylenol sales. Desecration Of The Flag! Johnson Johnson also enjoyed a tremendous amount of trust and goodwill from the public, nurtured in change, part by its adherence to the company credo of responsibility to customers, employees, shareholders, and the community. Recall election , Tamper resistance , Tamper-evident 820 Words | 3 Pages. Patients Profits Johnson and desecration Johnson. Patients versus Profits at Johnson Johnson : Has the Essay, Company Lost its Way?: Knowledge@Wharton ( . Desecration Of The Flag! http://knowledge.wharton.upenn.edu/article.cfm?articleid=2943) Patients versus Profits at Johnson Johnson : Has the short, Company Lost its Way? Published : February 15, 2012 in Knowledge@Wharton For a corporate icon long held up as the gold standard in business ethics, Johnson Johnson has suffered some stunning setbacks in desecration flag, recent years. Among the headaches: a seemingly endless string of product recalls.

Business school , Ivy League business schools , Johnson Johnson 2536 Words | 7 Pages. Vertical Integration at Johnson Johnson. Johnson Johnson : Planning Vertical Integration Team Synergy April 4, 2011 In a competitive market to which . Johnson and Johnson operates, the artwork, smallest of errors can lead to consequences which can cut revenue. When large mistakes occur, millions of dollars are lost, and desecration of the flag even worse, there is a loss of customer confidence. Ecoturism And Traveling Essay! Johnson and Johnson has had numerous recalls in their consumer healthcare division recently, which rocked the organization’s once sound image, and diminished its profits. . Management , Marketing , Production and manufacturing 1695 Words | 6 Pages. Crisis Management - Johnson and Johnson.

Johnson Johnson Johnson Johnson , one of the world's leading healthcare products manufacturer, . was founded in 1886 by three brothers, Robert Wood Johnson , James Wood Johnson and Edward Mead Johnson . In 1888, Johnson Johnson pioneers the first commercial first aid kit and other key products such as, baby powder, baby oil, no tears shampoo and tylenol in the following years. With more than 275 companies located in more than 60 countries, Johnson Johnson and it's subsidiaries have approximately. Edward Mead Johnson , Health care , Hip replacement 1126 Words | 4 Pages. PMS System of Johnson and Johnson ? Introduction: For this assignment I common stock have opted to study the PMS system of . Johnson Johnson Company Profile: Johnson and Johnson is a US based multinational company which is a manufacturer of pharmaceutical and consumer packaged goods , it emerged in 1886. Its the common stock component of the Dow industries . Its headquarters are in New Brunswick , New Jersey.

Its a huge company selling its products over of the, nearly 250 countries worldwide. ?. Dimension , Management , New Brunswick, New Jersey 540 Words | 3 Pages. One of America's most admired companies, Johnson Johnson (J J) is one of the largest healthcare firms in the world and one of . the stories, most diversified. Its operations are organized into three business segments: pharmaceutical, which generates 39 percent of revenues and 61 percent of operating income; professional, which accounts for 36 percent of desecration revenues and 27 percent of operating income; and consumer, which contributes 25 percent of revenues and 12 percent of History Essay operating income. J J's pharmaceutical. Health care , James Wood Johnson , Janssen Pharmaceutica 1053 Words | 4 Pages. Mechanisms Most companies evolve into a particular structure. As the company grows it is important to of the ensure that every function is managed. As time goes . on the company reviews the structure and changes to meet the mphahlele, needs of the desecration flag, organization.

Johnson Johnson is deeply committed to the heritage of decentralized management. The decentralized operating companies, affiliates and Ecoturism and Traveling business segments are brought together in an organization structure that ensures that their activities align with overall strategic. Audit , Auditing , Corporate governance 1016 Words | 3 Pages. Johnson and desecration of the flag Johnson Case Analysis. Johnson and Johnson Case Analysis Introduction: Johnson and Johnson , commonly called JJ for . Bierce Short Stories! short, is one of the world's well known, largest, most decentralized and most diversified health care companies. Of The Flag! Since 1887, Johnson and Production History of Hamlet Johnson has been producing, manufacturing and desecration of the selling products related to human health and well-being. Today JJ has over 200 autonomous operating companies and do business globally specializing in consumer products, medical devices and diagnostics, and Essay pharmaceuticals. Baby boomer , Drug development , Drugs 1122 Words | 3 Pages.

Emergency Response in desecration of the flag, Franklin County. Emergency Response Disaster in Franklin County Julie Beal, RN Western Governors University HAT 1 725.8 April 24, 2013 . Emergency Response Disaster in Franklin County The role of major health personnel in an emergency is to manage the mphahlele, safety and well being of the desecration of the, people in their community during and after a natural or man-made disaster. Essay! This is done by desecration of the, assessing the details of what occurred, what needs must be met and facilitating a team to organize information about the event. Emergency management , Emergency service , Health care 919 Words | 3 Pages. ? Johnson Johnson I. History A. Founded in 1886 by three brothers: 1. Robert Wood Johnson 2. James Wood . Management! Johnson 3. Edward Mead Johnson B. Three main categories: 1. Medical devices (40%) 2. Pharmaceutical (37%) 3. Consumer packaged goods (23%) C. Presented as 250 different operating companies that are spread over 60 countries D. The company has the headquartered in New Jersey E. Listed among the Fortune 500 F. 125 and more years of experience G. Competitive Advantages of the company 1. Work across. Carbon dioxide , Edward Mead Johnson , Greenhouse gas 1699 Words | 5 Pages. ?Carolyn Kuzmin Johnson Johnson Case BUS465 September 21, 2014 Primary Issues Johnson and desecration flag Johnson . is facing many quality control problems due to of Euthanasia the size and spread of the company The hip recall- and a swarm of other product recalls, manufacturing lapses and government inquiries They have struggled with owning up to issues and addressing them quickly enough--- so the brand becomes somewhat tainted The business is desecration still growing with another merger on the horizon so something must be done to address. Balance sheet , Health care , Investment 783 Words | 3 Pages. Emergency Management in change, the Granite State Crisis and Emergency Management Introduction The state of New Hampshire remains . extremely unique in developing a proper plan for desecration, Crisis and Emergency Management to protect the citizens and state property from the potential vulnerabilities.

New Hampshire has an extremely unique geography that features numerous mountain ranges, lakes, and maintains an Production of Hamlet Essay extensive coastline along the Atlantic Ocean. The state of New Hampshire also maintains the Seabrook. Emergency management , Federal Emergency Management Agency , Management 2289 Words | 7 Pages. Emergency Medicine and the Ethical Dilemmas. Emergency Medicine and the Ethical Dilemmas Luisa Martin HCA 322 Instructor Thomas December 5, 2010 Picture this scenario: You . are working in desecration flag, the emergency room of a public hospital where the inflow of patients is higher than the available beds.

You are treating an elderly man who is mphahlele breathless and of the flag cyanosed. While you assess whether he has chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or heart failure, he becomes drowsy and starts gasping. You quickly intubate him with some difficulty. Emergency department , Emergency medicine , Health care 1740 Words | 5 Pages. Business Decision Making for Johnson Johnson. BUSINESS DECISION MAKING INTRODUCTION ? Johnson and Johnson is an American multinational company founded in Production, Brunswick . ,New Jersey in 1886 by American entrepreneur Robert Wood Johnson . Of The! It manufactures pharmaceuticals, medical devices and consumer products. ? JJ and its subsidiaries have operations in over 60 countries and sell their products in over 175 countries. Today, it employs 120,000 people worldwide. ? They are the world’s second largest manufacturer of The History of Euthanasia Essay health care products and.

Drug discovery , Generic drug , Johnson Johnson 1058 Words | 5 Pages. The Decision of Johnson Johnson Acquires Dabao. The decision of Johnson Johnson Acquires Dabao. Di Wang MGT 540 MI004 Professor: Arthur Annechino 20th February 2013 . Table of Contents Executive Summary 3 Introduction 4 The reasons of decision 6 Decision making style 7 The problem in decision making process 8 Recommendations 9 Conclusion 11 Reference 12 Executive Summary This paper is talking about the Johnson Johnson Acquires Dabao. Of The Flag! It starts with review the two companies’ history, and then shows the. Cosmetics , Decision making 2455 Words | 7 Pages.

Head: IMPROVING FLOOD EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS 1 Improving Flood Emergency Preparedness in League City . Abstract This paper explores a vital need to the residents of League City in regards to flood emergency response. Bierce Short! Based on online research from the City of League City Mitigation Plan, Galveston County Mitigation Plan, and The Council for Excellence in Government, a local flood preparedness campaign focusing on a coordinated community emergency preparedness educational. Emergency management , Flood , Galveston County, Texas 912 Words | 3 Pages. Emergency Cart This is also known as crash carts are found in all hospitals and of the emergency rooms and contain supplies and . equipment necessary to treat life-threatening situations. Emergency Cart is a wheeled cabinet or chest of drawers that contains all of the History of Hamlet Essay, equipment necessary for emergency resuscitation. This is conveniently position throughout hospitals and other medical facilities so that they can be quickly accessed in an emergency . Of The Flag! Functions: ? The function of a crash cart is to History provide. Asthma , Cardiac arrest , Cardiopulmonary resuscitation 453 Words | 4 Pages. Emergency Management When an emergency happens, it is best to be prepared and desecration of the flag understand where to go and how to arrive there. . Most people will go to his or her local hospital to seek assistance, whereas some may be brought to the facility by an emergency vehicle. In any case emergency management needs to know what he or she needs to do to protect their community and ambrose themselves. Of The! Emergency management (EM) entails An emergency is the unplanned events that cause harm and death and bierce stories can happen within. Community Emergency Response Team , Emergency management , Emergency medical services 734 Words | 3 Pages.

Robert Johnson Crossroad Despite his early death and small list of recordings, Robert Johnson is without a doubt one of the desecration flag, . Bierce Short! most influential musician's of the twentieth century. Among those indebted to desecration of the his music are: Jimmy Page (Led Zeppelin), Eric Clapton (Cream) and The Rolling Stones. At the root of Robert Johnson's music is ezekiel mphahlele a relentless ability to express the deepest rawest emotion with unmistakable honesty, clarity and soul. Robert Johnson expressed his life experience through his music. Blues , Cross Road Blues , Delta blues 1093 Words | 3 Pages. Andrew Johnson Andrew Johnson was a man of many uniques with being the flag, only president of the change, United States to be impeached, . never attended school, grew up in poverty, and flag accomplished his way back into the Senate six years after leaving the White House, as stated in Trefousse’s book (p.13). Schroeder- Lein and Zuczek talk about, with even having his many accomplishments and ambrose short stories numbered failures, Andrew Johnson is to be known to this day as one of the most unpopular and unsuccessful presidents of.

Abraham Lincoln , American Civil War , Andrew Johnson 1516 Words | 5 Pages. ? Howard Johnson : Creating a “Home for Hungry Americans” February 14, 2014 Prof. Desecration! Diana Barber Nunquam non paratus. Bierce! Never . unprepared. In 1925 Howard Johnson began his hospitality empire in the Wollaston neighborhood of Quincy, Massachusetts. It is of the unclear whether this store was purchased from Dick Simmons as the Walker-Barlow drugstore or was an inheritance from his father.

The store had a marble soda fountain and sold newspapers, magazines, cigars, and three standard flavors. Food , Franchise , Franchising 889 Words | 3 Pages. RUNNING HEAD: SC Johnson Brands MKT/421 Marketing Establish in 1886 as a parquet flooring company SC Johnson is ambrose short one of the . world’s largest household’s products. Since launching the brand on the market SC Johnson has employed over 13,000 people and they now have several different products in the home cleaning industry. Desecration! SC Johnson has created products in over 70 countries around the globe. This 127 year old family company has generated a sum of fra angelico $9 billion dollars in sales because of affordable. Advertising , Brand , Brand management 827 Words | 3 Pages. Johnson Johnson Internal and External Analysis. brand drug is flag priced beyond its value.

INTERAL ANALYSIS Resources Tangible • Financial (USD): o Net Income $10,567,000,000 o Stock . Price(9/05/08) $ 70.67 • Physical: Johnson Johnson has $1, 4185,000,000 worth of plants, property, and equipment. Ezekiel Mphahlele! Technology: All the products of Johnson Johnson rely of flag new technologies for ezekiel, them to flag be developed. Recent research using technology help scientist come up with new HIV treatment called Intelence and Prezista. Also, “many of the History of Hamlet, product. Drug , Generic drug , Health care 1345 Words | 5 Pages. achieving goals, education and motivation. Of The! Basketball player, businessman, author. Fra Angelico Artwork! Magic Johnson was born on August 14, 1959 in desecration flag, Lansing, . Michigan. At Everett High School, Johnson earned his famous nickname, Magic, after a sportswriter witnessed him score 36 points, 16 rebounds, and 16 assists in a single game. Mphahlele! Johnson went on to play basketball for Michigan State University as a point guard.

Johnson excelled during his freshman year, helping his team, the flag, Spartans, clinch the Big Ten Conference. Boston Celtics , Kareem Abdul-Jabbar , Larry Bird 1875 Words | 7 Pages. Emergency Management Plan Main Ave Pharmacy Purpose: To establish a plan for the operation of the Essay, pharmacy when due to external events, . the normal operation of the pharmacy is compromised, affecting its ability to deliver care to patients and provide for a safe environment for personnel. Policy: To ensure appropriate staff response to a wide variety of emergencies for short-term management of patient care and personal safety. The type of flag assistance may vary or be nonexistent in a given. Emergency management , Infectious disease , Mobile phone 896 Words | 3 Pages. In Larry L. King’s, Trapped: Lyndon Johnson and the Nightmare of ezekiel mphahlele Vietnam, Larry King makes his assessment of Lyndon Johnson . Flag! King . states, “His personal history simply permitted him no retreats or failure in change management theories, testing.” (Portrait of flag America page 313) What King is trying to say about Lyndon Johnson in this statement is that his past does not allow him to retreat or to fail. King describes Lyndon Johnson’s history by saying, “LBJ’s mother, who smothered him with affection and praise should he perform. John F. Kennedy , Lyndon B. Johnson , Richard Nixon 1157 Words | 3 Pages. Historian Paul Johnson viewed things differently from Zinn. He described the Ecoturism and Traveling Essay, United States from 1865 to desecration flag 1900 as a panorama of general progress . in which all classes shared and in which all intellectual and cultural interests were abundantly displayed ( Johnson , 591).

He ultimately believes that the United States was composed of fra angelico American geniuses. Desecration Of The! If this were true I do not understand why minorities were being exploited by having them work long hours with no good payment. Johnson argues that although. American Civil War , Howard Zinn , Louisiana 900 Words | 3 Pages. Dorothy E. Johnson was a nursing theorist, who was born August 21, 1919, in Savanna, Georgia. She has had an Ecoturism Essay influence on her nursing through . her publications since the of the flag, 1950's. Throughout her career, Johnson has stressed the importance of research-based knowledge about the effect of ezekiel nursing care on clients. Of The Flag! This led to The Johnson Behavioral System Model, in Production of Hamlet Essay, which she came up with in 1980. Nursing theories are used to describe, develop, disseminate, and use present knowledge in flag, nursing. Johnson was. Behavior , Behavioural sciences , Human behavior 1164 Words | 5 Pages.

?Write a clear and well thought out essay on the following problem: “Your County Manager has just gone to a federally sponsored program on getting . volunteers to support the management and administrative side of disaster and mphahlele recovery portions of emergency management. The Manager attended a seminar on a program called ‘Professional Volunteer Disaster Survey Team (PRO-V-DST)’ which had been developed in Texas in the mid-1990’s. She was quite enthusiastic about the of the, program as it provides: . Community Emergency Response Team , Emergency management , Emergency service 1678 Words | 5 Pages. idea of Emergency Contraception is not a new to society, however it is still igniting many debates just as it did when it was first introduced . to the United States. The History Of Euthanasia! Emergency contraception continues to be a highly emotional and controversial issue, both for advocates who believe EC will lower the number of unintended pregnancies and abortions, and for opponents who believe that using EC amounts to of the an abortion. The controversy fueling this debate centers around one of the ways that emergency contraception. Abortion , Birth control , Human sexual behavior 884 Words | 3 Pages.

Emergency contraception should be seen as a respectful pregnancy prevention method rather than just a “morning after pill” for promiscuous . women. It has been an available healthcare option for a number of years and has prevented countless abortions. Many couples, teenagers and young adults approve of emergency contraception. However, other categories of people such as parents of teenagers and Ecoturism and Traveling Essay members of the Catholic Church remain unconvinced that this health-care option is of the flag actually beneficial. Change! It.

Abortifacient , Abortion , Birth control 1570 Words | 5 Pages. Research Paper 11 December 2012 Andrew Johnson I am writing this paper for educational purposes about the of the, Presidents of the United States. . I will be talking about the seventeenth president, President Andrew Johnson . Artwork! He has a lot of information that I will be talking about for this research project. I plan to persuade you that Andrew Johnson was a very good president. Andrew Johnson served a very good life and now I will ask you that. Of The! Andrew Johnson was born as Mordecai Historic Park 1 Mimosa.

Abraham Lincoln , American Civil War , Andrew Johnson 1205 Words | 4 Pages.